Archive for the ‘poultry farming in nigeria’ Tag
This is the 30th post on this highly informative poultry blog set up for the benefit of starters in Nigeria who require solid information about the business.
Agriculture and food are failure proof business. Even during wars war, people must eat. Or how do you fight wars without food? You make provision for food first ahead of the guns! Many run small backyard poultry farms and maintain their families from it by selling eggs and spent layer birds. Nigerians consume millions of crates of eggs daily.
An old layers chicken cost N900-1000.00 last Christmas 2012.If you had 1000 old layers then,you made N1 million residual income from a flock that laid eggs on daily basis for 15 months upward. What have you to lose in this business?
The food industries will never go down anywhere in the world…
The 30 posts on this blog gives you all that you should know to make a headway in this viable, lucrative but sensitive business. Do not listen to the negative minds who tell you that it is an impossible business. Endeavor to read all the 30 posts on this blog as a first step to knowing the business inside out before investing one naira in the business.
Here,i am sharing my little experience with you and let you know the sweet as well as the bitter aspects in the business.I am here to expose to you the two sides of the coin in the business.If you are interested in chicken farming and want to hear the real truth,endeavor to digest all the posts on this highly acclaimed poultry blog.
Since November 2010 that this blog was set up, hundreds of comments have been received. About 60 of them can be viewed in the Comments section on this blog.Some of the comments are as follows:
1) Happy birthday,Mr. John. I would never forget your valuable advice and educative materials that really helped us in setting up our farm. For your information, at exactly sixth months today, our birds are still doing well with mortality rate at just 2.1% and producing the golden eggs. We would always be grateful to you.
Usman Musa (email@example.com),Kano State,Nigeria
2) Hello Ayo,
Thank you very much for taking up d challenge of leadership.
I must say stumbling into your blog site is the best thing that has ever happened to me in recent times.
Your info came at the right time when am making plans to start up my own poultry farm. Can’t wait to lay my hands on your manuals.Good job brother.
3)Hello good morning.
This is the same lady from Ibadan. I have taken advice from the very helpful reports i bought from you. and right now i am at the stage 2 building pen houses. My consultant calculated that i can have 25ft by 90 ft pen houses. I met experienced builders who gave me an unrealistic price. So I’m back again for more advice. Please help me! Anxiously awaiting your reply.
firstname.lastname@example.org (Ibadan, Oyo State,Nigeria)
4) This blog has actually reduced my fear of investing in poultry farming… Great This blog has actually reduced my fear of investing in poultry farming… Great This blog has actually reduced my fear of investing in poultry farming… Great This blog has actually reduced my fear of investing in poultry farming… Great job!
5)Very nice and informative blog. As a poultry farmer I always search for this types of news and blog post related to poultry birds and poultry farming business. Really enjoyed your website writing.
6)I am knowledgeable about poultry farming due to my course of study at higher institution. But i must confess that your blog posts really equip me more. i want to start pullet rearing very soon which i also believe i need season consultant. i reside in Sango Ota, Ogun state. please can you link me up with a nearby consultant? Where can i get reliable point of lay since i am starting with 500 birds using battery cage system.
7)Honestly i do not know how to thank you enough.I applied the medications and there is some improvement.Thank you very much. Madam Ngozi(Kebbi State,Nigeria) 0806287925
8)Hello Mr.John The day i gave my chickens the drug stated in your chicken disease and vaccine report,the mortality stopped immediately. Thanks for your advice. email@example.com (Akwa Ibom State,Nigeria)
9) Thanks so much sir. The package is much more than the money . My prayer is that you and your family will never regret, amen. Oyeshinaabisoye@gmail.com (Ogun State,Nigeria)
10) Good day Mr Ayo. My name is Davies, i contacted you sometimes last year in regard to my poultry. Thanks for your advice and your blog has been really helpful to me and my wife. Well i am contacting you again, because i want to know the best place to get a good battery cage. (Davies427@yahoo.com)
The reports are as follows:
1) How to set up and operate a profitable poultry(layer)farm in Nigeria (A Beginner’s guide ). This is the main report and it comes with 10 self explanatory photos attached. Price is N2500.00
2)How to set up and operate a profitable broiler chicken farm (A Starter’s Guide). N1500.00.
3) The third report is titled ‘Compounded Feed Mix for layers& broilers and Mini Feed Mill (A Beginner’s Guide) For details, see post on Feed Plans & Costs. Price is N2000.00
4)The 4th report, recently updated February 2013, is a Cost of Operations analysis for set up of 1000 layers chicken farm and includes the following:
a) The food consumption of a layers chicken in kg from day old age to 56 days old
The food consumption of a layers chicken in kg from 57 days old to 140 days old
The food consumption level of a layers chicken in kg from day age 141 days to end of egg production
c) The cost and breakdown of equipment required to set up a 1000 bird layers farm
d) How to calculate the feeding cost on a daily, weekly and monthly basis.
e) The principles or rules guiding feeding in layers chickens
f) The principles that determine profitability in layers chickens. The cost of this report is N2000.00
5)The 5th report is Chicken Disease Control &Drug Administration Report which discusses the more common poultry diseases affecting chickens in Nigeria to watch out for(cause, symptoms, treatment &prevention). Also, a guide on vaccine administration from day 1 to end of lay. It is N2000.00
6) The 6th report is a valuable report which discuss the following details:
A)The factors to note before setting up a home backyard
B) The 22 major variables to take note of in poultry farming
C) How to address the loop in egg production that farm staff can exploit to your disadvantage
D) Other atrocities committed by farm staffs that can cause losses & preventive measures
E)Recommended places to get some poultry products and services.
The cost is N2000.00. If you are interested in layer farming, this 6th report is an essential, in addition to Report 1(layer report) and Report 4 above.
7) Report 7 is a Profitability Analysis for 12 months for a 1000 layers laid out on MS Excel format. It is similar to report 4 but is a more detailed analysis. See blog post 18 above titled ‘Profit Analysis for Starters’ for full details of the contents.It complements Report 4. This report 7 contains a broiler chicken profit analysis and cash flow for 12 months off egg production based on the layer analysis in the report. The cost is N3500.00 and is available under Option 3 below.
There is no duplication of the free content in the 30 blog posts, in any of the 7 reports above.You get value for your investment…Guaranteed.Already, you have benefited greatly even without the reports. This is additional discount attached to the over generous discounts given below.
In addition to the reports above are the following 5 IMPORTANT AND VALUABLE bonuses valued N20,000.00 given to you for FREE!
A) Picture Guide: A standard layout design of a poultry farm.
With this, no need troubling yourself about the layout of the farm buildings and facilities.
B) Picture Guide: A Brochure on poultry equipment(Automated Chicken Cage System included)
C) Picture Guide: A typical Poultry House measuring 100 ft by 80 ft that can contain 5000 birds deep litter system + estimated cost of construction/breakdown of materials required, from a chicken pen building company,Infinity Ventures.
D)Picture Guide: Dimensions for Arrangement of Battery Cages in the Chicken Pen
E)Picture Guide:Chicken Pen Layout design for a 4000-5000 capacity, battery cage system that can contain 4000-5000 birds (+ specific measurements)
F.Poultry Waste For Cash Report
I have done all that is necessary to make setting up easier for starters.This is the best offer that you can get anywhere. With what i have released on this blog in terms of free details in 30 loaded free posts + the 7 reports and the 6 bonuses, you have no reason to fail, if you are diligent and meticulous in application.I have more than spoon-fed you on this blog. With the details in these reports, you can set up your own farm without engaging a consultant.
For ordering & payment details,please visit the first blog post below dated 29.11.2010, titled ‘Poultry Farming in Nigeria:Basic Reports for Starters’.
Simply,make payment to First Bank a/c 2017277846 (JO & EL Ventures) and forward payment details(email address,name on deposit, deposit number, amount paid, name of report(s)) to 2348035978352. The reports are soft copies that will be sent to your email address. No hard copies, please. Do not request for hard copies!
However before you make the purchase, i advise that you digest all the posts on this blog before you make up your mind. For starters who may be interested in the reports,the options are as follows:
1)Pick any of the reports 1 to 6 at their stated prices.
The total cost of reports 1-6 is N12000.00 reduced to this level from N21000.00.The present N12000.00 is the summation of the individual prices.Basically, you need only Report 1,4 & 6 to set up a layers chicken business i.e N6500.00 for these 3 reports.
2) Pay N8500.00 for Report 1 to 6 in one order and get 5 bonuses A to E.In 2012 – August 2013, this package alone went for N16,000.00 and has been reduced to N8500.00 to encourage more blog followers to have them.
3) Pay N12,000.00 for Reports 1 to 7 in one order plus the bonuses A to F.
This is the 28th post on this poultry blog for the benefit of Nigerians interested in chicken farming business.You are advised to read,study and digest all the posts on this blog if you want to succeed in the business and do it without tears.
Here, i am discussing culling.I will also discuss a tested formulation that greatly reduces mortality in chickens.Culling is the removal of underdeveloped and unproductive chickens from the flock.
You see, a few chickens may not develop and you keep feeding them.Some may not produce eggs and you keep feeding them.What is the use? Are you not losing money? Culling enables you to identify them, remove them and keep them elsewhere in order to give them a chance to develop; or to sell them.
Anyway, the numbers affected is usually an insignificant proportion of the flock.So you may not bother because the result that you will get from 80 – 85 % of the flock is adequate to give you a good return on investment.For further details of the result you can get from 80% of the flock, consult the Cost Analysis Report on this blog.
There is a simple test you can conduct that enables you to identify a layers chicken the flock among that will not lay any eggs with a 90% accuracy.If a medical doctor can carry out tests that show that a woman is infertile and may not carry a baby in the womb,you can carry out a simple test that tells you a layers chicken will not lay any eggs.
The formula is to measure the distance between the lay-bones of the chicken. If it falls within a certain range of figures,it is certain with a 90 percent accuracy that the chicken will not lay any eggs.You can also measure the distance between the breast bone and the lay bones.If the figure falls within a specific range, it is also certain that the chicken will not lay any eggs. This exercise is rather too academic and not realistic to carry out where you have many chickens. Do not bother about it.It is not recommended as it is unnecessary.
Apart from the above stated tests,there are other ways to identify productive or unproductive layers chickens.Generally, a productive layers chicken will be lively, have a good weight, have lively and bright eyes.If you have a productive flock of layers chickens, their egg production will rise quickly to the peak of production and the peak production will be high and will be sustained for a period of weeks.
This is the 27th post on this poultry blog created for the benefit of Nigerians who are interested in poultry farming business and need the right guidance. If this is your motive, you have come to the right place. Endeavor to read all the posts on this blog if truly you are interested in the business.
If Jide Makinde in Ibadan, Usman Musa in Kano, Ifiok in Akwa Ibom, Lekan and Muyiwa in Lagos among others can come across this blog and set up a poultry farm based on the information acquired here, with smiles to show for it, then why cannot you do the same?
If you have done the business before and have cried your way out of it, here your cries will be converted to smiles, I assure you. All you need to do is to patiently digest every word(I mean,every word) in the 29 posts on this blog and write down the important points for application. If you have the opinion that the business does not work or cannot work, this blog proves you wrong. Read on!
In this post, i am discussing the factors that work the business. They are as follows:
Without money, you cannot do anything in this business and any livestock business. All the livestock businesses require money. This business is not one of those businesses that can be done without money.You need money to set up structures and to feed the chickens. But take note that your money is not what drives the business,though important. Many have burned their fingers badly who thought that money is everything the business needs.
You can use your money to even buy a mistake if you are knowledge deficient and no amount of money will correct the mistake. How one may use his money to buy a mistake has been discussed in the reports.This is one of the reasons the business is sensitive but the sensitivity is manageable.Do not be scared to come into it.How to avoid making mistakes has been discussed in all the posts and poultry reports on this blog.Money as important as it is takes only 10% of the equation.
Knowledge is the more(but not the most) important element that drives the business. What makes a poultry farmer excel above another is not the amount of money at his disposal but the wealth or quality of knowledge or information at the disposal of the farmer.
Some farmers, who set up on a big scale based on the availability of funds have crashed fatally. Take note that knowledge, not money, drives the business. This blog gives you much information about the business for free. It is certain that you cannot miss your way in the business, if you are diligent and meticulous in application.Knowledge takes 25% of the equation.
Having the money and the knowledge is not enough. Information is power but information is useless until you know it and can apply it. it is then that the power works for you. The Bible contains the truth that sets free. But it is when you read it and apply what you have read that it works in your life and sets you free. If you are ignorant of its contents,what will you apply and how will it set you free? It is written in Hosea 4:6 that ‘my people perish for lack of knowledge.’
If you have the knowledge but is careless in implementing that knowledge, then you will have useless stories to tell us about the business. In the chicken farming business, diligence (hard work) is important. The business is not for a lazy person. The farm staffs have to be up to the task because the chickens need a lot of attention. If you know that you are not ready to give them the attention required,or get capable and reliable hands to do what is required, please do not invest in it. Diligence takes 25% of the equation in the business.
Courage is important in the business. When one farmer started in the business, he was a total novice and it was not a smooth ride at all. He set out with a small flock of 250 chickens that were acquired from another farmer at about 10 weeks old. After a period of eight weeks rearing them, he began to lose them and over a period of four weeks, about 160 of them died. It was then he realized his many errors. I will give full details of that first failed venture in another post.
To cut the story short until another day, he came across a consultant who sat him down, pointed his many errors to him and taught him the way forward. He advised him to start all over again and that was what he did under the consultant’s guidance. The second attempt was successful. He did 200 day olds and lost less than 20 in 12 months.The man who tried and failed is an experienced person who is better and ahead of the one who is afraid to start.Do not be afraid to start.
Where does courage come in? It comes in when you have lost money and willing to start afresh all over again. When your efforts have gone down the drain, when hopes have been dashed, yet you are undaunted and willing to start again or refuse to quit. It takes courage to stay when you are not seeing the results that you are expecting.it takes courage to set up in an environment where all you hear is that the business is difficult or impossible.
Mr Jide Makinde (see his story below) was initially scared of the business based on the negatives he had been hearing. I encouraged him to take the risk.He did take the risk and he is in the business today.His farm is at Ibadan being managed by his wife. His contact address is available on this blog. When he set up, he acted based on only 2 reports that were then available on this blog.
Some have got all the 7 reports on this blog,yet are still afraid to set up even 100 chickens!.Someone who read all the 27 posts and got the 7 reports said she is seeking more knowledge.Good, but you do not need too much knowledge to set up.Get the basics,be confident and set up, but start small for a start like Jide and Usman did theirs. This business is not difficult. Have no fears.
If the farmer above who lost 160 birds out of 250 had chickened out as some do, he would have joined the league of failed farmers rubbishing the business. But because he did not back out and courageously tried again, he decoded the business and now knows what works and what does not work. Those who come in with a get-rich-quick mindset are the ones who give up too soon when they face a challenge. Courage takes 10%.
5) An Interest in Chickens
A sincere interest in chickens goes a long way in this business.You, the owner may have the money to set up but not the passion.What is business? In my understanding, business is the mobilization of humans and capital resources including cash and equipment for a profit motive.
An investor can invest in a terrain he has no passion in and still achieve success in it. To do that, he has to engage persons who have the interest.Why passion in chicken business? The way i understand this, it means having an interest in chickens;being at home with chickens;being comfortable in a chicken environment.
Some people are scared of chickens. Some cannot go too close to a chicken or cannot stand a chicken environment.Such are not fit for the business as farm attendants.If you are engaging farm attendants to work on your farm,give them a simple test.You must test those who will be in direct contact with the chickens,who will be working in the chicken pen. The test is in the Poultry Control Report on this blog.
if you engage a person who fails the test,the chickens will suffer as he is certainly unlikely to give them the required level of attention. Such staff may pretend in your presence (i.e. eye service) to be working, but in your absence, they will certainly not do their best.Interest in the chickens takes 15% of the equation in this business.
6) there is a 6th factor that takes the balance 15%. That will be discussed another day in another post
7) The 7th factor makes all the difference and can make or mar the business whether or not you have the other 6 factors working in your favor. This factor is unquantifiable and has no marks attached to it. It is your relationship with your maker,God the Father who created the heavens and the earth,the Alpha and the Omega of all things.
If God sees you as a wicked person as the Bible says in Psalms 7:11, how will your business prosper? Wicked persons in scripture are those persons who are living rebellious lives, against Scriptural guidelines. If you are such a person, how will your business prosper? We are alive today by His grace and by His mercy.Remember, it is not by our powers or prayers oh that we are alive today! Many who are more prayerful, more religious, holier than you etc have passed away and are no more.
Psalm 22:29 asks ‘Can any man keep himself alive? So, your life and the lives of the chickens are in God’s hands. We have no control over our lives and no one knows what will happen to him in the next hour, only God knows. It is better to maintain with God a pleasing relationship that can make us enjoy the many promises that he has for us in the Bible. In Deuteronomy 28:1-15, he has promised us many benefits that include long life and business success but based on conformity with His commandments. If your ways are crooked before God, make them straight quickly (Isaiah 40:4). Without conforming to God’s words, there is no true success anywhere in any life. The ball is in your court!
This is the 25th post on this poultry blog for the benefit of people especially Nigerians who wish to set up a chicken farming business which is one of the most viable businesses in Nigeria with a large and guaranteed market.
If you are a first timer on this blog,please read all the 23+ loaded free posts below that will make a big positive difference when you set up a poultry farm.On this informative blog you get the details required for free and cannot miss your way in the business if you can add diligence to the equation.
Testimonies have been coming in from some readers who courageously set up based on the resources on this blog.One of them,Mr Jide Makinde, based in Ibadan was published in one of the posts below.Another is Mr Musa Usman in Kano who set up with 514 layers and several others.Mr Usman’s comment in the Comments section of this blog is as follows:
Happy birthday Mr John. I would never forget your valuable advise and educative materials that really helped us in setting up our farm. For your information, at exactly sixth months today, our birds are still doing well with mortality rate at just 2.1% and producing the golden eggs. We would always be grateful to you.
Another blog reader,Mr Lekan (firstname.lastname@example.org) who got the reports sent the following mail to me recently:
‘I saw one of your mail where you asked if i had started my poultry farm. Thanks for the concern i started long ago August 2012 with 1000 birds and today we have 3500 birds.
I have the opinion that our oil wealth came much too early when Nigerians were yet to imbibe the spirit of accountability and hard work.As a result, agriculture was abandoned and today, what do we have to show for our 40+ years of oil resources?
Massive corruption,massive unemployment and a get-rich quick mentality! Agriculture alone can swallow our unemployment in this country.Countries like Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia that concentrated on agriculture have overtaken us economically.
I read on the net recently about how a Nigerian company was recruiting 100 graduates for their Graduate Truck Driver Scheme and about 10,000 graduates applied including 6 PhD holders! It shocked me to the bones that a PhD holder was ready to take to truck driving in the name of earning a salary.That is the product of failed minds,not a failed country.
It is time we go back to agriculture and stop roaming the streets looking for non-existing or elusive white collar jobs.One of the problems we have in this clime is that Nigerians do not want to start small even when there are no funds to start big.
Secondly, their reading culture is poor.A friend’s wife was rearing 50 cockerels last year and was having problems through series of errors.
I gave her one of my poultry books to read.The book was with her for weeks.It was obvious that she did not study it as she continued to complain of problems which solutions were in the book.Yet she was taking advice from someone else who was not well informed about the business.Today,the small farm is no more.
Thirdly is that the education that will transform and profit you must cost you something.There is no free lunch in Freetown.Those after free information often get the wrong one and make silly avoidable mistakes in the sensitive chicken farming business.Chicken farming is not recharge card business.Chicken farming is specialized information.
Weeks ago,a farmer in the Eastern part of Nigeria called to say that his chickens were dying in large numbers at about 4 weeks old.The cause was coccidiosis, a dreaded chicken disease, better prevented than cured.He, the owner was the problem. How? They were not changing the litter and in fact they did not change it for weeks!
He said that his farm adviser(consultant) did not tell him about litter management,so i learned from the discussion.He expected the farm attendants to know.If he, the farm owner did not know, how would the farm attendant know? Who gives instructions to the farm attendant?
If it was true,then the farm adviser erred by not letting them know about effective litter management to prevent coccidiosis.This farmer reads this blog where litter management has been discussed in one or two posts below.Diligence was missing and is a strong factor to success in this business.
It is one of the central messages of this blog that the farm owner should know much about the business before starting the farm.If you know,the better for you because it means that your staff or consultant cannot take you for a ride.I keep saying it that the farm owner should go the extra mile to get properly informed in the business.
There are about 30 detailed posts on this blog that teaches you what you should know in the business.I assure you that in these posts, you have what it takes to do the business well.
The 7 poultry reports on this blog are straight to the point,made as simple as 123, not those voluminous reports that often contain abstracts you cannot understand. Please visit the blog post below titled ‘Basic Reports for Starters’ dated 29.11.2010 for full content and details of the reports and how to access them.
You may not set up a farm now, maybe have an intention to do so in future, but may get the 6 poultry reports now.This is the best offer now that you can get these reports on this blog.
Report 7 is a profit & cost analysis for set up of 1000 layers chicken farm prepared on MS Excel Workbook.You may visit Post 18 below titled ‘Profitability Analysis for Starters’ for the contents of Report 7.It is the Excel Version of Report 4(Cost Analysis Report) but much more detailed. It contains a Broiler Profit Analysis as well.
This is the 24th post on this poultry blog for the benefit of starters especially Nigerians who are on the lookout for a business to do and need solid information about it.
Poultry farming is discussed on this informative blog and if you are here for the first time and really interested in chicken farming business,please read, study and digest all the 22+ posts below and above.
Do not invest a penny in the business until you have read all the posts on this blog!
I am discussing varying opinions in the business.There is a chicken farmer who was doing the business with about 2000 layers and who engaged 5 advisers. 5 advisers! That was a ridiculous thing to do.Fear of failure caused him to engage 5 consultants.To me, it is not sensible and is counter productive.One good consultant is good enough and too many cooks can spoil the broth.
I will state what i call ‘varying opinions’ but will not comment on the merits and demerits of all the system. They are:
1) The Feeding Plan
Some farmers feed the layer chickens once in day by pouring in all the feed for the day at once.Some feed the chickens twice daily(morning & afternoon) and others feed thrice(morning, afternoon& evening) daily.
2) Transition from Grower Mash to Layer Mash
When the chickens start to drop eggs, some farmers withdraw the growers mash immediately and convert to layers mash.Some wait till they are realizing 10% production before doing the conversion.Some wait till they get 50% egg production. Some base it on the number of weeks, not %. They just continue with the growers mash till about 26 weeks before conversion to layers mash.
3) Some farmers withdraw the growers mash all at once in one day. Some withdraw gradually by mixing 50% growers mash with 50% layers mesh for a few days, then 75%-25% for another period before full conversion to 100%.
I said earlier that i do not wish to comment on the merits and demerits of the opinions/systems.Those who apply them have their own reasons but results vary.However, i will comment on just one system.
The idea of pouring all the feed for the day in the feeders for the layers chickens, i think is not an excellent idea.You can do that for broilers, certainly not for layers especially in the laying phase because it can backfire.
When you pour in all the feed at once, you expose them chickens to excess feed and will over eat in the early hours. Excess feed in their body will be converted to excess fat which can block the egg sac and lead to decrease in egg production.
There are minimum and maximum feeding requirements for the feeding of layers chickens at any age which you must know.If you are just pouring in any amount of feed above the daily requirement and pouring all at once, you may do yourself harm in the business.
The chickens have an average daily feed requirement in grams which increases slightly as the chicken grows.The objective is not to overfeed or underfeed them.
Knowledge of the chickens appetite is important.If you feed them above the expected level, it indicates an error in farm management meaning that feed is being wasted and the farm bottom line will be affected.If you expose them to excess feed, they will eat it and it does not mean that they will lay more eggs then the normal requirement for the day.The farmer’s the looser!
Where the level of consumption is lower than expected levels,it could be an indicator to errors in farm management, nutritional deficiencies in the feed or diseases.
Knowing the daily requirement and spread it over two meal times(morning and afternoon) is a better option in my own personal opinion.Rationing the feed based on daily requirements is wise advise for wise farmers.
This is the 23rd post on this poultry blog set up to educate Nigerians especially the newbie seeking information about the business.I am introducing you to a viable but largely misunderstood business in Nigeria.
You are strongly advised to patiently read through all the 23+posts on this blog before you invest a penny in the business.It is in your own interest that you heed this advice!
On this blog, you get the full details that will guide you for absolutely free.This 22nd post may make no meaning to you until you have digested the 21 posts below.In this post,i am discussing some issues where some starters have had problems in the business.
A starter set out by building the chicken pen of his own imagination without first making a provision for the operational cost.At the end, he had no money left to set up the chickens and became stranded.The chicken pen was an unnecessary ‘flamboyant structure’ that gulped much money.
Before you set up a chicken farm, check your budget.Decide on the number of chickens to start with and get the operational cost of rearing them to maturity. The balance of your fund will determine the structures to be set up.The Cost Analysis Report on this blog teaches you the formulas to determine all that.
If the balance is not sufficient for structures, that means you have to adjust the number of chickens to start with or amend the plan for the structures.I advise that you set up a simple but durable chicken pen first, then when you have made money in the business, you can go for the costlier ‘flamboyant structures’ that flatter your ego. Let reason prevail over your excitement.Hear the truth:Chicken pen aesthetics increase cost of set up but not efficiency.
One of the major challenges in the business scaring away newbies is litter management or chicken waste evacuation.Do not be scared.That problem is manageable. Some chicken houses have a flat concrete floor on which the chicken droppings fall on directly. That is cheaper to construct but is an obsolete and poor system. The system of waste evacuation in this system is a tedious exercise. A better option will be what i call the “Gutter system’ i.e. building a gutter under the battery cages in the laying phases.
The chicken droppings from the battery cages will fall directly into the gutter below and accumulate there. You construct a pit like a soak away pit some meters away outside the pen and link the gutter to it through pipes.The pit has a round shape like a well.Connect a water tap to the gutter under the battery cages.
The gutter will have a gentle slope to the pit.That means getting a builder who understands drainage and can get it right.
At intervals, may be every day,every 2-3 days,every week, fortnightly or monthly, you flush the waste in the gutter into the pit outside.The pit outside may be about 40 feet deep but must be above water level.The gutter has specific measurements for its construction.
The pit may have a concrete slab on top with a hole through which you can pour a chemical element regularly to kill the odor and convert the waste to liquid which helps to sink it further down, that ensures it takes a much longer time to fill up the pit.You may process the chicken waste and sell it to crop farmers as manure.Poultry waste is the richest manure for crop farming and is one of the chicken farm revenue sources.
The sale of poultry waste is additional farm revenue. It is a smelling business but the money you earn from it does not smell, right? There are various ways to process the chicken waste business for money if you can stand the stress and can market it.A cement bag size of waste costs N100.00 to N150.00 in Lagos if you have 1000 layers, the earnings from sale of poultry manure is substantial residual income.
The gutter method described above, i assure you that no one in that environment will perceive any foul odour coming from the farm even if it is a neighborhood backyard farm. But this gutter system costs more to construct than the flat concrete floor system.A picture of the ‘gutter system’ is attached to the layer report on this blog. Visit the first post below titled ‘Basic Reports for Starters’ dated 29.11.2010 for details.
If you are a ‘big man with a big pocket’, you can set up the California Chicken Cage System which is 100 % automation. The feeding, watering and egg collection is automated.For 25000 chickens you need only 4 staffers to handle the farm. Even the waste evacuation is fully automated.You can buy in Nigeria or import it from abroad.
A company in Nigeria known as Facko Limited has them and you may contact them for the pictures and prices.They are in Lagos, accessible through Ijaiye-Ojokoro Bus Stop along Abeokuta Expressway in Lagos.Please note that i am not their agent and have no relationship with them but they are a well known and respected company to do business with.
If you need comprehensive poultry reports,please check one of the post on this blog titled ‘Basic Reports for Starters’ dated 29.11.2010. However,I assure you that with the free details in 20+ posts here, you have all the major details that guide you to confidently set up a chicken farm.
This blog discusses poultry farming business for the benefit of those Nigerians that are interested in it and need information about it.There are over 20 posts below discussing various aspects of the business. You are advised to digest all the posts if you want to avoid the pitfalls in the business. The business is sensitive though lucrative.
There are no taboos prohibiting the consumption of poultry products in Nigeria.The 150 million Nigerians consume poultry products in one form or the other.There are an estimated 20+ million households in Nigeria. My own household consumes a crate of eggs monthly and poultry meat for a minimum 12 days in a month.
Comparing the chicken market with the pork market in Nigeria, there are taboos affecting the pork market.The Muslim population do not eat pork being forbidden on religious grounds. Also Christians are forbidden from the consumption of pork and catfish.The book of Leviticus Chapter 11 verses 7 & 12 in the Holy Bible has the details.
However the pork business is big business in Nigeria despite the taboos affecting it but the market for pork is mainly in the South of Nigeria.You cannot set up a piggery in many parts of the North of Nigeria.One of its centers in Nigeria is the Okearo Pig Farm at Okearo City in Ogun State, reputed to be one of the largest pig farms in Africa where traders come to purchase pigs in lorry loads every week.
However, the chicken market is a far larger and guaranteed market without any cultural/religious restrictions or prohibitions affecting it all over Nigeria.You can set up a chicken farm in any part of Nigeria without having any troubled conscience as regards violating any religious or cultural taboos and you are sure of market patronage.
Comparing the chicken market with the catfish market, catfish is a hot delicacy in Nigeria too but the market for it is unlike the poultry market.However,the economic realities of the day makes many average or low income Nigerians see catfish as a luxury.
A kilogram of catfish costs N600.00 in Lagos, a price which many ordinary or low income Nigerians on the street cannot afford to consume regularly.A large segment of the populace,especially the low income class is not interested in catfish for regular consumption.
Then there are closer and cheaper substitutes to catfish such as the imported frozen fish (Kote, Shawa, Croaker & co) which the average Nigerian finds to be cheaper, that serves him longer. In fact, it is observed that many average or low income Nigerian families prefer to buy a kilo of frozen chicken meat for N600.00 that will last 2-3 days in the pot than to buy a kilo of catfish for N600.00 for just one meal.
So the catfish market is somewhat restricted or narrow compared to the chicken products market.Many Nigerians also prefer to buy a crate of eggs containing 30 eggs for N700.00/N800.00 that lasts for about 2 weeks, than to buy a kilo of catfish for N600.00 for just one meal.
Even if the households like mine do not consume eggs directly as boiled or fried in the home, we will consume it in other forms as there are many other uses to which chicken products can be applied. If i stop taking fried eggs, i will take it indirectly by through cakes and ice cream which has egg in it as an ingredient.That means if i do not buy eggs for consumption in my home,other businesses will buy them and i will still consume the eggs by buying their egg-based products.So eggs and chicken meat will always sell in Nigeria…Guaranteed!
For economic reasons, many Nigerians are not so keen about catfish and that implies a restricted market.Nevertheless, catfish business is big business too having its own potentials locally and especially for the export market.The chicken products market for eggs and poultry meat is not like the pork and catfish which makes the chicken business a better option for investors at any level of set up.
This blog contains 20+ posts for the benefit of starters in Nigeria interested in small chicken farming setup and who need some information about the business. If you are one, you are advised to patiently read all the posts on this blog from November 2010 to September 2013. Doing so,you will have a full grasp of the business,what it takes to do it before spending a penny on it.
In this post, i am discussing the market for poultry products.Nigeria has a population of 150 million and is grossly under provided in terms of proteins which is an essential food component for healthy living.
Statistics from the Federal Office of Statistics and Food & Agricultural Organization indicate that 2Kg of beef and 4kg of eggs are available to the average Nigerian yearly. That is about 11 grams of egg supply per day when compared with the global accepted recommendation that one person take an egg per day.
To address this protein problem, there is urgent need for massive production of protein based foods in Nigeria at prices that the average Nigerian can afford in view of the economic realities.
One of the avenues to achieve the goal is through poultry farming which constitutes chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, guinea fowls etc. The chickens constitute about 70% of the poultry population in Nigeria therefore the term ‘poultry farming’ is used generally to refer to chicken farming in Nigeria. The major poultry products are eggs and meat.
There is a high demand for poultry products in Nigeria during festivals such as Christmas, New Year, Easter, Id El Fitri, Id El Kabir and others.Fast foods operators, hotels, caterers, restaurants, supermarkets are also major outlets.
Eggs have a variety of uses apart from the household consumption.It is used in the preparation of chicken burger, scotch eggs, salad, baked foods, hair shampoo,ice creams, custard, beverages, snacks and cakes etc. Other outlets include hawkers, retail stores,roadside breakfast canteens,boarding hostels and individuals and many other channels.
The bulk supply of eggs comes from small farmers who operate largely home backyard farms containing small holdings of about 100 to 1000 chickens.However, there are big players such as Animal Care Konsult,Obasanjo Farms,CHI Farms, Amo Sanders, Choice Farms,Sambawa Farms, Arewa Farms, UAC Foods and Zartech Limited and others that cannot be listed here.Nevertheless, supply is still lower than demand.Therefore, the egg market is essentially a seller’s market in Nigeria.
This is the 20th post on this informative poultry blog set up to educate Nigerians about the potentials in chicken farming.If you are here for the first time, please digest all the 20 + posts below and learn all the important facts that will make a big difference when you set up a chicken farm.
On this blog, starters will learn much about:
1) Setting up a layers chicken farm
2) Setting up a broilers chicken farm
3) Costing Analysis for set up of a chicken farm
4) Feed cost analysis
5) Feed Mix analysis
6) Chicken medication and disease control
7) Errors to avoid in the business
8) Important factors to note to do well in it
9) The nature of the market for poultry products
10) Many other details, if you can patiently read through all the posts below.
I wish to discuss the nature of the market for chicken products by comparing it with the market for catfish which Nigerians are highly interested in too but which has burned the hands of many,badly.
For poultry products such as eggs, the market in Nigeria is ready made, large and guaranteed.The demand for eggs is always above the supply and there is always room for a new entrant coming into the layers chicken farming business either at any level of start up.
Rear layers for egg production and it is assured that you will sell without stress.The customers will find their way to your door to buy.Rear broilers and cockerels for meat production, you will sell with the right market and timing strategy.Chicken farming is one of the most viable businesses to do in today’s Nigeria.
For the catfish farming business,the market is not as large.The market is somewhat narrower
Many Nigerians are in the poverty index and to them, catfish is a luxury.There are close and cheaper substitutes for catfish.A kilo of table size catfish costs N600.00 which a family of five will consume in one day.Many average or low income families prefer to buy frozen fish( eg Kote, Shawa, Croaker etc) which are far cheaper and last longer in their soup pot than catfish.
A kilo of Kote frozen fish is N400.00 and a kilo of Shawa frozen fish is N300.00 in Lagos. N600 worth of Kote frozen fish or Shawa frozen fish will serve a family of five for 2-3 days. A kilo of frozen(smuggled) chicken is N600.00 and can last up to 3 days too for an average family of five persons.
It is an undeniable fact that many average income Nigerian families prefer to buy a crate of eggs containing 30 eggs for N700.00 that takes 2 weeks to consume, than to buy a kilo of catfish for N600.00 that takes just one day.
You can see why this class of Nigerians who are in the majority cannot be interested in catfish for financial reasons.This means that a large segment of the population have been cut off, or have cut themselves off, from the market for catfish.
The majority of the fish farmers in Nigeria are small operators who stock few hundreds to few thousand fish in backyard concrete ponds.Many of them are totally ignorant of where the markets for fish are and the only market they know is the local market where they all go to look for buyers.The result is too many producers,too much fish, too few buyers and an obviously saturated local fish market.
The fish mongers who are the main buyers in the local markets exploit these farmers.Many of them are not catfish farmers, therefore may not know what it takes to rear a fish. They buy for resale and know the nature of the market and offer prices that may be lower than the farmer’s production costs because of the saturation.
The farmer may be desperate to sell in order to avoid increasing costs of production which will arise when he continues to feed matured fish that cannot be sold quickly.If he cuts corners to save cost by reducing the feed, the fish will depreciate in size. This is where the frustration starts.
Either way, this small operator is likely to make a loss or a profit margin too low.The fish mongers take advantage of the hapless farmers who do not know of any alternative market, by dictating the selling price to the farmer.
There are some large scale fish producers and large scale fish buyers as well who they know where their market is, but which the small backyard operators have no access to because they do not have the financial muscle.Egg is widely consumed by all categories of people irrespective of income levels. It is a highly sought after commodity in Nigeria.
Also, chicken for meat is widely consumed in Nigeria, much more than catfish. Visit frozen stores in any locale and ask for their rate of turnover in the sales of frozen chicken.Therefore,it can reasonably be inferred that the market for chicken products is far better than for catfish.The fact that frozen chicken is massively smuggled into Nigeria is an indication that there is a wide gap in the market to be filled.
In November 2012, i visited the office of a large poultry farm in Lagos to make inquiries for one of this blog’s readers who wanted to set up an egg supply business.When i got there, the farm office was filled up with thousands of crates of eggs which had recently come in from the farm and a large number of female customers were busy paying for the eggs so i had to wait to see the officials.
Within an hour, all the eggs were purchased and moved away by the customers whose minimum purchase order is 50 crates.Not a single crate was left behind unsold.That is how the market for chicken products looks like.I was told by the officials that the farm had enough customers already and could not take new ones until February 2013.
That is my own opinion as i see it.I have always advised that people go for chicken farming especially layers farming.It may be challenging like fish farming, but at the end of the day, you are assured that a market is ready, waiting to buy your produce, without stressing you further.
If you wish to do chicken farming, please read all the blog posts below for free but valuable details that will benefit you.
If you wish to do fish farming and do it well,please do a thorough market analysis and be sure of the market before you do it.Do not sit in your bedroom and be listening to sweet tongued consultants who tell you to stock 5000 fish and earn N3million in 6 months.
Secondly, go join the Lagos State Catfish Farmers Association at the Ministry of Agriculture Development Authority at Oko Oba in Lagos.Attend their meetings.You get to know where other markets to sell your fish at higher prices are.You get to know other lucrative markets and how to pool resources with other members to access them.They have eliminated fish mongers out of the picture completely.
You also get to know about the export market and how to pool resources with others to access it.Also, you get to know how to add value to the fish through processing. That is my candid advice if you are interested in catfish farming,about how to get better prices for your effort and avoid the fish mongers in the local markets.
Joining the association before you set up your fish farm is wise advise for its many benefits especially the exposure to other markets.If you are an existing fish farmer yet to join,you may do so even if you have only 200 fish in your pond.
The Chicken business is the better preferred option in today’s Nigeria.No doubts about it!
There are 20+ detailed posts below on chicken farming business on this blog for starters in Nigeria seeking for information and guidance.All the information required to achieve success in the business is available on this blog if you can patiently read all the posts on the blog.Before calling for further details,please digest the 20 posts.
In this post,I wish to narrate the sad experience of three Nigerians who sent distress calls to me recently regarding their poultry farms.
1) Mr A(real names withheld) is based in Abeokuta in South West Nigeria. He set up a 700 chicken farm.He engaged a veterinary personnel to manage the chickens’ health which was a good step.The chickens were acquired at age 14 weeks old from another farm by the vet.After age 22 weeks, the chickens were yet to commence egg production which became a cause for concern that led to the distress call.By age 30 weeks and above, the chickens production was 11 crates daily which was a poor performance from 700 chickens at that age.
The mistakes made were many and included the following as major:
a) The chickens were acquired from a vendor of a doubtful reputation.It was obvious that the chickens were not healthy at the point of purchasing them.Therefore, the agent who went to buy them was not competent in his business who avoided or did not know the recommended sources and went to buy from some backyard vendor.
b) The vet was not resident in Abeokuta but in another city over 60 kms away. The starter farmer is to blame for this error for not engaging a vet within the city where the farm was.And for not engaging a competent vet for health administration. Your farm vet must not be too far away and should be able to be available on demand as promptly as possible.
c) When the chickens were performing poorly, the vet advised this farmer to increase water supply to the chickens as a measure to boost egg production.It was a most ridiculous suggestion that confirmed that the vet did not advise this farmer properly. On no account should water intake be restricted.
The suggestion did not solve the problem.While the problem lasted, the ‘vet’ could not decode the problem.
d) This farmer was a total novice when he started.He sought no knowledge before starting, was ignorant of the basics but set up because he had the money and thought that was what the business needed.He did not even know what to expect in terms of egg production at various ages of the chickens.If he had known the basic details, he would have known that the water suggestion made by the vet was a spurious suggestion.If you need to know the basics, beyond the 22+ posts on this blog, you may get the 6 poultry reports on this blog.To access them, visit the post below titled ‘Basic Reports for Starters’ dated 29.11.2010.The 6 reports are an investment worth it. Ignorance is a heavier price tag!
e) Then the farmer panicked along the line by abruptly changing the chicken feed from Top feeds to a self milled feed of doubtful formulation.Then the egg production nosedived to 8 crates daily which worsened the problem.The feed was changed without appropriate consultation from an animal nutritionist or poultry consultant.
f) Eventually, the chickens were sold off and the farm was closed down at a loss of N500k.A disastrous outing caused by crass ignorance and a typical penny-wise,pound-foolish mentality. The Layer Chickens Report on this blog contains the information that addresses his problems.Failure to pay for knowledge from the right sources for as low as N5000.00 led to a loss of the colossal sum of N500k!
By failing to heed advice given to him to start all over again, this farmer has now joined the league of failed farmers who go about talking rubbish about the chicken farming business to discourage others.What i find unfortunate is that his listeners will not know that he was the problem, not the business.
2)The second man is an employee in Lagos who has the money but no time for the chicken farming business.He had zero knowledge too and did not bother to acquire any form of knowledge.He was invited into it by a neighbor who has a poultry farm.He gave his neighbor farmer the money for purchase and rearing of 1000 layers chickens from day old status to maturity which was done.The chickens were reared on the neighbor’s farm.
But the problem was that by the age of over 8 months,according to him, that the 1000 chickens were not laying any eggs.He then discovered that the neighbor farmer had been underfeeding the chickens apart from other anomalies which affected them.He placed his trust in the wrong person,who misappropriated the funds and he did not know how to monitor his investment.
3) The third starter farmer has 100 layer chickens. He began to give them layers mash from age 16 weeks when he had not seen a single egg laid.That was too early and a dangerous error and against the rules. At over 22 weeks, no egg production according to him. Giving layers mash too early is like having intercourse with a 9 year old girl whose womb is yet to develop.There are rules to follow that guide the introduction of layers mesh.
If you are a starter,it is wise to avoid the above stated errors.Get the basic information.The sensitivity of the business requires starting out with the right details.