In Nigeria,there are two main poultry systems-the deep/dry litter and the battery cage system. In the deep litter system,the chickens are on the floor during the egg production period.
The problems inherent in this practice are many and may do more harm than good to the farmer especially the starter farmer who is doing it for the first time.
The chickens laying eggs on the floor will have direct contact with their droppings which is a serious health hazard as the droppings contain ammonia.
Secondly,the chickens have direct contact with their eggs and may break some which will result to a loss of income to the farmer.
Thirdly,it will be extremely difficult to do a stock count where the farmer has a large flock of chickens.Where the staff are dishonest and steal the chickens,the owner-farmer may not know quickly.
Fourth, the production in the dry litter system is lower because the chickens can move about which makes them burn energy better reserved for egg production.
In the battery cage system,the chickens are kept in cages where their movement is restricted and three chickens occupy a cubicle.Their droppings drop to the floor beneath the cages so the chickens have no direct contact with their feces.Thus,much reduced health risks and much less expenditure on vaccines.
The farmer can easily do a stock count of the chickens and the chickens will not have access to the eggs.The eggs will roll out of their reach after laying.
Further,it is much easier to feed the chickens and provide water as these will be poured into their feeders and drinkers attached to the battery cages.Therefore,wastage of feed is much more reduced unlike in the dry or deep litter system.
The battery cage is better suited as the egg production is higher than in the deep litter because movement is restricted which makes the chickens conserve their energy for increase in production levels.
However if you are financially constrained and can not afford to buy battery cages, you may stick to the dry litter system on the following conditions:
1) The evacuation of the chicken droppings must be done twice weekly especially if the farm is in the home where there are other homes around you.Twice weekly evacuation is to maintain a high standard of cleanliness and to reduce the risks of infection to the chickens.
2)You must have adequate space to operate a deep litter system. There must be no overcrowding of chickens.Overcrowding is a hazard. Using battery cages conserves space.
Take note that there are minimum feeding space and floor space requirements to observe in the deep litter system at different stages of growth.Adequate floor space in the deep litter system is an absolute necessity because overcrowding chickens leads to poor growth and development and rapid spread of diseases.
3)The cleaning exercise in the dry litter system is a more tedious exercise than in the battery system.
There are different types of cages available in the market.There are the old manual system or the automated system. There is the 2 tier (60 birds/unit), 3 tier types(90 birds/unit)&4 tier.
There are also cages for 90,96, 108, 120 birds,144 birds,192 birds etc. Also there are imported brand new, imported(old,used in Nigeria),refurbished cages and locally fabricated brand new in the Nigerian market.
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For verifiable testimonials from satisfied users,the link is http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS.
For a beginner,it is wise to count the cost before starting out.You should know how much it will cost you to feed a certain number of chickens for a given period for instance, how much to feed day old chickens from day one to about 18-22 weeks that egg production is expected to commence.
It is either you use ready made feeds to feed your chickens or you formulate your own feed which could be cheaper for you but the cost effectiveness of feed formulation plan depends on your scale of operations and other factors.
You should know how to make a realistic income forecast taking into account the general rule in egg production and its exceptions to arrive at a reasonable egg production estimate
Some farmers venture into poultry business rearing chicken without knowing the feeding cost upfront.Along the way, they became cash strapped. Some panic by changing the feed without proper guidance which compounds the problem.
Before changing their feed, get proper counsel from an animal nutritionist and better still make adequate financial provision to feed the birds for at least 22 weeks.
To formulate your own feed on your own farm, please consult a nutritionist for advice on nutritional ratios to formulate the feed.
You need to know the cost of setting up farm assets such as the chicken pen, store rooms for feed and eggs, farm house,water source etc and you should know the variable costs such as feeding and medication costs, cleaning,vet fees, staff wages etc.
In addition, you should know what to expect in terms of egg revenue based on reasonable and realistic egg production estimates. Poultry report number 4 on this blog has the details how to do a realistic egg production estimate. Visit the resource materials link below.
For starters who are new to poultry farming and wish to invest in it and require solid and tested information, take note of the following links:
For valuable resource materials,the link is http://wp.me/p11ziB-ZD
For verifiable testimonials,the link is http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS.
Poultry farming is a lucrative business in Nigeria but also a sensitive business. However, the sensitivity is manageable and the message of this blog is to encourage you to set up a small chicken farm and learn how to manage it successfully with the barest minimum upsets and smile to the bank
In Nigeria, the market for poultry products is very large and the market for eggs is price inelastic. But do not allow anyone to mislead you to invest in it, on an assumption that it is an easy road or a get-rich -quick route without sweat because it is not. However, there is assurance that if well managed from inception, it will provide you with a steady regular source of income. Guaranteed!
There are three types of chickens in the context of this blog. There are the pullets commonly known as layers in Nigeria and are reared for egg production and the most lucrative. The second type is the broiler chicken for meat production. The third type is the cockerel also reared for meat production.
It requires having the right knowledge to be able to do the right things at the right time to get the right results. It requires hard work and prompt attention to details.
Starting small is the best way to enter and learn the business. You may start with as low as 100-500 chickens depending on your pocket to learn it. If you can operate 100-500 chicks successfully, then you can do any number of chickens. What you will learn from 100-500 chickens tells you whether you can cope with larger numbers.
Before you go into any business ask yourself,’ what knowledge or skill or experience am i bringing into this business? Provide a sincere answer to it but if you cannot, just suspend that plan and go look for knowledge through apprenticeship or formal schooling or self development avenues such as books and manuals on the topic.
To acquire the right skills and to have a detailed and informed opinion of poultry farming, please follow this blog and take note of the following:
For valuable resource materials,the link is http://wp.me/p11ziB-ZD
For verifiable testimonials,the link is http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS.
Marketing ability to identify where the immediate and potential markets are before starting the business is important, to be able to sell the products at the appropriate time. The eggs have a short shelf life and it is unwise to continue to feed matured birds for long periods after maturity for sale without selling them.
Though markets for poultry products are many in Nigeria,a farmer may need to consult to find a market and sell o time to avoid losses. Therefore, marketing mismanagement or an inadequate marketing plan or inadequate marketing strategies to sell poultry products at the appropriate time can cause losses to the farmer.
Click here: http://wp.me/p11ziB-ZD & http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS
Poor Farm Location
You are welcome to my acclaimed poultry blog where i share my little skills and experience in poultry farming business for the benefit of anyone who has ears to hear, who can believe and can apply what he learns here.if you are new to poultry farming, you are advised to read the 40+ articles on this blog as a starting point.
Poultry farming business is a viable and lucrative business in Nigeria and used to be one of the most feared or dreaded. i acknowledge that there are sweet and bitter aspects in this business but the bitter aspects can be managed if you have the right information to manage them. The details of the sweet and bitter aspects of this business have been fully discussed in the previous 40+ posts.
Talking about a business that has a guaranteed market, a steady and rising demand for its products and a business that has no religious or cultural taboos in Nigeria,and potential for good returns on investment, it is poultry farming business especially the chicken aspect ie the layers, broilers and cockerels.
For verifiable evidence of some who have heard, believed and applied the resources on this blog and have testimonials,click http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS. To view some of the blog resources that have made a unique difference to them, click http://wp.me/p11ziB-ZD.
I want to talk about what makes a good location for success in poultry farming which is an area where some have had problems which affected the business. A good farm site is crucial to success in the business. There are many factors to take note of in site selection.
A good farm location must not have been used for poultry farming for about 5 years previously.The location should be situate near a source of regular and clean water.Flowing streams and deep wells are good but ponds are not good.The land should have a gentle slope that can drain water. A flat terrain may be bad if it cannot drain water and a hilly land that suffers from erosion is not good.
To be continued
How to increase egg production in layers chickens
You are welcome to my poultry blog that teaches you how to set up and manage a small and profitable poultry farm with the barest minimum upset, smiling to the bank.
Click on the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS for some testimonials from satisfied followers and readers who have used this blog’s resources and have smiled.
Click on the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-ZD for some of the blog resources that have made a unique difference and have become a reference.
I have received calls from some farmers who complained about poor egg production from their layers chickens.
There are various factors that can be responsible for poor egg production in layers chickens and include the following:
• Sudden changes in light
• Excessive medication
• Vaccination stress reactions
• Sanitation and hygiene related issues
• Inadequate floor spacing and ventilation challenges
• Poor feeding and poor watering
Poultry parasites are either internal or external and pose serious discomfort to the chickens and can cause failing health for them.
The internal parasites are the worms that hinder the growth and development and also cause a drop in egg production by feeding on the chickens.
The external parasites are lice and mites. The lice live under their wings while the mites live in cracks and openings during the day but come out at night to feast on the chickens by sucking their blood and causing great discomfort.
The solution to parasites is to deworm the chickens regularly and use appropriate medication to treat them against the external parasites.
Sudden change in lightning
The lighting should be steady and sudden flashes of light and frequent interruption of light should be avoided as these adversely affect egg production.
Also, sudden loud noises around the farm can frighten the chickens and can hinder egg production.
Diseases are the major cause of drop in egg production in layers chickens. The health administration should be handled meticulously by trained personnel. Chicken health is sensitive. Sick chickens are to be isolated in a sick bay for treatment and recuperation. The vaccine plan must be strictly adhered to.
Vaccine stress reaction
Some of the vaccines administered to the chickens can create negative reactions in the chickens such as stress. Therefore anti-stress drugs should be administered before and after the administration of certain types of vaccines.
Excessive medication should also be avoided because the chickens may become drug dependent. Excessive medication can affect egg turnover. Therefore, drugs should be given when necessary and over medication in volume and frequency must be avoided.
Cannibalism occurs when chickens confined in the same pen peck on each others toes, back and feathers causing serious injuries.
Suggested solutions are as follows:
Ensure adequate floor spacing based on the recommended floor spacing
Ensure the chicken pen is adequately ventilated
Ensure the feed contains enough salt
Ensure balanced feeding and watering
Ensure uniform light spacing
De-beak the birds at the appropriate times
Isolate injured birds as quickly as possible not to infect the rest
Ensure that you purchase healthy stock of chickens with proven health status free from any infections when starting the farm
Ensure high hygienic standards as chickens do not perform well in unclean environs
Inadequate floor spacing
Adequate floor spacing prevents overcrowding and poor ventilation is a serious health hazard. Therefore, the pens must be properly ventilated without blocking the sources of air and light.
Poor feeding and poor watering
Ensure balanced feeding
Avoid sudden changes in feeding formula
Avoid over feeding the chickens
Avoid water starvation as it will surely lead to drop in egg production
I, John Ayodele welcome you to this highly rated and acclaimed poultry blog for Nigerians that teaches what it takes to do chicken farming successfully with the barest minimum upset and smile to the bank
The unique poultry reports and manuals below in p.d.f have generated many unique testimonials from satisfied clients.You can read a few of them at the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS The reports are as follows:
1) How to set up and operate a profitable poultry (layer) farm in Nigeria (A Beginner’s guide)
2) How to set up and operate a profitable broiler chicken farm (A Starter’s Guide).
3) The third report is titled ‘Compounded Feed Mix for layers & broilers (A Beginner’s Guide).This report has full details of all the ingredients in the feed and the various nutritional ratios for each phase of growth -brooding phase, grower phase, laying phase etc
4) The 4th report is a detailed Profit Analysis for set up of 1000 layers chicken farm and includes the following:
a) The basics of egg production figures in layers chickens:
it explains how to make realistic egg revenue projection, not bogus figures based on common wrong assumptions. And it explains the general rule in egg production and the six exceptions to the rule apply to arrive at realistic egg projections which many Nigerians are not aware of, or do not understand, and which makes a huge difference in poultry farming management.
b) The food consumption of a layers chicken in kg from day old age to 56 days old i.e initial 8 week
The food consumption of a layers chicken in kg from 57 days old to 140 days old i.e 9th to 20th week
The food consumption level of a layers chicken in kg from day age 141 days to end of egg production i.e. above 20th week to end of egg production
c) The cost and breakdown of equipment required to set up a 1000 bird layers farm
d) How to calculate the feeding cost on a daily, weekly and monthly basis.
e) The principles or rules guiding feeding in layers chickens
f) The principles that determine profitability in layers chickens
This Profit Report 4 is based on using commercial feeds to raise the chickens and minimum price per crate
5) The 5th report is Chicken Disease Control &Drug Administration Report which discusses the more common poultry diseases affecting chickens in Nigeria to watch out for (cause, symptoms, treatment &prevention). Also, a guide on vaccine administration from day 1 to end of egg production.
6) The 6th report is a valuable report which discuss the following details:
A)The factors to note before setting up a home backyard
B) The 22 major variables to take note of in poultry farming
C) How to address the loop in egg production that farm staff can exploit to your disadvantage
D) Other atrocities committed by farm staffs and dishonest consultants that can cause losses & preventive measures
E)Recommended places to get some poultry products and services.
If you are interested in layer farming, this 6th report is an essential, in addition to Report 1(layer report) above.
7) Report 7 is a Profitability Analysis for 12 months for a 1000 layers laid out on MS Excel format. It is similar to report 4 but is a more detailed analysis. To view its contents, click on http://wp.me/p11ziB-r1.
This report 7 has been updated in January 2016 to analyze the profit based on (A) Using commercial chicken feed to raise the chickens and (B) Using self milled feeds to feed the chickens. Further, this report presents to you the profit calculation in two scenarios – the excellent case scenario where the egg production is higher and the worst case scenario where the egg production is lower. 3rdly, this report reflects the diminishing pattern in egg production which occurs after a period of consistent production. 4th, it contains the cash flow projections for the period.
Note: That this Report 7 is available in 2 formats. One format is Profit Analysis for 1000 layers chickens based on feeding with commercial feeds.
The second format is Profit Analysis for 1000 layers chickens based on feeding with self-milled feeds.They are two separate reports and each has working notes explaining the calculations
8) The Working Notes: That teach you how to do all the necessary calculations of incomes and expenditures and how to make a budget before you start the farm.It explains the calculation of all the figures in Report 7.
9) Self Milling Chicken Feed Profitability Analysis Report
10) Meat Production Plant Report
11) Poultry Business Plan
I present a wonderful package of poultry reports at unbeatable cheap prices
In addition to these reports are the following unique bonuses:
A) Picture Guide: A standard layout design of a poultry farm. With this, no need troubling yourself about the layout of the farm buildings and facilities.
B) Breakdown of materials/cost of constructing a Chicken Pen for 1000 chickens.
C) Picture Guide: Dimensions for Arrangement of Battery Cages in the Chicken Pen
D) Picture Guide: Chicken Pen Layout design for a 5000 capacity farm (showing the setup of flushing system within the pen + specific measurements)
E) A Standard Cockerel Vaccine Report
F) Poultry Waste Management Report
HOW TO ORDER:
1) Report 1 costs N3500 and reports 2,3 and 4,5,6 and 9 cost N3000.00 each.
Report 7 (a) for Profit Analysis in Excel Format along with its Working Note Report 8(a) cost N7500.00 for the analysis based on using commercial feeds.
Report 7 (b) for Profit Analysis in Excel Format along with its Working Note Report 8(b) cost N6,500.00 for the analysis based on using self milled feeds.
Pick any of the above reports in Option 1 at the prices stated OR
TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE DISCOUNT OPTIONS AS FOLLOWS:
2)Invest in Poultry Reports 1 to 6 + 9 in one order i.e. 7 reports for N12500.00 and the unique bonuses A to F are attached.
3) Reports 1,2,3,4,5,6,7a,8a and 9 with all the 6 bonuses A-F costs N17500.00
4) Reports 1,2,3,4,5,6,7b,8b and 9 with all the 6 bonuses A-F costs N16500.00
5) Reports 1,2,3,4,5,6,7a,8a,7b,8b & 9 ie all the 11 poultry reports and all 6 bonuses for N20000.00
Payment details are as follows:
Bank: First Bank Nigeria Plc.
Account Number: 2017277846 (J.O & EL Ventures)
Send payment details + email address + details of reports required to Phone number +2348035978352 or/and Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
On the receipt of bank confirmation, the reports paid for will be forwarded to your email address