Archive for the ‘poultry farming in nigeria’ Tag
Poultry Business in Nigeria: Why You Should Consider This Blog for The Poultry Business
This is an informative poultry blog set up mainly for Nigerians interested in the right information to do well in small poultry farming business in Nigeria. If you are looking for a viable small business to do and need solid details, create the time to read this highly acclaimed poultry blog where John Ayodele shares his knowledge and experience.
You must pay attention to this blog for the following reasons:
- It is the most informative poultry blog containing unique details, set up for Nigerians.
- The poultry business is one of the most viable businesses in Nigeria. Poultry production is increasing and will continue to grow. The demand for eggs is above the supply in Nigeria. Nigeria is the number 1 egg producing country in Africa but demand is ahead of supply.The market is moving towards poultry meat processing.The potentialities in the poultry sector in Nigeria are vast and anyone can cash in at micro,small,medium,large or mega levels.There is money to be made in this sector.
- This blog’s resources have benefited not a few Nigerians who have acted and set up chicken farms based on the information acquired here. To view some of the published testimonies, click the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-MD or copy the links and paste on your browser,or read the article immediately below this post.
- This blog contains about 36 educative and informative articles, accessible for free, which makes a difference between success and failure in the chicken farming business. To access the links to the top 10 posts or the most patronized posts, click on…http://wp.me/p11ziB-Ip
- The poultry reports (8 in number) on this blog are the best in terms of cost and content for a starter. Get details in the post directly below this.
- If you can read this blog, one fact is certain: you cannot miss your way if you can act on the information on this blog, provided you are diligent and meticulous in applying the guidelines.
- There are 36 comprehensively loaded articles on this blog for free reading. Read as many of them them or read all.
- All the essential aspects of the business which include medication,feasibility,costing & profit analysis,feeding analysis and others are extensively discussed in the 36 blog posts and 8 poultry reports.
In this post, I am presenting one of the related viable money making opportunities in the poultry industry. Frozen poultry is massively imported into Nigeria via smuggling routes. This item is contraband in the Import Prohibition List which you can confirm from the Nigerian Customs Service Website.
The fact that it is smuggled and massively consumed indicates that there is a wide gap in the local market that needs to be bridged. But the product is considered poisonous because a chemical known as formalin, normally used to preserve corpses is used to preserve the imported frozen poultry to keep it fresh till it gets to the Nigerian consumer. Formalin is a cancer causing chemical capable of causing liver and kidney diseases. Therefore, it is a dangerous chemical unsafe for human consumption. Since the day i learned of this formalin,i stopped buying imported frozen poultry.
Nigerians prefer frozen poultry for a number of reasons that border on convenience:
- It saves them the stress of slaughtering live chickens and processing them for consumption. Some are really scared of slaughtering an animal.
- Frozen poultry is easily accessible as frozen food stores exist in every residential area in Nigeria.
- Imported frozen chicken is cheaper than local frozen poultry, but more unsafe for consumption where dangerous chemicals have been used to preserve it. The local frozen poultry is more nutritious and safer but costlier. Imported frozen poultry is costlier in the long run if we consider the likely medical bills treating cancer, liver and kidney ailments that may result from consuming formalin used to preserve the product.
There is nothing bad with frozen poultry if it is properly preserved without dangerous chemicals and if it spends not longer than 6 months in the store. As a potential investor, where do you come in? You have 2 options as follows:
1) Set up a poultry farm to breed your own chickens, process them into locally produced frozen poultry and market to the consumers. For effective farm set up, read this blog.
2) Buy live chickens from farmers and process into frozen poultry for the consumers.
To invest in local frozen poultry business, you need to invest in slaughtering and De-feathering machinery, packaging and storage facilities as well as marketing strategies to convince the ignorant Nigerian to patronize your costlier, but safer and more nutritious local frozen chicken. The imported but dangerous frozen poultry costs about N700.00/kilo while the safer to consume local frozen poultry costs about N1600.00.
This is a viable money making idea for Nigerians especially the foreign based ones seeking for viable businesses to set up in Nigeria. Home based Nigerians looking for what to do in retirement can also consider this business. The unemployed Nigerian graduate, who can put on his thinking cap, can also set up in this business, starting small.
Some facts are sure: Nigeria has no business importing frozen poultry which can easily be produced at home to provide employment and create wealth for her citizens. Nigeria has no business importing poisonous poultry meat that increase the numbers of cancer, liver and kidney patients in the long run.
The market is shifting to local frozen meat processing as there is a huge gap to bridge in the market.Do your research to confirm what i am saying here and set up if you can.The local frozen meat production is the business of the future for foresighted investors who can key into it now.
This is another of the 35 unique posts on this highly acclaimed poultry blog set up for the benefit of Nigerians interested in small chicken farming business and who need to have the right details.If you are a Nigerian and seeking for the information that works in the business, then you are welcome to http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com.
On January 15 2014,i wrote a post titled ‘Poultry Farming in Nigeria:The Way Forward in 2014. Click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Jk for details. I received the mail below from Mr Micheal,a UK based Nigerian who used this blog resources to set up a 2200 layers chicken farm in the Ikorodu axis in Lagos State in Nigeria.He wrote:
Good day Mr Ayodele,
How are you today and hope all is well with you and the family?
I just want to inform you about the good news with regards to my poultry which started operation in November 2013. Also to thank you for all the advice you gave before I started the poultry. May God continue to bless you and increase your wisdom, in the poultry industry.
I started with 2244 day old chicks and till date , we only have 23 mortality which I’m so happy about. The chickens will be put in the cage next week and hope fully will soon start laying the golden eggs. Although its cash intensive but it is worth it, if it’s done properly because it needs somebody that is very hard working and ready to put in the effort.
Once again a big thank you for your advice and also the poultry reports were very useful for a new comer like me. I will send some pictures to show the development from day old chicks to now.
That is the mail from Mr Michael,a UK based Nigerian who has taken the bull by the horns based on the information which he got from this informative blog.He got six poultry reports in 2012. The reports have since been expanded to include Reports 7 & 8 as well as Bonus 6 which Mr Michael does not have.And the present bundle of 8 reports and 6 bonuses now come at a cheaper cost than what Mr Michael paid for the previous bundle of 6 reports & 5 bonuses.
He actually paid for 2200 chickens and was given 44 extra.For every 50,you get 1 extra.So the loss of 23 is within the extra 44.As far as i know, he has not lost any since the 2200 are intact. If you are one of the UK based Nigerians interested in the business,what are you waiting for? if Mr.Michael can do it,why cant you? He is still resident in the UK and his farm is in Lagos.
For the link to the 8 Poultry Reports & 6 Bonuses, click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Ca
For the link to the top 10 or the most patronized posts on this blog,click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Ip
But do not stop there.
Read and digest all the 35 free posts.The 8 reports & 6 bonuses are a must have, but the 35 free posts are a must read if you want to know the business to make a difference.On the basis of the 35 posts,you have adequate guides to confidently set up and do well in the business. But you have to create the time to read this blog because some of the posts are lengthy.To get gold,you have to dig deep into the soil.Therefore,you have to dig deep on this blog to hit the oil.
This is one of the 35 posts on this highly acclaimed,informative poultry blog set up for Nigerians interested in poultry farming business,who need the right information that will set them on the right path,with minimum upset and with smiles on their faces.If you are new here,i advise you to create the time and the patience to read,study and digest all the posts on this blog if you are a Nigerian really interested in chicken farming business.
Poultry Farming is one of the viable businesses that anyone can do starting at a small scale.It is true that many of the unemployed Nigerians have no access to capital required to set up a business.It is true that some of the commercial banks are not willing to finance agricultural ventures especially chicken farming.
A bank known as the Bank of Agriculture,owned by the Federal Government of Nigeria is giving out loans to genuine farmers who can prove their genuineness.The F.G.N has provisioned N200 Billion as loans to farmers and the steps to access the loan are straight forward if you are a genuine person with genuine intentions.If you are an unemployed Nigerian graduate looking for paid employment,pay attention to this post and take a step of faith to key into it.
The steps to obtain the loan are as follows:
1) Locate the office of the Bank of Agriculture that covers the area or local government area where your farm is situated and open an account with the bank with a minimum deposit of N3000.00
2) For the ‘Know Your Customer’ (KYC) requirements, you must present your NEPA Bill which confirms your place of residence + any of the approved means of identification such as International Passport, Drivers License, National Identity Card or Voters Registration Card.
3) Other requirements are:
Complete and signed account form
Complete and signed mandate card
Present 4 passport photographs of yourself
4) You must run and operate the account for at least 3 -6months before applying for the loan. Do not think that you can just open the account, abandon it and show up after 6 months for the loan. The loan is not the usual national cake and the bank, newly repositioned, is not fooled. If you play that old game, the bank will doubt your integrity and commitment to repay the loan if granted and that means you may not get it.
Running and operating the loan means that you make it an active account. This means making sure that you save money and withdraw from the account on a regular basis. The bank wants to see that there are transactions going on in the account. Therefore, you should make regular deposits and withdrawals on the account during the 6 month period to create an active relationship that makes the bank have confidence in you.
5) You must have an existing farm, at a fixed location and the farm must have its record of operations and activities on a daily basis neatly kept. The era of armchair farmers/political farmers/farms of no fixed address/classroom farmers are over. The bank will visit your farm for inspection when you apply for the loan.
6) The bank will check what you have on ground; see how far you have gone; what the loan is required for, and ensure that the loan is appropriate for what it is required. The bank wants to know whether you have an adequate knowledge of your area of farming business. You must be able to demonstrate the practical hands-on experience in your area of farming. The bank wants to know whether you have a project you are working on and the fund requirements. And within a month of the inspection, the loan will be approved if the bank is satisfied.
You can obtain a loan of N250,000.00 from the Bank of Agriculture without any collateral.With this amount,you can set up a small backyard chicken business that will pay more than the elusive salary job you are seeking. Some graduates earn N15,000.00 monthly in the name of earning a salary.What a pity!I will show you how to go about setting up a small chicken business with as low as N250,000.00.
One Mr Christopher,a graduate based in Akwa Ibom State,following this blog, started with 87 day old broilers and with a budget of N70,000.00. He lost only 3 of them and sold the remaining 84 at 7 weeks old for N1000.00 each. He made a neat profit.He is now looking for land to buy to do it on a larger scale.
What are you waiting for?
Get the location ready and put it into preparation before inviting the bank for inspection.
Then, go open an account with the Bank of Agriculture and operate it as required for at least 6 months.Make an estimate of the farm’s fund requirements and get it ready before applying for the loan.
If you need an idea about the funding requirements to set up a small chicken farm, the poultry reports on this blog has the full details.To access the reports,click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Ca
To have an idea how the majority of chicken farmers set up backyard farms,
click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Dp
For the link to the top 10 or the most patronized posts on this blog,
click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Ip
Do not be discouraged if you are not a farmer already or do not have a farm.Take steps to set up one by getting all the information required as a 1st step.You must demonstrate that you have genuine intentions.First,have an adequate knowledge of the business.In view of this you are advised to read all the posts on this blog. Then open the account,operate it as required and apply for the loan based on the funding requirements.
An average unemployed Nigerian graduate deceives himself,carries an expensive mobile phone,has the money to spend at an eatery with his girlfriend,has the money and time to write countless applications for non-existing salaried jobs but has no money to pay peanuts for the information that will turn his fortunes around.There is a price tag and an opportunity cost to everything in life.
This is the 28th post on this poultry blog for the benefit of Nigerians interested in chicken farming business.You are advised to read,study and digest all the posts on this blog if you want to succeed in the business and do it without tears.
Here, i am discussing culling.I will also discuss a tested formulation that greatly reduces mortality in chickens.Culling is the removal of underdeveloped and unproductive chickens from the flock.
You see, a few chickens may not develop and you keep feeding them.Some may not produce eggs and you keep feeding them.What is the use? Are you not losing money? Culling enables you to identify them, remove them and keep them elsewhere in order to give them a chance to develop; or to sell them.Culling is an essential activity in the business.
Anyway, the numbers affected is usually an insignificant proportion of the flock.So you may not bother because the result that you will get from 80 – 85 % of the flock is adequate to give you a good return on investment.For further details of the result you can get from 80% of the flock, consult the Cost Analysis Report on this blog.
There is a simple test you can conduct that enables you to identify a layers chicken the flock among that will not lay any eggs with a 90% accuracy.If a medical doctor can carry out tests that show that a woman is infertile and may not carry a baby in the womb,you can carry out a simple test that tells you a layers chicken will not lay any eggs.
The formula is to measure the distance between the lay-bones of the chicken. If it falls within a certain range of figures,it is certain with a 90 percent accuracy that the chicken will not lay any eggs.You can also measure the distance between the breast bone and the lay bones.If the figure falls within a specific range, it is also certain that the chicken will not lay any eggs. This exercise is rather too academic and not realistic to carry out where you have many chickens. Do not bother about it.It is not recommended as it is unnecessary.
Apart from the above stated tests,there are other ways to identify productive or unproductive layers chickens.Generally, a productive layers chicken will be lively, have a good weight, have lively and bright eyes.If you have a productive flock of layers chickens, their egg production will rise quickly to the peak of production and the peak production will be high and will be sustained for a period of weeks.
This is the 27th post on this poultry blog created for the benefit of Nigerians who are interested in poultry farming business and need the right guidance. If this is your motive, you have come to the right place. Endeavor to read all the posts on this blog if truly you are interested in the business.
If Jide Makinde in Ibadan, Usman Musa in Kano, Ifiok in Akwa Ibom, Lekan and Muyiwa in Lagos among others can come across this blog and set up a poultry farm based on the information acquired here, with smiles to show for it, then why cannot you do the same?
If you have done the business before and have cried your way out of it, here your cries will be converted to smiles, I assure you. All you need to do is to patiently digest every word(I mean,every word) in the 29 posts on this blog and write down the important points for application. If you have the opinion that the business does not work or cannot work, this blog proves you wrong. Read on!
In this post, i am discussing the factors that work the business. They are as follows:
Without money, you cannot do anything in this business and any livestock business. All the livestock businesses require money. This business is not one of those businesses that can be done without money.You need money to set up structures and to feed the chickens. But take note that your money is not what drives the business,though important. Many have burned their fingers badly who thought that money is everything the business needs.
You can use your money to even buy a mistake if you are knowledge deficient and no amount of money will correct the mistake. How one may use his money to buy a mistake has been discussed in the reports.This is one of the reasons the business is sensitive but the sensitivity is manageable.Do not be scared to come into it.How to avoid making mistakes has been discussed in all the posts and poultry reports on this blog.
Knowledge is also an important element that drives the business. What makes a poultry farmer excel above another is not the amount of money at his disposal but the wealth or quality of knowledge or information at the disposal of the farmer and ability to implement it.
Some farmers, who set up on a big scale based on the availability of funds have crashed fatally. Take note that knowledge, not money, drives the business. This blog gives you much information about the business for free. It is certain that you cannot miss your way in the business, if you are diligent and meticulous in application.
Having the money and the knowledge is not enough. Information is power but information is useless until you know it and can apply it. it is then that the power works for you. The Bible contains the truth that sets free. But it is when you read it and apply what you have read that it works in your life and sets you free. If you are ignorant of its contents,what will you apply and how will it set you free? It is written in Hosea 4:6 that ‘my people perish for lack of knowledge.’
If you have the knowledge but is careless in implementing that knowledge, then you will have useless stories to tell us about the business. In the chicken farming business, diligence (hard work) is important. The business is not for a lazy person. The farm staffs have to be up to the task because the chickens need a lot of attention. If you know that you are not ready to give them the attention required,or get capable and reliable hands to do what is required, please do not invest in it.
Courage is important in the business. When one farmer started in the business, he was a total novice and it was not a smooth ride at all. He set out with a small flock of 250 chickens that were acquired from another farmer at about 10 weeks old. After a period of eight weeks rearing them, he began to lose them and over a period of four weeks, about 160 of them died. It was then he realized his many errors. I will give full details of that first failed venture in another post.
To cut the story short until another day, he came across a consultant who sat him down, pointed his many errors to him and taught him the way forward. He advised him to start all over again and that was what he did under the consultant’s guidance. The second attempt was successful. He did 200 day olds and lost less than 20 in 12 months.The man who tried and failed is an experienced person who is better and ahead of the one who is afraid to start.Do not be afraid to start.
Where does courage come in? It comes in when you have lost money and willing to start afresh all over again. When your efforts have gone down the drain, when hopes have been dashed, yet you are undaunted and willing to start again or refuse to quit. It takes courage to stay when you are not seeing the results that you are expecting.it takes courage to set up in an environment where all you hear is that the business is difficult or impossible.
Mr Jide Makinde (see his story below) was initially scared of the business based on the negatives he had been hearing. I encouraged him to take the risk.He did take the risk and he is in the business today.His farm is at Ibadan being managed by his wife. His contact address is available on this blog. When he set up, he acted based on only 2 reports that were then available on this blog.
Some have got all the 7 reports on this blog,yet are still afraid to set up even 100 chickens!.Someone who read all the 27 posts and got the 7 reports said she is seeking more knowledge.Good, but you do not need too much knowledge to set up.Get the basics,be confident and set up, but start small for a start like Jide and Usman did theirs. This business is not difficult. Have no fears.
If the farmer above who lost 160 birds out of 250 had chickened out as some do, he would have joined the league of failed farmers rubbishing the business. But because he did not back out and courageously tried again, he decoded the business and now knows what works and what does not work. Those who come in with a get-rich-quick mindset are the ones who give up too soon when they face a challenge.
5) An Interest in Chickens
A sincere interest in chickens goes a long way in this business.You, the owner may have the money to set up but not the passion.What is business? In my understanding, business is the mobilization of humans and capital resources including cash and equipment for a profit motive.
An investor can invest in a terrain he has no passion in and still achieve success in it. To do that, he has to engage persons who have the interest.Why passion in chicken business? The way i understand this, it means having an interest in chickens;being at home with chickens;being comfortable in a chicken environment.
Some people are scared of chickens. Some cannot go too close to a chicken or cannot stand a chicken environment.Such are not fit for the business as farm attendants.If you are engaging farm attendants to work on your farm,give them a simple test.You must test those who will be in direct contact with the chickens,who will be working in the chicken pen. The test is in the Poultry Control Report on this blog.
if you engage a person who fails the test,the chickens will suffer as he is certainly unlikely to give them the required level of attention. Such staff may pretend in your presence (i.e. eye service) to be working, but in your absence, they will certainly not do their best.
6) The 6th factor makes all the difference and can make or mar the business whether or not you have the other 5 factors working in your favor. This factor is unquantifiable. It is your relationship with your maker,God the Father who created the heavens and the earth,the Alpha and the Omega of all things.
If God sees you as a wicked person as the Bible says in Psalms 7:11, how will your business prosper? Wicked persons in scripture are those persons who are living rebellious lives, against Scriptural guidelines. If you are such a person, how will your business prosper? We are alive today by His grace and by His mercy.Remember, it is not by our powers or prayers oh that we are alive today! Many who are more prayerful, more religious, holier than you etc have passed away and are no more.
Psalm 22:29 asks ‘Can any man keep himself alive? So, your life and the lives of the chickens are in God’s hands. We have no control over our lives and no one knows what will happen to him in the next hour, only God knows. It is better to maintain with God a pleasing relationship that can make us enjoy the many promises that he has for us in the Bible. In Deuteronomy 28:1-15, he has promised us many benefits that include long life and business success but based on conformity with His commandments. If your ways are crooked before God, make them straight quickly (Isaiah 40:4). Without conforming to God’s words, there is no true success anywhere in any life. The ball is in your court!
This is the 25th post on this poultry blog for the benefit of people especially Nigerians who wish to set up a chicken farming business which is one of the most viable businesses in Nigeria with a large and guaranteed market.
If you are a first timer on this blog,please read all the 30+ loaded free posts below that will make a big positive difference when you set up a poultry farm.On this informative blog you get the details required for free and cannot miss your way in the business if you can add diligence to the equation.
Testimonies have been coming in from some readers who courageously set up based on the resources on this blog.One of them,Mr Jide Makinde, based in Ibadan was published in one of the posts below.Another is Mr Musa Usman in Kano who set up with 514 layers and several others.Mr Usman’s comment in the Comments section of this blog is as follows:
Happy birthday Mr John. I would never forget your valuable advise and educative materials that really helped us in setting up our farm. For your information, at exactly sixth months today, our birds are still doing well with mortality rate at just 2.1% and producing the golden eggs. We would always be grateful to you.
Another blog reader,Mr Lekan (email@example.com) who got the reports sent the following mail to me recently:
‘I saw one of your mail where you asked if i had started my poultry farm. Thanks for the concern i started long ago August 2012 with 1000 birds and today we have 3500 birds.
I have the opinion that our oil wealth came much too early when Nigerians were yet to imbibe the spirit of accountability and hard work.As a result, agriculture was abandoned and today, what do we have to show for our 40+ years of oil resources?
Massive corruption,massive unemployment and a get-rich quick mentality! Agriculture alone can swallow our unemployment in this country.Countries like Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia that concentrated on agriculture have overtaken us economically.
I read on the net recently about how a Nigerian company was recruiting 100 graduates for their Graduate Truck Driver Scheme and about 10,000 graduates applied including 6 PhD holders! It shocked me to the bones that a PhD holder was ready to take to truck driving in the name of earning a salary.That is the product of failed minds,not a failed country.
It is time we go back to agriculture and stop roaming the streets looking for non-existing or elusive white collar jobs.One of the problems we have in this clime is that Nigerians do not want to start small even when there are no funds to start big.
Secondly,their reading culture is poor. The knowledge that will improve your life is buried in books.
Thirdly is that the education that will transform and profit you must cost you something.There is no free lunch in Freetown.Those after free information often get the wrong one and make silly avoidable mistakes in the sensitive chicken farming business.Chicken farming is not recharge card business.Chicken farming is specialized information.
Weeks ago,a farmer in the Eastern part of Nigeria called to say that his chickens were dying in large numbers at about 4 weeks old.The cause was coccidiosis, a dreaded chicken disease, better prevented than cured.He, the owner was the problem. How? They were not changing the litter and in fact they did not change it for weeks!
He said that his farm adviser(consultant) did not tell him about litter management,so i learned from the discussion.He expected the farm attendants to know.If he, the farm owner did not know, how would the farm attendant know? Who gives instructions to the farm attendant?
If it was true,then the farm adviser erred by not letting them know about effective litter management to prevent coccidiosis.This farmer reads this blog where litter management has been discussed in one or two posts below.Diligence was missing and is a strong factor to success in this business.
It is one of the central messages of this blog that the farm owner should know much about the business before starting the farm.If you know,the better for you because it means that your staff or consultant cannot take you for a ride.I keep saying it that the farm owner should go the extra mile to get properly informed in the business.
There are about 30 detailed posts on this blog that teaches you what you should know in the business.I assure you that in these posts, you have what it takes to do the business well.
The 7 poultry reports on this blog are straight to the point,made as simple as 123, not those voluminous reports that often contain abstracts you cannot understand. Please visit the blog post below titled ‘Basic Reports for Starters’ dated 29.11.2010 for full content and details of the reports and how to access them.
You may not set up a farm now, maybe have an intention to do so in future, but may get the 6 poultry reports now.This is the best offer now that you can get these reports on this blog.
Report 7 is a profit & cost analysis for set up of 1000 layers chicken farm prepared on MS Excel Workbook.You may visit Post 18 below titled ‘Profitability Analysis for Starters’ for the contents of Report 7.It is the Excel Version of Report 4(Cost Analysis Report) but much more detailed.
This is the 24th post on this poultry blog for the benefit of starters especially Nigerians who are on the lookout for a business to do and need solid information about it.
Poultry farming is discussed on this informative blog and if you are here for the first time and really interested in chicken farming business,please read, study and digest all the 30+ posts below and above.
Hear This:Do not invest a penny in the business until you have read all the posts on this blog!
I am discussing varying opinions in the business.There is a chicken farmer who was doing the business with about 2000 layers and who engaged 5 advisers. 5 advisers! That was a ridiculous thing to do.Fear of failure caused him to engage 5 consultants.To me, it is not sensible and is counter productive.One good consultant is good enough and too many cooks can spoil the broth.
I will state what i call ‘varying opinions’ but will not comment on the merits and demerits of all the system. They are:
1) The Feeding Plan
Some farmers feed the layer chickens once in day by pouring in all the feed for the day at once.Some feed the chickens twice daily(morning & afternoon) and others feed thrice(morning, afternoon& evening) daily.
2) Transition from Grower Mash to Layer Mash
When the chickens start to drop eggs, some farmers withdraw the growers mash immediately and convert to layers mash.Some wait till they are realizing 10% production before doing the conversion.Some wait till they get 50% egg production. Some base it on the number of weeks, not %. They just continue with the growers mash till about 26 weeks before conversion to layers mash.
3) Some farmers withdraw the growers mash all at once in one day. Some withdraw gradually by mixing 50% growers mash with 50% layers mesh for a few days, then 75%-25% for another period before full conversion to 100%.
I said earlier that i do not wish to comment on the merits and demerits of the opinions/systems.Those who apply them have their own reasons but results vary.However, i will comment on just one system.
The idea of pouring all the feed for the day in the feeders for the layers chickens, i think is not an excellent idea.You can do that for broilers, certainly not for layers especially in the laying phase because it can backfire.
When you pour in all the feed at once, you expose them chickens to excess feed and will over eat in the early hours. Excess feed in their body will be converted to excess fat which can block the egg sac and lead to decrease in egg production.
There are minimum and maximum feeding requirements for the feeding of layers chickens at any age which you must know.If you are just pouring in any amount of feed above the daily requirement and pouring all at once, you may do yourself harm in the business.
The chickens have an average daily feed requirement in grams which increases slightly as the chicken grows.The objective is not to overfeed or underfeed them.
Knowledge of the chickens appetite is important.If you feed them above the expected level, it indicates an error in farm management meaning that feed is being wasted and the farm bottom line will be affected.If you expose them to excess feed, they will eat it and it does not mean that they will lay more eggs then the normal requirement for the day.The farmer’s the looser!
Where the level of consumption is lower than expected levels,it could be an indicator to errors in farm management, nutritional deficiencies in the feed or diseases.
Knowing the daily requirement and spread it over two meal times(morning and afternoon) is a better option in my own personal opinion.Rationing the feed based on daily requirements is wise advise for wise farmers.