Archive for April 2013

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: Varying Opinions in the business   2 comments

I will state what i call ‘varying opinions’ They include:

1) The Feeding Plan
Some farmers feed the layer chickens once in day by pouring in all the feed for the day at once.Some feed the chickens twice daily(morning and afternoon) and others feed thrice(morning, afternoon & evening) daily.

2) Transition from Grower Mash to Layer Mash
When the chickens start to drop eggs, some farmers withdraw the growers mash immediately and convert to layers mash.Some wait till they are realizing 10% production before doing the conversion.Some wait till they get 50% egg production. Some base it on the number of weeks, not %. They just continue with the growers mash till about 26 weeks before conversion to layers mash.

3) Some farmers withdraw the growers mash all at once in one day. Some withdraw gradually by mixing 50% growers mash with 50% layers mesh for a few days, then 75%-25% for another period before full conversion to 100%.

The idea of pouring all the feed for the day in the feeders for the layers chickens, i think is not an excellent idea.You can do that for broilers, certainly not for layers especially in the laying phase because it can backfire. When you pour in all the feed at once, you expose them chickens to excess feed and will over eat in the early hours. Excess feed in their body will be converted to excess fat which can block the egg sac and lead to decrease in egg production. The objective is not to overfeed or underfeed them.
John Ayodele


Chicken Farming in Nigeria: Apply Common Sense Before Set Up   5 comments

Common sense is not common but needed in the chicken business.
A starter sets out by building the chicken pen of his own imagination without first making a provision for the operational cost. At the end, he has no money left to set up the chickens and became stranded.The chicken pen was an unnecessary ‘flamboyant structure’ that gulped much money.

Before you set up a chicken farm, check your budget. Decide on the number of chickens to start with and get the operational cost of rearing them to maturity. The balance of your fund will determine the structures to be set up.

If the balance is not sufficient for structures, that means you have to adjust the number of chickens to start with or amend the plan for the structures. I advise that you set up a simple but durable chicken pen first, then when you have made money in the business, you can go for the costlier ‘flamboyant structures’ that flatter your ego. Let reason prevail over your excitement.Hear the truth: Chicken pen aesthetics increase cost of set up but not efficiency.

One of the major challenges in the business scaring away newbies is litter management or chicken waste evacuation. Do not be scared. That problem is manageable. A better option will be what i call the “Gutter system’ or Flushing system i.e. building a gutter under the battery cages to accumulate the chicken wastes.
John Ayodele

Posted April 10, 2013 by johnayodele in Uncategorized

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Poultry (Chicken) Farming: The Consumption Pattern of Eggs in Nigeria   2 comments

Statistics from the Federal Office of Statistics and Food & Agricultural Organization indicate that 2Kg of beef and 4kg of eggs are available to the average Nigerian yearly. That is about 11 grams of egg supply per day when compared with the global accepted recommendation that one person take an egg per day.

To address this protein problem, there is urgent need for massive production of protein based foods in Nigeria at prices that the average Nigerian can afford in view of the economic realities.

One of the avenues to achieve the goal is through poultry farming which constitutes chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, guinea fowls etc. The chickens constitute about 70% of the poultry population in Nigeria therefore the term ‘poultry farming’ is used generally to refer to chicken farming in Nigeria. The major poultry products are eggs and meat.

Consumption Pattern
There is a high demand for poultry products in Nigeria during festivals such as Christmas, New Year, Easter, Id El Fitri, Id El Kabir and others.Fast foods operators, hotels, caterers, restaurants, supermarkets are also major outlets.

Eggs have a variety of uses apart from the household consumption.It is used in the preparation of chicken burger, scotch eggs, salad, baked foods, hair shampoo,ice creams, custard, beverages, snacks and cakes etc. Other outlets include hawkers, retail stores,roadside breakfast canteens,boarding hostels and individuals and many other channels.

Supply Pattern
The bulk supply of eggs comes from small farmers who operate largely home backyard farms containing small holdings of about 100 to 1000 chickens.However, there are big players such as Animal Care Konsult,Obasanjo Farms,CHI Farms, Amo Sanders, Choice Farms,Sambawa Farms, Arewa Farms, UAC Foods and Zartech Limited and others that cannot be listed here.Nevertheless, supply is still lower than demand. Therefore, the egg market is essentially a seller’s market in Nigeria.
John Ayodele