Poultry Farming: How to tackle egg pilferages and other losses   Leave a comment

One of the problems many small farmers in Nigeria have is egg pilferage by dishonest farm attendants. Where the farmer is an absentee who does not have the time to be in the farm but leaves the farm in the care of the attendants who are dishonest and who steal the eggs, the farm may collapse where small drops soon become an ocean and where the thefts are not checked.

There is no control system that can be 100% effective to stop egg pilferage where the farmer is an absentee and has dishonest farm attendants in charge who steal the eggs. Though it may not be possible to rule out pilferage and thefts completely, it can be reduced to the barest minimum.

There are several ways dishonest farm attendants steal and one of the main avenues is egg pilfering.  One method to tackle egg pilferage is as follows:

When the chickens have commenced egg production and have reached the peak of production and laying consistently, the farmer will be on the farm with the attendants collecting and recording the eggs for one to two weeks.

Then he will calculate what the average collection per day or per week is and this is the figure the attendants must deliver daily henceforth. If the chickens produce above the stated average, they can take the excess but the daily delivery must not fall below the stated average. If it falls, they will have to pay for the shortfall. Make that the rule and condition of their service on the farm.

When the chickens’ egg production enters into the diminishing phase, the farmer has to be there again for a week to calculate a new average collection per day and per week for the attendants to work with. Ensure that the chickens are adequately fed and vaccinated to ensure they are in top range health to produce the eggs.

The above is a suggested effective control for small and micro scale farms to minimize losses from egg pilfering to the barest minimum. This is desirable where the farm may not be able to afford to deploy and maintain technologies like CCTV to monitor the activities of the staff.

Poultry resources: click https://wp.me/p11ziB-ZD
Testimonials: click http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS

John Ayodele
http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com
Phone: +2348127920417

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Poultry Farming in Nigeria: How to Manage Your Chicken Stock Effectively   Leave a comment

Another reason why many small poultry farmers run into problems is their inability to manage their stock of chickens effectively from inception of the farm. A poor chicken management strategy leads to high mortality rates which are the major scare in Nigeria.

Mortality is inevitable but the normal acceptable rate is 8% of the stock per year. Where you have 500 chickens, your maximum acceptable mortality should not exceed 40 chickens if you have good management strategies in place.

To ensure that the mortality does not exceed 8% of the stock per year, there are several issues to take note of. One of them is:

 Start the farm with disease free chicken stock. To start the farm with diseased or sick chickens is a sure and fast lane to disaster in the business. You must buy the chickens from reliable and credible sources.

There are several good sources in Nigeria with good reputation where healthy and disease free chickens can be purchased. Two of the highly recommended sources are Animal Care Konzult and CHI Farms.
You can start the farm with day old chicks or point of lay chickens as a first timer. Starting with day old chicks for a first timer could be a nightmare if the first timer farmer has no experience in handling day old chicks.

The first six weeks in the life of the chicken (the brooder phase) is sensitive which requires good handling else many of the chickens could be lost and which can dampen morale and discourage the farmer.
It could be wiser for a first timer to start with point of lay chickens about 15 weeks old and above which have outgrown the brooder phase and have matured considerably. However, the chickens must be in top range health at the time of purchase.

The vendor should tell you what they have been vaccinated against and what needs to be done in the weeks ahead and  give you their vaccination schedule for you to follow up. Where the vendor cannot give these sensitive details of the health status of the chickens, do not buy.

In addition, you have to inspect the birds to ensure that they are really healthy and there are several things about the birds to take note of during the inspection. A vendor can be dishonest who gives a false report of their vaccination. The physical inspection of the chickens adds value.

Where a farmer starts with diseased chickens, he would have gone far with them and expended much resource in terms of time invested, energy invested, money, feeds and other expenditure before the symptoms begin to manifest and the results could be disastrous.

Testimonies: click http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS

Poultry resources:  click https://wp.me/p11ziB-ZD

John Ayodele
http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com
Phone: + 2348127920471

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: Veterinary Services, Indispensable to Success!   Leave a comment

One of the major reasons why many small farmers in Nigeria run into serious problems in this business is their neglect of veterinary services. Prevention is always better than cure as far as diseases are concerned but many deliberately and ignorantly wait for diseases to occur before running helter-skelter for a solution which may be too late.

When a farmer thinks he is ‘wise’ in his own eyes, or has a penny wise but pound foolish mindset, he will dispense with veterinary services and turn around later to lament that the chicken farming business is failure prone.

Some farmers believe that a veterinary service is an unnecessary cost, while some believe they can handle the chicken medication as laymen. Many do not see any difference between the hybrid and the local chicken and think that the hybrid can survive without vaccination.

The chickens need prompt and regular vaccination which is meant to keep them in top range health status and protect them from the diseases they were vaccinated against. There is a vaccination time table or program which must be strictly followed with quality drugs and vaccines.

No matter how small the chicken farm, it is highly recommended to have competent veterinary personnel visiting the farm periodically for inspection and management of the birds’ health issues to avoid unpleasant occurrences in the farm.

Veterinary services are indispensable to success and good results in the chicken farming business and must on no account be neglected. It is advised that the chicken farmer have a copy of the vaccination schedule from inception of the farm and be the one to put the veterinary personnel on notice when medication is due.

There are some medications which the farmer can handle himself as a layman but it should be as directed by the veterinary personnel. Their fees are not costly but depend on the size of the farm, number of chickens and work load involved.

Testimonials link: http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS

John Ayodele
http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com

 

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: More Mistakes to Avoid in the Business   Leave a comment

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: More Mistakes to Avoid in the Business

The tendency of the average Nigerian investor is to set up a business on a foundation beyond his knowledge and experience because he sees others doing it. He starts a poultry farm as a large investment of capital and stock which will require immense amounts of energy and funds to maintain which may be beyond his capability.

Some investors have set up, misled by fantastic statistics which make them believe that poultry business is the quickest route to become a millionaire overnight. For example, i read where a poultry promoter gave the impression that one can invest N100, 000.00 to raise up to 1000 broilers and reap 3million. Deception!

Some starters rely on such dubious statistics generated by some arm chair consultant. Some are attracted by the earning potentialities but give no thought to the other side of the coin in the business.
One mistake being made by many inexperienced starters is working out unrealistic profit and cost expectations. One needs to understand the factors or situations that makes realistic profit expectation realizable in poultry farming to be able to make a realistic income forecast.

The best advice is to start modestly on a small scale and in the process of managing it; the owner will be able to know how much can be made from the business. This way, experience can be gained without having to pay high prices for it as in a large first investment. That is the best way for an inexperienced starter to start a poultry farm.

If you are a green horn and have the financial capability to rear 5000 chickens, you may start with 1000 in the first cycle. Based on experience and profits gained, increase the stocks gradually, say every 12 months until the planned maximum capacity is achieved. You can use the profits earned in one cycle to commence another cycle.

In my own opinion, it is not wise for a starter, a green horn to put in all the capital at once on a large chicken farm. You may go ahead anyway if you have adequate financial reserves to fall back on, have the right logistics in place and have the capacity for risk

There are some who have the money to invest in the business but do not have the time. They may have very limited or no poultry knowledge and/or experience and their success in the business are tied to their ability to engage someone as manager to supervise the farm.

The manager must be a knowledgeable, experienced and capable person who has the personality suited for the work. The personality requirements suited for the work include mental and physical abilities.
The personality requirements essential to success in poultry farming, expected of a hired employee manager include:

-Personal liking for the business
-Attention to details as the business is largely composed of details
-Ability to create your own system for the work, not to be tossed about by many. Stick to one system.
-Ability to deploy common sense to take quick and correct decisions when necessary to avert disaster
-Energy and Promptness
-Ability to concentrate time and attention on the work to ensure that no detail is neglected.
If your farm manager lacks the essentials stated above, it is clear that you may have placed your chicken farm in the wrong hands.

John Ayodele

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: The Preferred Business Without Taboos   Leave a comment

Poultry business is one of the best preferred businesses to do in Nigeria.

There are no taboos prohibiting the production and consumption of poultry products anywhere in Nigeria. The 150 million Nigerians consume poultry products in one form or the other. There are an estimated 20+ million households in Nigeria.

For example, you cannot set up a piggery in many parts of the North of Nigeria where the religion forbids consumption of pork. Therefore, the chicken market is a far larger and guaranteed market without any cultural/religious restrictions or prohibitions affecting it all over Nigeria.

You can set up a chicken farm in any part of Nigeria without having any troubled conscience as regards violating any religious or cultural taboos and you are sure of market patronage anywhere in Nigeria…Guaranteed!

John Ayodele

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: 6 Major Facts For Starters To Note   Leave a comment

Are you a Nigerian? Are you interested in Chicken Farming?

Poultry farming is one of the most viable businesses any one can do either on a micro, small or large scale. The bulk of Nigeria’s poultry needs are met by imports either directly or by smugglers which confirm the existence of a large market.

The present high cost of chicken and eggs indicate the level of scarcity of the products. Besides the ready market awaiting the products, all the needed materials including feed and machinery are locally available here in Nigeria.

Setting up a poultry farm, the following are essential:

1) The chickens have special needs and you as a chicken farmer should be prepared to do what it takes to meet their needs. If you cannot, it is better to find another business.

2) Set up and operational costs (Costing Analysis)
You need to know the start-up & operational costs of the poultry venture before you start it. Know the feeding costs before you start and ensure you have the funds ready. Some start foolishly, then get stuck and stranded along the way and end up closing down. The chickens won’t listen to your stories that there is no money to feed them. You must find the money quickly else you lose the whole investment.

3) It is essential that you understand the important and essential aspects of chicken farming which work together to make a profitable farm a reality.

4) See the business as an investment and pay attention to it.

5) Understand chicken housing design and minimum floor space requirements. Get it right before you start else you are in trouble.

6) The management of the farm is one of the most crucial elements i.e. who will manage the farm. Get an informed, capable and trusted person to manage the farm. If you cannot, please look for another business

John Ayodele
http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com

Poultry Farming: The Major Scare about the Business in Nigeria   Leave a comment

The major scare about the chicken business in Nigeria is the fear of chicken deaths or high failure rates or mortality rates. Nigerians are scared of businesses that have a risk element or long gestation and prefer to do risk free business that delivers promising returns in the short term.

Is there any risk free business or endeavor? Chickens die. Is that any big deal? Don’t humans die? Are chickens and humans not living things? Do we have power over our living and death? Do not humans with the best comforts of life – food, money, drugs & other essentials of life- slump and die sometimes without cause?

If you are afraid that some of your chickens may die, why are you not afraid of driving? Or eating? Or sleeping? Or marrying? It is a risk too to drive a car, to eat, to sleep and to marry a husband or a wife.

People get killed while driving. People eat food and die. People sleep and do not wake up. People often marry the wrong partners and come out of it with scars and bruises and regrets and life goes on. If you are scared of risk, do not ever step out of your bedroom because you may get hurt.

Do not be afraid or scared of the business on account of chicken deaths. Prepare your mind that you will lose some chickens. The standard normal mortality rate is 8% of your stock per year provided that you have done everything that you should do.

If you have 500 layer chickens, you should not lose more than 40 in 12 months. If you do lose chickens over 8%, then it is abnormal and indicates that something is obviously wrong that should be promptly investigated and corrected.

In many cases, it is due to farmer ignorance or negligence by the failure to do what is necessary at the right time. You must properly manage the chickens from inception and also operate the farm under excellent conditions. Managing the chickens properly from inception and operating the farm under excellent condition is where the real work is.

This is not a business you set up and hand over to just anyone to manage for you because they may not represent your interests the way you expect. The owner’s personal attention to supervise the farm is very necessary even if he has personnel in charge. This is the reason why it is essential that the owner should have some knowledge of the business to be able to understand what is going on in the business. Knowledge is one of the greatest assets in business.

If however you can get a trusted and competent and trained hand to manage it for you, all will be well. But if you put an incompetent hand in charge, you may regret coming into poultry (chicken) business and think that witches are after you.

Most of those who failed in this business and are spreading negative stories about it are those who ventured into it with a get-rich quick mindset or who had no knowledge in the business or who engaged incompetent hands and had no time to supervise it or those who expected overnight results and had no patience. Livestock farming is hard work and not for the lazy.

John Ayodele