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Poultry Farming in Nigeria: How to Manage Your Chicken Stock Effectively   Leave a comment

Another reason why many small poultry farmers run into problems is their inability to manage their stock of chickens effectively from inception of the farm. A poor chicken management strategy leads to high mortality rates which are the major scare in Nigeria.

Mortality is inevitable but the normal acceptable rate is 8% of the stock per year. Where you have 500 chickens, your maximum acceptable mortality should not exceed 40 chickens if you have good management strategies in place.

To ensure that the mortality does not exceed 8% of the stock per year, there are several issues to take note of. One of them is:

 Start the farm with disease free chicken stock. To start the farm with diseased or sick chickens is a sure and fast lane to disaster in the business. You must buy the chickens from reliable and credible sources.

There are several good sources in Nigeria with good reputation where healthy and disease free chickens can be purchased. Two of the highly recommended sources are Animal Care Konzult and CHI Farms.
You can start the farm with day old chicks or point of lay chickens as a first timer. Starting with day old chicks for a first timer could be a nightmare if the first timer farmer has no experience in handling day old chicks.

The first six weeks in the life of the chicken (the brooder phase) is sensitive which requires good handling else many of the chickens could be lost and which can dampen morale and discourage the farmer.
It could be wiser for a first timer to start with point of lay chickens about 15 weeks old and above which have outgrown the brooder phase and have matured considerably. However, the chickens must be in top range health at the time of purchase.

The vendor should tell you what they have been vaccinated against and what needs to be done in the weeks ahead and  give you their vaccination schedule for you to follow up. Where the vendor cannot give these sensitive details of the health status of the chickens, do not buy.

In addition, you have to inspect the birds to ensure that they are really healthy and there are several things about the birds to take note of during the inspection. A vendor can be dishonest who gives a false report of their vaccination. The physical inspection of the chickens adds value.

Where a farmer starts with diseased chickens, he would have gone far with them and expended much resource in terms of time invested, energy invested, money, feeds and other expenditure before the symptoms begin to manifest and the results could be disastrous.


John Ayodele
Phone: + 2348127920471


Poultry Farming in Nigeria: Veterinary Services, Indispensable to Success!   Leave a comment

One of the major reasons why many small farmers in Nigeria run into serious problems in this business is their neglect of veterinary services. Prevention is always better than cure as far as diseases are concerned but many deliberately and ignorantly wait for diseases to occur before running helter-skelter for a solution which may be too late.

When a farmer thinks he is ‘wise’ in his own eyes, or has a penny wise but pound foolish mindset, he will dispense with veterinary services and turn around later to lament that the chicken farming business is failure prone.

Some farmers believe that a veterinary service is an unnecessary cost, while some believe they can handle the chicken medication as laymen. Many do not see any difference between the hybrid and the local chicken and think that the hybrid can survive without vaccination.

The chickens need prompt and regular vaccination which is meant to keep them in top range health status and protect them from the diseases they were vaccinated against. There is a vaccination time table or program which must be strictly followed with quality drugs and vaccines.

No matter how small the chicken farm, it is highly recommended to have competent veterinary personnel visiting the farm periodically for inspection and management of the birds’ health issues to avoid unpleasant occurrences in the farm.

Veterinary services are indispensable to success and good results in the chicken farming business and must on no account be neglected. It is advised that the chicken farmer have a copy of the vaccination schedule from inception of the farm and be the one to put the veterinary personnel on notice when medication is due.

There are some medications which the farmer can handle himself as a layman but it should be as directed by the veterinary personnel. Their fees are not costly but depend on the size of the farm, number of chickens and work load involved.

Testimonials link:

John Ayodele


Poultry Farming in Nigeria: More Mistakes to Avoid in the Business   Leave a comment

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: More Mistakes to Avoid in the Business

The tendency of the average Nigerian investor is to set up a business on a foundation beyond his knowledge and experience because he sees others doing it. He starts a poultry farm as a large investment of capital and stock which will require immense amounts of energy and funds to maintain which may be beyond his capability.

Some investors have set up, misled by fantastic statistics which make them believe that poultry business is the quickest route to become a millionaire overnight. For example, i read where a poultry promoter gave the impression that one can invest N100, 000.00 to raise up to 1000 broilers and reap 3million. Deception!

Some starters rely on such dubious statistics generated by some arm chair consultant. Some are attracted by the earning potentialities but give no thought to the other side of the coin in the business.
One mistake being made by many inexperienced starters is working out unrealistic profit and cost expectations. One needs to understand the factors or situations that makes realistic profit expectation realizable in poultry farming to be able to make a realistic income forecast.

The best advice is to start modestly on a small scale and in the process of managing it; the owner will be able to know how much can be made from the business. This way, experience can be gained without having to pay high prices for it as in a large first investment. That is the best way for an inexperienced starter to start a poultry farm.

If you are a green horn and have the financial capability to rear 5000 chickens, you may start with 1000 in the first cycle. Based on experience and profits gained, increase the stocks gradually, say every 12 months until the planned maximum capacity is achieved. You can use the profits earned in one cycle to commence another cycle.

In my own opinion, it is not wise for a starter, a green horn to put in all the capital at once on a large chicken farm. You may go ahead anyway if you have adequate financial reserves to fall back on, have the right logistics in place and have the capacity for risk

There are some who have the money to invest in the business but do not have the time. They may have very limited or no poultry knowledge and/or experience and their success in the business are tied to their ability to engage someone as manager to supervise the farm.

The manager must be a knowledgeable, experienced and capable person who has the personality suited for the work. The personality requirements suited for the work include mental and physical abilities.
The personality requirements essential to success in poultry farming, expected of a hired employee manager include:

-Personal liking for the business
-Attention to details as the business is largely composed of details
-Ability to create your own system for the work, not to be tossed about by many. Stick to one system.
-Ability to deploy common sense to take quick and correct decisions when necessary to avert disaster
-Energy and Promptness
-Ability to concentrate time and attention on the work to ensure that no detail is neglected.
If your farm manager lacks the essentials stated above, it is clear that you may have placed your chicken farm in the wrong hands.

John Ayodele

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: The Preferred Business Without Taboos   Leave a comment

Poultry business is one of the best preferred businesses to do in Nigeria.

There are no taboos prohibiting the production and consumption of poultry products anywhere in Nigeria. The 150 million Nigerians consume poultry products in one form or the other. There are an estimated 20+ million households in Nigeria.

For example, you cannot set up a piggery in many parts of the North of Nigeria where the religion forbids consumption of pork. Therefore, the chicken market is a far larger and guaranteed market without any cultural/religious restrictions or prohibitions affecting it all over Nigeria.

You can set up a chicken farm in any part of Nigeria without having any troubled conscience as regards violating any religious or cultural taboos and you are sure of market patronage anywhere in Nigeria…Guaranteed!

John Ayodele

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: 6 Major Facts For Starters To Note   Leave a comment

Are you a Nigerian? Are you interested in Chicken Farming?

Poultry farming is one of the most viable businesses any one can do either on a micro, small or large scale. The bulk of Nigeria’s poultry needs are met by imports either directly or by smugglers which confirm the existence of a large market.

The present high cost of chicken and eggs indicate the level of scarcity of the products. Besides the ready market awaiting the products, all the needed materials including feed and machinery are locally available here in Nigeria.

Setting up a poultry farm, the following are essential:

1) The chickens have special needs and you as a chicken farmer should be prepared to do what it takes to meet their needs. If you cannot, it is better to find another business.

2) Set up and operational costs (Costing Analysis)
You need to know the start-up & operational costs of the poultry venture before you start it. Know the feeding costs before you start and ensure you have the funds ready. Some start foolishly, then get stuck and stranded along the way and end up closing down. The chickens won’t listen to your stories that there is no money to feed them. You must find the money quickly else you lose the whole investment.

3) It is essential that you understand the important and essential aspects of chicken farming which work together to make a profitable farm a reality.

4) See the business as an investment and pay attention to it.

5) Understand chicken housing design and minimum floor space requirements. Get it right before you start else you are in trouble.

6) The management of the farm is one of the most crucial elements i.e. who will manage the farm. Get an informed, capable and trusted person to manage the farm. If you cannot, please look for another business

John Ayodele

Poultry Farming: The Major Scare about the Business in Nigeria   Leave a comment

The major scare about the chicken business in Nigeria is the fear of chicken deaths or high failure rates or mortality rates. Nigerians are scared of businesses that have a risk element or long gestation and prefer to do risk free business that delivers promising returns in the short term.

Is there any risk free business or endeavor? Chickens die. Is that any big deal? Don’t humans die? Are chickens and humans not living things? Do we have power over our living and death? Do not humans with the best comforts of life – food, money, drugs & other essentials of life- slump and die sometimes without cause?

If you are afraid that some of your chickens may die, why are you not afraid of driving? Or eating? Or sleeping? Or marrying? It is a risk too to drive a car, to eat, to sleep and to marry a husband or a wife.

People get killed while driving. People eat food and die. People sleep and do not wake up. People often marry the wrong partners and come out of it with scars and bruises and regrets and life goes on. If you are scared of risk, do not ever step out of your bedroom because you may get hurt.

Do not be afraid or scared of the business on account of chicken deaths. Prepare your mind that you will lose some chickens. The standard normal mortality rate is 8% of your stock per year provided that you have done everything that you should do.

If you have 500 layer chickens, you should not lose more than 40 in 12 months. If you do lose chickens over 8%, then it is abnormal and indicates that something is obviously wrong that should be promptly investigated and corrected.

In many cases, it is due to farmer ignorance or negligence by the failure to do what is necessary at the right time. You must properly manage the chickens from inception and also operate the farm under excellent conditions. Managing the chickens properly from inception and operating the farm under excellent condition is where the real work is.

This is not a business you set up and hand over to just anyone to manage for you because they may not represent your interests the way you expect. The owner’s personal attention to supervise the farm is very necessary even if he has personnel in charge. This is the reason why it is essential that the owner should have some knowledge of the business to be able to understand what is going on in the business. Knowledge is one of the greatest assets in business.

If however you can get a trusted and competent and trained hand to manage it for you, all will be well. But if you put an incompetent hand in charge, you may regret coming into poultry (chicken) business and think that witches are after you.

Most of those who failed in this business and are spreading negative stories about it are those who ventured into it with a get-rich quick mindset or who had no knowledge in the business or who engaged incompetent hands and had no time to supervise it or those who expected overnight results and had no patience. Livestock farming is hard work and not for the lazy.

John Ayodele

Poultry Farming: Which Type of Chicken is the Best to Start With?   Leave a comment

The fastest way to make money or to recoup your investment in poultry farming is through broiler chicken farming. Broilers are for meat production and are reared for 5-7-12 weeks. At 5-7 weeks, you can sell them to eateries and fast food companies.

The chicken business that will provide you with steady cash flow, daily income over a longer period of time and the more lucrative is layer farming for egg production. However, layer farming is more stressful and more capital intensive than broiler farming. You will rear layers for up to 18- 20-22 weeks before egg production starts and you will maintain them for another 15-18 months on the farm.

If you are supplying broilers to a fast food company, then you must have the financial resources to produce in thousands and regularly too. If you have a small budget, you can rear about 50-100 broilers in your backyard at home and sell at 12 weeks. You can rear them to target a festive period such as Christmas where demand is higher.

If you are rearing a small flock for Christmas, you should start by mid-September to first week October and by mid-December, they are ready for sale. Then start selling from December 23 to January 1st.This is the period you can get the best possible prices. Endeavor to sell all by January 1 because, by the following day, January 2nd the prices may crash when demand falls.

If price crashes below your cost of production and you continue to feed the birds, that means you are making a loss. This means that you should produce what you can sell and have to put in extra effort to locate your own market. With good farm management, feeding techniques and marketing strategy, 100% profit is assured.

In the layer farming business, once your chickens have commenced egg production, look for 2 egg retailers to tell within or outside your neighborhood. Within few days or weeks, you will see a stream of customers whom you did not tell knocking on your door asking for eggs. The market for eggs is very large.

The third type, the cockerel chicken reared for meat production goes through the same rearing processes as the layers and broilers. The three types have different vaccination schedules. The cockerel is a more rugged bird than the layers and broilers and can survive many odds much better than the others if properly vaccinated from inception.

But some do not rear cockerels because they take too long to mature for sale (about 5-6 months) and if you sell in an off season you may make a loss, selling below cost of production. Timing of the sale matters, take note.

If you are rearing a few broilers and cockerel as a backyard farmer, it is advised that you target a festival period where demand will be high and you can get good prices that will fetch you a clean profit.
The chicken farming business is real good business.

Then, it is not as easy as it seems. It is a sensitive business but the risk is manageable. It requires hard work and prompt attention to details. For example, to do well in broiler farming, there are about four main challenges you must solve to have smooth farming operations.
John Ayodele