Archive for November 2011

Poultry Farming : Know This…Before You Set Up Your Farm   7 comments

This is the 10th post on this blog.
Are you a Nigerian? Are you interested in Chicken Farming?

I wish to share with you my little knowledge and farm experience in Poultry Farming.This blog and its posts are targeted at people especially Nigerians who wish to invest in poultry farming business and who need accurate information and guidance about how to go about it.

Poultry farming is one of the most viable businesses any one can do either on a small or large scale. The bulk of Nigeria’s poultry needs is met by imports either directly or by smugglers which confirms the existence of a large market.The present high cost of chicken and eggs indicate the level of scarcity of the products. Besides the ready market awaiting the products, all the needed materials including feed and machinery are locally available here in Nigeria.

On this blog, you will be presented with sincere facts about the business, the beautiful as well as the ugly aspects of the business to give you a balanced opinion to make up your mind.You will see the two sides of the coin very clearly.

Setting up a poultry farm, the following are essential:
1) The chickens have special needs and you as a chicken farmer should be prepared to do what it takes to meet their needs.If you cannot, better to find another business.

2)Set up and operational costs (Cost Analysis)
You need to know the start-up & operational costs of the poultry venture before you start it. Some start foolishly,then get stuck and stranded along the way.The chickens don’t listen to your stories that there is no money to feed them.You must find the money quickly else you lose the whole investment.

3) It is essential that you understand the important and essential aspects of chicken farming which work together to make a profitable farm a reality.What has been posted on this blog is only the tip of the ice in poultry farming.There is much more detail to learn to be able to do well in it.There are essential management issues about the business which must be clearly understood and not to be taken for granted

4) See the business as an investment and pay attention to it.

5) Understand chicken housing design and minimum floor space requirements. Get it right before you start else you are in trouble.

6) The management of the farm is one of the most crucial elements i.e. who will manage the farm. Get an informed, capable and trusted person to manage the farm. If you cannot, please look for another business

For unique poultry reports on effective and efficient farm set up and operations,visit the poultry reports section @

John Ayodele


Poultry Farming: The Goldmine in The Business   1 comment

This is the 9th post of this blog.

A 600 chicken farm is a micro-farm which can be set up in a home backyard. Do you know that if you have 600 healthy layer chickens producing eggs for you,your monthly gross revenue from eggs alone isĀ  aboutĀ  N300k? That is if you run the business well in the right manner and understand the income arithmetic. Next time you see a chicken on the street,you are seeing a potential goldmine.

One of the most common fears is the fear of chicken deaths or high failure rates or mortality rates.I disagree to a large extent. Chickens die.Is that any big deal? Don’t humans die? Are chickens and humans not living things? Do we have power over our living and death? Do not humans with the best comforts of life – food, money,drugs & other essentials of life- slump and die?

If you are afraid that some of your chickens may die, why are you not afraid of driving? Or eating? Or sleeping? Or marrying? It is a risk too to drive a car, to eat, to sleep and to marry a husband or a wife.People get killed while driving.People eat poisoned food and die.People sleep and do not wake up.People often marry the wrong partners and come out of it with scars and bruises and regrets and life goes on.if you are scared of risk, do not ever step out of your bedroom because you may get hurt.

Do not be afraid or scared of the business on account of chicken deaths. Prepare your mind that you will lose some chickens.The standard normal mortality rate is 8-10% of your stock per year provided that you have done everything that you should do. If you have 100 layer chickens, you should not lose more than 10 in 12 months. if you do lose chickens over 10%, then it is abnormal and indicates that something is obviously wrong that should be promptly investigated and corrected.

In many cases, it is due to farmer ignorance or negligence by the failure to do what is necessary at the right time. For example,one farmer in Port Harcourt reared 100 broilers and gave them vitamins only as advised by another ignorant farmer.She was unaware that there is a standard vaccination schedule for broiler chickens.

Unfortunately, she lost most of the broilers.Now she is rearing layers with the right information and doing well. Another instance is where you fail to do the evacuation of the chicken droppings at the appropriate time.If the chickens get affected by diseases and as a result the farm experiences chicken deaths or poor production,is this not negligence on the part of the farmer?.

Assume you lose 10% of the chickens during the year which means that you now have 540 old layers to dispose.If you dispose during Christmas,the selling price was a minimum N700.00 in Lagos @ Xmas 2009.You earn about N380,000 from the sale as an addition to the revenue earned from the sales of eggs during the egg production period.Your sources of income are egg sales, sales of the layers at the end of the laying period and sales of chicken waste i.e. poultry manure to crop farmers.

The statistics here is a realistic projection,not a hype.For you to realize this revenue, you must understand all the processes and workings of the business and apply them meticulously.

You must have properly managed the chickens from inception and also operate the farm under excellent conditions. Managing the chickens properly from inception and operating the farm under excellent condition is where the real work is.

This is not a business you set up and hand over to just anyone to manage for you because they may not represent your interests the way you expect.The owners personal attention to supervise the farm is very necessary even if he has personnel in charge. Now,if the owner does not know how poultry farming operates,then how will he know what is going on?If the staff know the chicken business better than the owner,they may rip him off and take him for a ride.

This is the reason why it is essential that the owner should have some knowledge of the business to be able to understand what is going on in the business.Knowledge is one of the greatest assets in business.If however you can get a trusted and competent and trained hand to manage it for you,all will be well.But if you put an incompetent hand in charge,you may regret coming into poultry(chicken) business.

Most of those who failed in this business and are spreading negative stories about it are those who ventured into it with a get-rich quick mindset or who had no training in the business or who engaged incompetent hands and had no time to supervise it or those who expected overnight results and had no patience.Livestock farming is hard work and not for the lazy.There is no short cut in the chicken business.

For unique poultry reports on effective and efficient farm set up and operations,visit the poultry reports section @

John Ayodele
Phone: +2348035978352

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: Broiler Chicken Farming Business   3 comments

This is the 8th post of this blog.

The major difference between a success and a failure in poultry farming is information and determination! The quality of information at the disposal of the farmer and the will to follow through matters much and makes much difference.

I will discuss some of the essentials on this blog for the benefit of starters for whom this blog was set up.The full detail is in the poultry reports. Before i go into the essentials, i want to discuss a bit about broiler farming as all the previous posts focused on layer farming business.

The fastest way to make money or to recoup your investment in poultry farming is through broiler chicken farming. Broilers are for meat production and can reared for 5-7-12 weeks.At 5-7 weeks, you can sell them to fast food companies.

The chicken business that will provide you with steady cash flow, daily income over a longer period of time and the more lucrative is layer farming for egg production.However, layer farming is more stressful and more capital intensive than broiler farming. You will rear layers for up to 18- 20-22 weeks before egg production starts and you will maintain them for another 15-18 months on the farm.

If you are supplying broilers to a fast food company, then you must have the financial resources to produce in thousands and regularly too.If you have a small budget, you can rear about 50-100 broilers in your backyard at home and sell at 12 weeks.You can rear them to target a festive period such as Christmas.

If you are rearing a small flock for Christmas, you should start by mid September to first week October and by mid-December, they are ready for sale. Then start selling from December 23 to January 1st.This is the period you can get the best possible prices.Endeavor to sell all by January 1 because,by the following day,January 2nd the prices may crash when demand falls.

If price crashes below your cost of production and you continue to feed the birds,that means you are making a loss.This means that you should produce what you can sell and have to put in extra effort to locate your own market.With good farm management, feeding techniques and marketing strategy,100% profit is assured.

In the layer farming business,once your chickens have commenced egg production,look for 5 egg retailers to tell within or outside your neighborhood..Within few days or weeks, you will see a stream of customers whom you did not tell knocking on your door asking for eggs.The market for eggs is very large.

The third type, the cockerel chicken reared for meat production goes through the same rearing processes as the layers and broilers.The three types have different vaccination schedules.The cockerel is a more rugged bird than the layers and broilers and can survive many odds much better than the others if properly vaccinated from inception. But many do not rear cockerels because they take too long to mature and if you sell in an off season you may make a loss, selling below cost of production.Timing of sale matters

If you are rearing a few broilers and cockerel as a backyard farmer,it is advised that you target a festival period where demand will be high and you can get good prices that will fetch you a clean profit.

The chicken farming business is real good business.Then, it is not as easy as it seems.It is a sensitive business but the risk is manageable.It requires hard work and prompt attention to details.For example,to do well in broiler farming, there are about four main challenges you must solve to have smooth farming operations.

For unique poultry reports on effective and efficient farm set up and operations,visit the poultry reports section @

John Ayodele
Phone: +2348035978352