Archive for the ‘poultry farming in nigeria’ Tag
Welcome to this highly informative poultry blog set up for the benefit of Nigerians interested in the chicken farming business and need the right details to get ahead.There are 35 highly detailed posts and tons of positive results from those who have benefited from this blog resources.
The research document below was taken from a site which details i can no longer remember.Its contents are interesting, highlighting the benefits of poultry and why you should give preference to poultry products.
BENEFITS OF EATING AN EGG DAILY ARE:
*Eggs are great for the eyes. According to one study, an egg a day may prevent muscular degeneration due to the carotenoid content, specifically lutein and zeaxanthin. Both nutrients are more readily available to our bodies from eggs than from other sources.
*In another study, researchers found that people who eat eggs every day lower their risk of developing cataracts, also because of the lutein and zeaxanthin in eggs.
* One egg contains 6 grams of high-quality protein and all 9 essential amino acids.
* According to study by the Harvard School of Public Health, there is no significant link between egg consumption and heart disease. In fact, according to one study, regular consumption of eggs may help prevent blood clots, stroke, and heart attacks.
* They are a good source of choline, one egg yolk has about 300 micrograms of choline. Choline is an important nutrient that helps regulate the brain, nervous system, and cardiovascular system
They contain the right kind of fat. One egg containsjust5gramsof fat and only 1.5 grams of that is saturated fat.
* New research shows that, contrary to previous belief, moderate consumption of eggs does not have a negative impact on cholesterol. In fact, recent studies have shown that regular consumption of two eggs per day does not affect a person’s lipid profile and may, in fact, improve it. Research suggests that it is saturated fat that raises cholesterol than dietary cholesterol.
* Eggs are one of the only foods that contain naturally occurring vitamin D.
* Eggs may prevent breast cancer. In one study, Women who consumed at least 6 eggs per week lowered their risk of breast cancer by 44%.
* Eggs promote healthy hair and nails because of their high sulfur content and wide array of vitamins and minerals. Many people find their hair growing faster after adding eggs to their diet, especially if they were previously deficient in foods containing sulfur or R12
BENEFITS OF POULTRY MEAT
HIGH IN PROTEIN
If you’re looking for a great source of lean, low fat protein, Poultry meat is the word. The protein in poultry meat lends itself to muscle growth and development, and help support a healthy weight and aid weight loss.
Poultry meat is high in an amino – acid called tryptophan, which gives you that comforting feeling after consuming a big bowl of poultry meat soup. In fact, if you are feeling depressed, eating some poultry meat will increase the serotonin levels in your brain, enhance your mood, blasting stress and lulling you to sleep.
PREVENT MEAT FOR HEART HEALTH
If you’re entering your senior years and you’re concerned about osteoporosis or arthritics, eating poultry meat will aid in your fight against bone loss, thanks to the protein punch it packs.
POULTRY MEAT FOR HEART HEALTH
Homocysteine is an amino acid that can cause cardiovascular disease if levels are high in the body. Fortunately for us, eating poultry breast suppresses and controls homocysteine levels.
PLENTY OF PHOSPHORUS
Poultry meat is also rich in phosphorus, an essential mineral that supports your teeth and bones, as well as kidney, liver and central nervous system function.
Poultry meat is also abundant in selenium, an essential mineral involved in metabolic performance – in other words thyroid, hormone, metabolism and immune function.
Vitamin 86 (or B complex vitamins) encourage enzymes and metabolic cellular reactions (or a process known as methylation) which means eating poultry meat will keep blood vessels healthy, energy level high, and metabolism burning calories so you can manage a healthy weight and activity level.
RICH IN NIACIN
Poultry meat also happens to be rich in niacin, one particular B- vitamin that guards against cancer and other forms of genetic (DNA) damage.
PROMOTE EYE HEALTH
Poultry meat is high in retinol, alpha and beta – carotene, and lycopene, all derived from vitamin A, and all vital for healthy eyesight.
ESSENTIAL FOR HEALTHY TISSUE GROWTH
Many of us are plagued with chapped lips, cracked mouths, tongue sores, or dry skin in winter. However, a boost in riboflavin (or vitamin 82) found in poultry livers, will drastically reduce your skin problems and repair dry or damaged skin.
This is another of the 35 unique posts on this highly acclaimed poultry blog set up for the benefit of Nigerians interested in small chicken farming business and who need to have the right details.If you are a Nigerian and seeking for the information that works in the business, then you are welcome to http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com.
On January 15 2014,i wrote a post titled ‘Poultry Farming in Nigeria:The Way Forward in 2014. Click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Jk for details. I received the mail below from Mr Micheal,a UK based Nigerian who used this blog resources to set up a 2200 layers chicken farm in the Ikorodu axis in Lagos State in Nigeria.He wrote:
Good day Mr Ayodele,
How are you today and hope all is well with you and the family?
I just want to inform you about the good news with regards to my poultry which started operation in November 2013. Also to thank you for all the advice you gave before I started the poultry. May God continue to bless you and increase your wisdom, in the poultry industry.
I started with 2244 day old chicks and till date , we only have 23 mortality which I’m so happy about. The chickens will be put in the cage next week and hope fully will soon start laying the golden eggs. Although its cash intensive but it is worth it, if it’s done properly because it needs somebody that is very hard working and ready to put in the effort.
Once again a big thank you for your advice and also the poultry reports were very useful for a new comer like me. I will send some pictures to show the development from day old chicks to now.
That is the mail from Mr Michael,a UK based Nigerian who has taken the bull by the horns based on the information which he got from this informative blog.He got six poultry reports in 2012. The reports have since been expanded to include Reports 7 & 8 as well as Bonus 6 which Mr Michael does not have.And the present bundle of 8 reports and 6 bonuses now come at a cheaper cost than what Mr Michael paid for the previous bundle of 6 reports & 5 bonuses.
He actually paid for 2200 chickens and was given 44 extra.For every 50,you get 1 extra.So the loss of 23 is within the extra 44.As far as i know, he has not lost any since the 2200 are intact. If you are one of the UK based Nigerians interested in the business,what are you waiting for? if Mr.Michael can do it,why cant you? He is still resident in the UK and his farm is in Lagos.
For the link to the 8 Poultry Reports & 6 Bonuses, click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Ca
For the link to the top 10 or the most patronized posts on this blog,click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Ip
But do not stop there.
Read and digest all the 35 free posts.The 8 reports & 6 bonuses are a must have, but the 35 free posts are a must read if you want to know the business to make a difference.On the basis of the 35 posts,you have adequate guides to confidently set up and do well in the business. But you have to create the time to read this blog because some of the posts are lengthy.To get gold,you have to dig deep into the soil.Therefore,you have to dig deep on this blog to hit the oil.
This is one of the 35 posts on this highly acclaimed,informative poultry blog set up for Nigerians interested in poultry farming business,who need the right information that will set them on the right path,with minimum upset and with smiles on their faces.If you are new here,i advise you to create the time and the patience to read,study and digest all the posts on this blog if you are a Nigerian really interested in chicken farming business.
Poultry Farming is one of the viable businesses that anyone can do starting at a small scale.It is true that many of the unemployed Nigerians have no access to capital required to set up a business.It is true that some of the commercial banks are not willing to finance agricultural ventures especially chicken farming.
A bank known as the Bank of Agriculture,owned by the Federal Government of Nigeria is giving out loans to genuine farmers who can prove their genuineness.The F.G.N has provisioned N200 Billion as loans to farmers and the steps to access the loan are straight forward if you are a genuine person with genuine intentions.If you are an unemployed Nigerian graduate looking for paid employment,pay attention to this post and take a step of faith to key into it.
The steps to obtain the loan are as follows:
1) Locate the office of the Bank of Agriculture that covers the area or local government area where your farm is situated and open an account with the bank with a minimum deposit of N3000.00
2) For the ‘Know Your Customer’ (KYC) requirements, you must present your NEPA Bill which confirms your place of residence + any of the approved means of identification such as International Passport, Drivers License, National Identity Card or Voters Registration Card.
3) Other requirements are:
Complete and signed account form
Complete and signed mandate card
Present 4 passport photographs of yourself
4) You must run and operate the account for at least 3 -6months before applying for the loan. Do not think that you can just open the account, abandon it and show up after 6 months for the loan. The loan is not the usual national cake and the bank, newly repositioned, is not fooled. If you play that old game, the bank will doubt your integrity and commitment to repay the loan if granted and that means you may not get it.
Running and operating the loan means that you make it an active account. This means making sure that you save money and withdraw from the account on a regular basis. The bank wants to see that there are transactions going on in the account. Therefore, you should make regular deposits and withdrawals on the account during the 6 month period to create an active relationship that makes the bank have confidence in you.
5) You must have an existing farm, at a fixed location and the farm must have its record of operations and activities on a daily basis neatly kept. The era of armchair farmers/political farmers/farms of no fixed address/classroom farmers are over. The bank will visit your farm for inspection when you apply for the loan.
6) The bank will check what you have on ground; see how far you have gone; what the loan is required for, and ensure that the loan is appropriate for what it is required. The bank wants to know whether you have an adequate knowledge of your area of farming business. You must be able to demonstrate the practical hands-on experience in your area of farming. The bank wants to know whether you have a project you are working on and the fund requirements. And within a month of the inspection, the loan will be approved if the bank is satisfied.
You can obtain a loan of N250,000.00 from the Bank of Agriculture without any collateral.With this amount,you can set up a small backyard chicken business that will pay more than the elusive salary job you are seeking. Some graduates earn N15,000.00 monthly in the name of earning a salary.What a pity!I will show you how to go about setting up a small chicken business with as low as N250,000.00.
One Mr Christopher,a graduate based in Akwa Ibom State,following this blog, started with 87 day old broilers and with a budget of N70,000.00. He lost only 3 of them and sold the remaining 84 at 7 weeks old for N1000.00 each. He made a neat profit.He is now looking for land to buy to do it on a larger scale.
What are you waiting for?
Get the location ready and put it into preparation before inviting the bank for inspection.
Then, go open an account with the Bank of Agriculture and operate it as required for at least 6 months.Make an estimate of the farm’s fund requirements and get it ready before applying for the loan.
If you need an idea about the funding requirements to set up a small chicken farm, the poultry reports on this blog has the full details.To access the reports,click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Ca
To have an idea how the majority of chicken farmers set up backyard farms,
click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Dp
For the link to the top 10 or the most patronized posts on this blog,
click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-Ip
Do not be discouraged if you are not a farmer already or do not have a farm.Take steps to set up one by getting all the information required as a 1st step.You must demonstrate that you have genuine intentions.First,have an adequate knowledge of the business.In view of this you are advised to read all the posts on this blog. Then open the account,operate it as required and apply for the loan based on the funding requirements.
An average unemployed Nigerian graduate deceives himself,carries an expensive mobile phone,has the money to spend at an eatery with his girlfriend,has the money and time to write countless applications for non-existing salaried jobs but has no money to pay peanuts for the information that will turn his fortunes around.There is a price tag and an opportunity cost to everything in life.
This is the 28th post on this poultry blog for the benefit of Nigerians interested in chicken farming business.You are advised to read,study and digest all the posts on this blog if you want to succeed in the business and do it without tears.
Here, i am discussing culling.I will also discuss a tested formulation that greatly reduces mortality in chickens.Culling is the removal of underdeveloped and unproductive chickens from the flock.
You see, a few chickens may not develop and you keep feeding them.Some may not produce eggs and you keep feeding them.What is the use? Are you not losing money? Culling enables you to identify them, remove them and keep them elsewhere in order to give them a chance to develop; or to sell them.Culling is an essential activity in the business.
Anyway, the numbers affected is usually an insignificant proportion of the flock.So you may not bother because the result that you will get from 80 – 85 % of the flock is adequate to give you a good return on investment.For further details of the result you can get from 80% of the flock, consult the Cost Analysis Report on this blog.
There is a simple test you can conduct that enables you to identify a layers chicken the flock among that will not lay any eggs with a 90% accuracy.If a medical doctor can carry out tests that show that a woman is infertile and may not carry a baby in the womb,you can carry out a simple test that tells you a layers chicken will not lay any eggs.
The formula is to measure the distance between the lay-bones of the chicken. If it falls within a certain range of figures,it is certain with a 90 percent accuracy that the chicken will not lay any eggs.You can also measure the distance between the breast bone and the lay bones.If the figure falls within a specific range, it is also certain that the chicken will not lay any eggs. This exercise is rather too academic and not realistic to carry out where you have many chickens. Do not bother about it.It is not recommended as it is unnecessary.
Apart from the above stated tests,there are other ways to identify productive or unproductive layers chickens.Generally, a productive layers chicken will be lively, have a good weight, have lively and bright eyes.If you have a productive flock of layers chickens, their egg production will rise quickly to the peak of production and the peak production will be high and will be sustained for a period of weeks.
This is the 27th post on this poultry blog created for the benefit of Nigerians who are interested in poultry farming business and need the right guidance. If this is your motive, you have come to the right place. Endeavor to read all the posts on this blog if truly you are interested in the business.
If Jide Makinde in Ibadan, Usman Musa in Kano, Ifiok in Akwa Ibom, Lekan and Muyiwa in Lagos among others can come across this blog and set up a poultry farm based on the information acquired here, with smiles to show for it, then why cannot you do the same?
If you have done the business before and have cried your way out of it, here your cries will be converted to smiles, I assure you. All you need to do is to patiently digest every word(I mean,every word) in the 29 posts on this blog and write down the important points for application. If you have the opinion that the business does not work or cannot work, this blog proves you wrong. Read on!
In this post, i am discussing the factors that work the business. They are as follows:
Without money, you cannot do anything in this business and any livestock business. All the livestock businesses require money. This business is not one of those businesses that can be done without money.You need money to set up structures and to feed the chickens. But take note that your money is not what drives the business,though important. Many have burned their fingers badly who thought that money is everything the business needs.
You can use your money to even buy a mistake if you are knowledge deficient and no amount of money will correct the mistake. How one may use his money to buy a mistake has been discussed in the reports.This is one of the reasons the business is sensitive but the sensitivity is manageable.Do not be scared to come into it.How to avoid making mistakes has been discussed in all the posts and poultry reports on this blog.
Knowledge is also an important element that drives the business. What makes a poultry farmer excel above another is not the amount of money at his disposal but the wealth or quality of knowledge or information at the disposal of the farmer and ability to implement it.
Some farmers, who set up on a big scale based on the availability of funds have crashed fatally. Take note that knowledge, not money, drives the business. This blog gives you much information about the business for free. It is certain that you cannot miss your way in the business, if you are diligent and meticulous in application.
Having the money and the knowledge is not enough. Information is power but information is useless until you know it and can apply it. it is then that the power works for you. The Bible contains the truth that sets free. But it is when you read it and apply what you have read that it works in your life and sets you free. If you are ignorant of its contents,what will you apply and how will it set you free? It is written in Hosea 4:6 that ‘my people perish for lack of knowledge.’
If you have the knowledge but is careless in implementing that knowledge, then you will have useless stories to tell us about the business. In the chicken farming business, diligence (hard work) is important. The business is not for a lazy person. The farm staffs have to be up to the task because the chickens need a lot of attention. If you know that you are not ready to give them the attention required,or get capable and reliable hands to do what is required, please do not invest in it.
Courage is important in the business. When one farmer started in the business, he was a total novice and it was not a smooth ride at all. He set out with a small flock of 250 chickens that were acquired from another farmer at about 10 weeks old. After a period of eight weeks rearing them, he began to lose them and over a period of four weeks, about 160 of them died. It was then he realized his many errors. I will give full details of that first failed venture in another post.
To cut the story short until another day, he came across a consultant who sat him down, pointed his many errors to him and taught him the way forward. He advised him to start all over again and that was what he did under the consultant’s guidance. The second attempt was successful. He did 200 day olds and lost less than 20 in 12 months.The man who tried and failed is an experienced person who is better and ahead of the one who is afraid to start.Do not be afraid to start.
Where does courage come in? It comes in when you have lost money and willing to start afresh all over again. When your efforts have gone down the drain, when hopes have been dashed, yet you are undaunted and willing to start again or refuse to quit. It takes courage to stay when you are not seeing the results that you are expecting.it takes courage to set up in an environment where all you hear is that the business is difficult or impossible.
Mr Jide Makinde (see his story below) was initially scared of the business based on the negatives he had been hearing. I encouraged him to take the risk.He did take the risk and he is in the business today.His farm is at Ibadan being managed by his wife. His contact address is available on this blog. When he set up, he acted based on only 2 reports that were then available on this blog.
Some have got all the 7 reports on this blog,yet are still afraid to set up even 100 chickens!.Someone who read all the 27 posts and got the 7 reports said she is seeking more knowledge.Good, but you do not need too much knowledge to set up.Get the basics,be confident and set up, but start small for a start like Jide and Usman did theirs. This business is not difficult. Have no fears.
If the farmer above who lost 160 birds out of 250 had chickened out as some do, he would have joined the league of failed farmers rubbishing the business. But because he did not back out and courageously tried again, he decoded the business and now knows what works and what does not work. Those who come in with a get-rich-quick mindset are the ones who give up too soon when they face a challenge.
5) An Interest in Chickens
A sincere interest in chickens goes a long way in this business.You, the owner may have the money to set up but not the passion.What is business? In my understanding, business is the mobilization of humans and capital resources including cash and equipment for a profit motive.
An investor can invest in a terrain he has no passion in and still achieve success in it. To do that, he has to engage persons who have the interest.Why passion in chicken business? The way i understand this, it means having an interest in chickens;being at home with chickens;being comfortable in a chicken environment.
Some people are scared of chickens. Some cannot go too close to a chicken or cannot stand a chicken environment.Such are not fit for the business as farm attendants.If you are engaging farm attendants to work on your farm,give them a simple test.You must test those who will be in direct contact with the chickens,who will be working in the chicken pen. The test is in the Poultry Control Report on this blog.
if you engage a person who fails the test,the chickens will suffer as he is certainly unlikely to give them the required level of attention. Such staff may pretend in your presence (i.e. eye service) to be working, but in your absence, they will certainly not do their best.
6) The 6th factor makes all the difference and can make or mar the business whether or not you have the other 5 factors working in your favor. This factor is unquantifiable. It is your relationship with your maker,God the Father who created the heavens and the earth,the Alpha and the Omega of all things.
If God sees you as a wicked person as the Bible says in Psalms 7:11, how will your business prosper? Wicked persons in scripture are those persons who are living rebellious lives, against Scriptural guidelines. If you are such a person, how will your business prosper? We are alive today by His grace and by His mercy.Remember, it is not by our powers or prayers oh that we are alive today! Many who are more prayerful, more religious, holier than you etc have passed away and are no more.
Psalm 22:29 asks ‘Can any man keep himself alive? So, your life and the lives of the chickens are in God’s hands. We have no control over our lives and no one knows what will happen to him in the next hour, only God knows. It is better to maintain with God a pleasing relationship that can make us enjoy the many promises that he has for us in the Bible. In Deuteronomy 28:1-15, he has promised us many benefits that include long life and business success but based on conformity with His commandments. If your ways are crooked before God, make them straight quickly (Isaiah 40:4). Without conforming to God’s words, there is no true success anywhere in any life. The ball is in your court!
This is the 25th post on this poultry blog for the benefit of people especially Nigerians who wish to set up a chicken farming business which is one of the most viable businesses in Nigeria with a large and guaranteed market.
If you are a first timer on this blog,please read all the 30+ loaded free posts below that will make a big positive difference when you set up a poultry farm.On this informative blog you get the details required for free and cannot miss your way in the business if you can add diligence to the equation.
Testimonies have been coming in from some readers who courageously set up based on the resources on this blog.One of them,Mr Jide Makinde, based in Ibadan was published in one of the posts below.Another is Mr Musa Usman in Kano who set up with 514 layers and several others.Mr Usman’s comment in the Comments section of this blog is as follows:
Happy birthday Mr John. I would never forget your valuable advise and educative materials that really helped us in setting up our farm. For your information, at exactly sixth months today, our birds are still doing well with mortality rate at just 2.1% and producing the golden eggs. We would always be grateful to you.
Another blog reader,Mr Lekan (email@example.com) who got the reports sent the following mail to me recently:
‘I saw one of your mail where you asked if i had started my poultry farm. Thanks for the concern i started long ago August 2012 with 1000 birds and today we have 3500 birds.
I have the opinion that our oil wealth came much too early when Nigerians were yet to imbibe the spirit of accountability and hard work.As a result, agriculture was abandoned and today, what do we have to show for our 40+ years of oil resources?
Massive corruption,massive unemployment and a get-rich quick mentality! Agriculture alone can swallow our unemployment in this country.Countries like Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia that concentrated on agriculture have overtaken us economically.
I read on the net recently about how a Nigerian company was recruiting 100 graduates for their Graduate Truck Driver Scheme and about 10,000 graduates applied including 6 PhD holders! It shocked me to the bones that a PhD holder was ready to take to truck driving in the name of earning a salary.That is the product of failed minds,not a failed country.
It is time we go back to agriculture and stop roaming the streets looking for non-existing or elusive white collar jobs.One of the problems we have in this clime is that Nigerians do not want to start small even when there are no funds to start big.
Secondly,their reading culture is poor. The knowledge that will improve your life is buried in books.
Thirdly is that the education that will transform and profit you must cost you something.There is no free lunch in Freetown.Those after free information often get the wrong one and make silly avoidable mistakes in the sensitive chicken farming business.Chicken farming is not recharge card business.Chicken farming is specialized information.
Weeks ago,a farmer in the Eastern part of Nigeria called to say that his chickens were dying in large numbers at about 4 weeks old.The cause was coccidiosis, a dreaded chicken disease, better prevented than cured.He, the owner was the problem. How? They were not changing the litter and in fact they did not change it for weeks!
He said that his farm adviser(consultant) did not tell him about litter management,so i learned from the discussion.He expected the farm attendants to know.If he, the farm owner did not know, how would the farm attendant know? Who gives instructions to the farm attendant?
If it was true,then the farm adviser erred by not letting them know about effective litter management to prevent coccidiosis.This farmer reads this blog where litter management has been discussed in one or two posts below.Diligence was missing and is a strong factor to success in this business.
It is one of the central messages of this blog that the farm owner should know much about the business before starting the farm.If you know,the better for you because it means that your staff or consultant cannot take you for a ride.I keep saying it that the farm owner should go the extra mile to get properly informed in the business.
There are about 30 detailed posts on this blog that teaches you what you should know in the business.I assure you that in these posts, you have what it takes to do the business well.
The 7 poultry reports on this blog are straight to the point,made as simple as 123, not those voluminous reports that often contain abstracts you cannot understand. Please visit the blog post below titled ‘Basic Reports for Starters’ dated 29.11.2010 for full content and details of the reports and how to access them.
You may not set up a farm now, maybe have an intention to do so in future, but may get the 6 poultry reports now.This is the best offer now that you can get these reports on this blog.
Report 7 is a profit & cost analysis for set up of 1000 layers chicken farm prepared on MS Excel Workbook.You may visit Post 18 below titled ‘Profitability Analysis for Starters’ for the contents of Report 7.It is the Excel Version of Report 4(Cost Analysis Report) but much more detailed.
This is the 24th post on this poultry blog for the benefit of starters especially Nigerians who are on the lookout for a business to do and need solid information about it.
Poultry farming is discussed on this informative blog and if you are here for the first time and really interested in chicken farming business,please read, study and digest all the 30+ posts below and above.
Hear This:Do not invest a penny in the business until you have read all the posts on this blog!
I am discussing varying opinions in the business.There is a chicken farmer who was doing the business with about 2000 layers and who engaged 5 advisers. 5 advisers! That was a ridiculous thing to do.Fear of failure caused him to engage 5 consultants.To me, it is not sensible and is counter productive.One good consultant is good enough and too many cooks can spoil the broth.
I will state what i call ‘varying opinions’ but will not comment on the merits and demerits of all the system. They are:
1) The Feeding Plan
Some farmers feed the layer chickens once in day by pouring in all the feed for the day at once.Some feed the chickens twice daily(morning & afternoon) and others feed thrice(morning, afternoon& evening) daily.
2) Transition from Grower Mash to Layer Mash
When the chickens start to drop eggs, some farmers withdraw the growers mash immediately and convert to layers mash.Some wait till they are realizing 10% production before doing the conversion.Some wait till they get 50% egg production. Some base it on the number of weeks, not %. They just continue with the growers mash till about 26 weeks before conversion to layers mash.
3) Some farmers withdraw the growers mash all at once in one day. Some withdraw gradually by mixing 50% growers mash with 50% layers mesh for a few days, then 75%-25% for another period before full conversion to 100%.
I said earlier that i do not wish to comment on the merits and demerits of the opinions/systems.Those who apply them have their own reasons but results vary.However, i will comment on just one system.
The idea of pouring all the feed for the day in the feeders for the layers chickens, i think is not an excellent idea.You can do that for broilers, certainly not for layers especially in the laying phase because it can backfire.
When you pour in all the feed at once, you expose them chickens to excess feed and will over eat in the early hours. Excess feed in their body will be converted to excess fat which can block the egg sac and lead to decrease in egg production.
There are minimum and maximum feeding requirements for the feeding of layers chickens at any age which you must know.If you are just pouring in any amount of feed above the daily requirement and pouring all at once, you may do yourself harm in the business.
The chickens have an average daily feed requirement in grams which increases slightly as the chicken grows.The objective is not to overfeed or underfeed them.
Knowledge of the chickens appetite is important.If you feed them above the expected level, it indicates an error in farm management meaning that feed is being wasted and the farm bottom line will be affected.If you expose them to excess feed, they will eat it and it does not mean that they will lay more eggs then the normal requirement for the day.The farmer’s the looser!
Where the level of consumption is lower than expected levels,it could be an indicator to errors in farm management, nutritional deficiencies in the feed or diseases.
Knowing the daily requirement and spread it over two meal times(morning and afternoon) is a better option in my own personal opinion.Rationing the feed based on daily requirements is wise advise for wise farmers.
This is the 23rd post on this poultry blog set up to educate Nigerians especially the newbie seeking information about the business.I am introducing you to a viable but largely misunderstood business in Nigeria.
You are strongly advised to patiently read through all the 30+posts on this blog before you invest a penny in the business.It is in your own interest that you heed this advice!
On this blog, you get the full details that will guide you for absolutely free.This 22nd post may make no meaning to you until you have digested the 21 posts below.In this post,i am discussing some issues where some starters have had problems in the business.
A starter sets out by building the chicken pen of his own imagination without first making a provision for the operational cost.At the end, he has no money left to set up the chickens and became stranded.The chicken pen was an unnecessary ‘flamboyant structure’ that gulped much money.
Before you set up a chicken farm, check your budget.Decide on the number of chickens to start with and get the operational cost of rearing them to maturity. The balance of your fund will determine the structures to be set up.The Cost Analysis Report on this blog teaches you the formulas to determine all that.
If the balance is not sufficient for structures, that means you have to adjust the number of chickens to start with or amend the plan for the structures.I advise that you set up a simple but durable chicken pen first, then when you have made money in the business, you can go for the costlier ‘flamboyant structures’ that flatter your ego. Let reason prevail over your excitement.Hear the truth:Chicken pen aesthetics increase cost of set up but not efficiency.
One of the major challenges in the business scaring away newbies is litter management or chicken waste evacuation.Do not be scared.That problem is manageable. Some chicken houses have a flat concrete floor on which the chicken droppings fall on directly. That is cheaper to construct but is an obsolete and poor system. The system of waste evacuation in this system is a tedious exercise. A better option will be what i call the “Gutter system’ or flushing system i.e. building a gutter under the battery cages in the laying phases.
The chicken droppings from the battery cages will fall directly into the gutter below and accumulate there. You construct a pit like a soak away pit some meters away outside the pen and link the gutter to it through pipes.The pit has a round shape like a well.Connect a water tap to the gutter under the battery cages. The gutter will have a gentle slope to the pit.That means getting a builder who understands drainage and can get it right.
At intervals, may be every day,every 2-3 days,every week, fortnightly or monthly, you flush the waste in the gutter into the pit outside.The pit outside may be about 40 feet deep but must be above water level.The gutter has specific measurements for its construction,at least 2 feet deep.The width is determined by the battery cage dimensions.One of the bonuses attached to the reports on this blog is a picture guide indicating the dimensions.
The pit may have a concrete slab on top with a hole through which you can pour a chemical element regularly to kill the odor and convert the waste to liquid which helps to sink it further down, that ensures it takes a much longer time to fill up the pit.You may process the chicken waste and sell it to crop farmers as manure.Poultry waste is the richest manure for crop farming and is one of the chicken farm revenue sources.
The sale of poultry waste is additional farm revenue. It is a smelling business but the money you earn from it does not smell, right? There are various ways to process the chicken waste business for money if you can stand the stress and can market it.A cement bag size of waste costs N100.00 to N150.00 in Lagos if you have 1000 layers, the earnings from sale of poultry manure is substantial residual income.
The gutter method described above, i assure you that no one in that environment will perceive any foul odour coming from the farm even if it is a neighborhood backyard farm. But this gutter system costs more to construct than the flat concrete floor system.A picture of the ‘gutter system’ is attached to the layer report on this blog. Visit the first post below titled ‘Basic Reports for Starters’ dated 29.11.2010 for details.
If you are a ‘big man with a big pocket’, you can set up the California Chicken Cage System which is 100 % automation. The feeding, watering and egg collection is automated.For 25000 chickens you need only 4 staffers to handle the farm. Even the waste evacuation is fully automated.You can buy in Nigeria or import it from abroad.
A company in Nigeria known as Facko Limited has them and you may contact them for the pictures and prices.They are in Lagos, accessible through Ijaiye-Ojokoro Bus Stop along Abeokuta Expressway in Lagos.Please note that i am not their agent and have no relationship with them but they are a well known and respected company to do business with.
If you need comprehensive poultry reports,please check one of the post on this blog titled ‘Basic Reports for Starters’ dated 29.11.2010. However,I assure you that with the free details in 30+ posts here,even without the reports, you have all the major details that guide you to confidently set up a profitable chicken farm.
This blog discusses poultry farming business for the benefit of those Nigerians that are interested in it and need information about it.There are over 20 posts below discussing various aspects of the business. You are advised to digest all the posts if you want to avoid the pitfalls in the business. The business is sensitive though lucrative.
There are no taboos prohibiting the consumption of poultry products in Nigeria.The 150 million Nigerians consume poultry products in one form or the other.There are an estimated 20+ million households in Nigeria. My own house consumes poultry meat only.
Comparing the chicken market with the pork market in Nigeria, there are taboos affecting the pork market.The Muslim population do not eat pork being forbidden on religious grounds. Also Christians are forbidden from the consumption of pork and catfish.The book of Leviticus Chapter 11 verses 7 & 12 in the Holy Bible has the details of the ban.
However the pork business is big business in Nigeria despite the taboos affecting it but the market for pork is mainly in the South of Nigeria.You cannot set up a piggery in many parts of the North of Nigeria.One of its centers in Nigeria is the Okearo Pig Farm at Okearo City in Ogun State, reputed to be one of the largest pig farms in Africa where traders come to purchase pigs in lorry loads every week.
However, the chicken market is a far larger and guaranteed market without any cultural/religious restrictions or prohibitions affecting it all over Nigeria.You can set up a chicken farm in any part of Nigeria without having any troubled conscience as regards violating any religious or cultural taboos and you are sure of market patronage…Guaranteed!
Comparing the chicken market with the catfish market, catfish is a hot delicacy in Nigeria too but the market for it is unlike the poultry market.However,the economic realities of the day makes many average or low income Nigerians see catfish as a luxury.
A kilogram of catfish costs N600.00 in Lagos, a price which many ordinary or low income Nigerians on the street cannot afford to consume regularly.A large segment of the populace,especially the low income class is not interested in catfish for regular consumption.
Then there are closer and cheaper substitutes to catfish such as the imported frozen fish (Kote, Shawa, Croaker & co) which the average Nigerian finds to be cheaper, that serves him longer. In fact, it is observed that many average or low income Nigerian families prefer to buy a kilo of frozen chicken meat for N600.00 that will last 2-3 days in the pot than to buy a kilo of catfish for N600.00 for just one meal.
So the catfish market is somewhat restricted or narrow compared to the chicken products market.Many Nigerians also prefer to buy a crate of eggs containing 30 eggs for N700.00/N800.00 that lasts for about 2 weeks, than to buy a kilo of catfish for N600.00 for just one meal.
Even if the households like mine do not consume eggs directly as boiled or fried in the home, we will consume it in other forms as there are many other uses to which chicken products can be applied. If i stop taking fried eggs, i will take it indirectly by through cakes and ice cream which has egg in it as an ingredient.That means if i do not buy eggs for consumption in my home,other businesses will buy them and i will still consume the eggs by buying their egg-based products.So eggs and chicken meat will always sell in Nigeria…Guaranteed!
For economic reasons, many Nigerians are not so keen about catfish and that implies a restricted market.Nevertheless, catfish business is big business too having its own potentials locally and especially for the export market.The chicken products market for eggs and poultry meat is not like the pork and catfish which makes the chicken business a better option for investors at any level of set up.
This blog contains 30+ posts for the benefit of starters in Nigeria interested in small chicken farming setup and who need some information about the business. If you are one, you are advised to patiently read all the posts on this blog from November 2010 to September 2013. Doing so,you will have a full grasp of the business,what it takes to do it before spending a penny on it.
In this post, i am discussing the market for poultry products.Nigeria has a population of 150 million and is grossly under provided in terms of proteins which is an essential food component for healthy living.
Statistics from the Federal Office of Statistics and Food & Agricultural Organization indicate that 2Kg of beef and 4kg of eggs are available to the average Nigerian yearly. That is about 11 grams of egg supply per day when compared with the global accepted recommendation that one person take an egg per day.
To address this protein problem, there is urgent need for massive production of protein based foods in Nigeria at prices that the average Nigerian can afford in view of the economic realities.
One of the avenues to achieve the goal is through poultry farming which constitutes chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, guinea fowls etc. The chickens constitute about 70% of the poultry population in Nigeria therefore the term ‘poultry farming’ is used generally to refer to chicken farming in Nigeria. The major poultry products are eggs and meat.
There is a high demand for poultry products in Nigeria during festivals such as Christmas, New Year, Easter, Id El Fitri, Id El Kabir and others.Fast foods operators, hotels, caterers, restaurants, supermarkets are also major outlets.
Eggs have a variety of uses apart from the household consumption.It is used in the preparation of chicken burger, scotch eggs, salad, baked foods, hair shampoo,ice creams, custard, beverages, snacks and cakes etc. Other outlets include hawkers, retail stores,roadside breakfast canteens,boarding hostels and individuals and many other channels.
The bulk supply of eggs comes from small farmers who operate largely home backyard farms containing small holdings of about 100 to 1000 chickens.However, there are big players such as Animal Care Konsult,Obasanjo Farms,CHI Farms, Amo Sanders, Choice Farms,Sambawa Farms, Arewa Farms, UAC Foods and Zartech Limited and others that cannot be listed here.Nevertheless, supply is still lower than demand.Therefore, the egg market is essentially a seller’s market in Nigeria.