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Poultry Farming in Nigeria: How to Start with Day old Chickens   Leave a comment

Many small farmers especially those going into the business for the first time are scared of starting with day old chickens for the fear of high mortality due to inexperience and ignorance.

To be adequately prepared for successful brooding and rearing, among many other details, the following should be noted by a starter:

  • Buy the day old chickens from a reliable source with good track record and one of them is Animal Care Konsult in Nigeria.
  • Ensure the chickens have been vaccinated against new castle disease, chicken bronchitis and brooder pneumonia.
  • Ensure the chicken pen is ready before their arrival by disinfecting it about 3 times in the two weeks preceding their arrival, and spread wood shavings on the floor.
  • Ensure the doors and windows are closed and heated for at least 3 hours before their arrival. The temperature requirement for the first week is 35 centigrade.
  • Ensure the brooders house is spacious enough to accommodate the chickens
  • Any weak, sick or deformed chickens should be separated from the main flock for appropriate treatment and closely monitored in the first week and fed with balanced feeds.
  • Watch the birds closely. When they are huddled together, it indicates they are feeling cold and when they are warm, they disperse. Regulate the temperature according to their heat requirements in the initial 4-6 weeks.
  • Transporting the chickens to the farm must be done in the early morning hours or late evening to avoid suffocation from exposure to heat.
  • On arrival, give the chickens vitamins in their water to clear stress

For starters: Resource Page:

John Ayodele

Lagos, Nigeria.


Poultry Farming in Nigeria: Facts to Consider Starting a Farm   Leave a comment

Poultry farming business is established as a profitable and good business idea in Nigeria. The Nigerian economy is dependent on the agricultural sector which contributes significantly to national income.
Reasons for starting a poultry business in Nigeria.

It is a lucrative business for individuals and entrepreneurs creating employment opportunities for job seekers

It is a business that can never dry up in Nigeria.

It provides eggs which is a great source of nutrition

Increasing population in Nigeria and the ban on importation of chicken products are a critical driving factor behind the opportunities opened for poultry farmers as a result of the remarkable demand for poultry products

A change in the consumption pattern especially increasing demand for fast foods is driving the demand for chicken products in Nigeria.

Farm Location:
The farm location must not be in a residential area
A plot of land measuring 120 by 60 square meters is sufficient for a medium sized farm but the size of land depends on the number of birds to be raised. For a commercial purpose, land acquisition may be expensive.

Facts to consider:
The land should be in a rural area far away from the cities and where cost of labor and land are cheaper
Select a fresh environment and pollution free area
Doing the business on a rented land is an unwise idea and may fold up the business
High acid water is not good for the birds
Ensure that the area is free from predators, theft and animals
Ensure proximity to markets, customers, transport facilities and motorable roads.

Farm system:
There are 3 profitable farm systems based on weather and climate conditions in Nigeria and they are the extensive system, semi-intensive and the intensive system

Chicken breeds:
There are layers that produce eggs for commercial production
There are the broilers which are very fast growing birds for meat production and gain slaughter weight in a very short time
There are the cockerels which are males for meat production but grow slower than the others

The housing design varies in accordance with the types of poultry raising methods. Factors to consider in the housing design is adequate ventilation essential for good health and productivity in a clean environment that is free from insects and predators
Make it North-South faced and there must be adequate spacing between two houses, about 40 feet.
Poultry cages: for commercial production, poultry cages are suitable.

Marketing: there are no religious or cultural and social taboos affecting the marketing and consumption of chicken products in Nigeria and there is a high demand during festivals

To breed a broiler to 4 weeks cost about N450.00 and the selling price is about N700.00 to N750.00
To breed a table size bird of about 12 weeks cost N2500.00 and the selling price is N3500.00 to N4500.00

John Ayodele

Poultry Business for Nigerians: The Costs of Rearing a Chicken in 2018   Leave a comment

Based on 2018 market prices in Nigeria:
To rear a broiler and sell at 5 weeks, costs about N450.00
The selling price is N700.00 to N750.00
The expected profit is N250.00 to N300.00 per broiler

To rear a broiler to full maturity age 12 weeks, costs about N2500.00
The selling price is N3500.00 and above
The expected profit is N1000.00 minimum but also depends on the season.
Selling prices and profit margins are higher during festivals like Christmas

To rear a layers chicken from day old to egg laying maturity at 20 weeks, costs about N1500.00
Where you have 1000 layers chickens, the costs would be N1.5 million
Where you have 90% egg production, you have 900 eggs per day or 30 crates
Where you have consistent production for 12 months, your expectation would be 30 crates x 30 days x 12 months and that is 10,800 crates of eggs produced in one year
If a crate of eggs is sold on the farm for N700.00, then the revenue from egg sales would be N7,560,000.00

The prices and estimates given above are realistic and are not fantastic figures or hypes.
Take note that the layer chicken can produce eggs for up to 18 months but 12 months was used for consistent production.
Then, you have to consider the costs of feeding the chickens, medication,staff wages and other farm overheads to work out the net profit for the year.
You have to make allowance for mortality at 8% of the chicken stock per year. 8% is the accepted maximum mortality rate if the farm is operated under excellent conditions and running smoothly.

Resource Page:

John Ayodele

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: Essential Facts for Starters to Note   Leave a comment

A layers chicken having a cold will not lay any eggs.

Plenty of fresh air is essential to the health of the birds.

Proper ventilation ensures an exchange of air. Pure air means adequate oxygen and contaminated air means a lack of oxygen and poisonous gases.

A laying hen in deep litter needs exercise, essential to good health, egg production and fertility.

Make the house rat proof and a concrete floor is the best. Rats consume large amounts of chicken feed, pollute the feed and can cause death to the chickens.

Top of the floor should be one foot above the surrounding areas to ensure that it is dry in the rainy season.

Poultry resources:
John Ayodele
Phone: +2348035978352

Posted November 29, 2018 by johnayodele in Uncategorized

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Poultry Farming: Home Backyard Farm Basics for Starters   Leave a comment

A backyard chicken farm is a home farm in a residential neighborhood.
Many Nigerians are backyard poultry farmers with small holdings below 1000 chickens. Some rushed into setting up a home backyard farm without considering the pros and cons of the idea and ran into trouble which could not be managed and were compelled to fold up. Before setting up a home backyard chicken farm in Nigeria, there are many factors to consider for smooth running.

A small chicken farm containing about 200 to 500 to 1000 birds may be set up in the home provided that adequate space is available. The major advantages of a backyard are:
Firstly, the farmer is closer to the farm in terms of proximity and ability to give prompt attention to the chickens which are among the issues necessary to success in the business. Secondly, necessary facilities such as water and electricity will already be in place which makes a backyard farm less capital intensive to set up. Thirdly, the farmer’s family will be able to assist in the management of the farm which means reduced wage bills.

One of the major challenges many backyard farmers have is the chicken waste evacuation which can become a nightmare. Many backyard farmers have problems with their neighbours on account of the offensive odor coming from the chicken waste. The odor results when the chicken waste is not quickly removed from the chicken pen and disposed properly.

• Evacuation of chicken droppings must be done regularly to avoid the offensive odors disturbing the neighbors. If starting the farm with day old birds, the evacuation should be done once in 5 days for as long as egg production is yet to commence if the chickens are layers.

A dirty and smelling chicken house constitutes serious health hazards to the layers chickens which could lead to chicken deaths and increased medication costs. Same applies to broilers and cockerels.

When egg production commences as in layers, then the chicken waste evacuation must be done every 3 days in a backyard farm that operates a deep litter system or a battery cage system that has no pit beneath. Usually, the evacuation is done manually and is a tedious exercise. This may mean engaging someone to do the cleaning when due.

• Ensure that you can dispose the chicken waste properly. It is not to be dumped carelessly because of the health risks. It can be given out to crop farmers or sold to them if there are crop farms around.
If the chicken waste disposal will be a problem that cannot be effectively managed, then do not set up a backyard farm especially in a residential area that is fully built. To do so is to risk trouble with the neighbors who may report to the local government and you will be compelled to close down the farm abruptly.

Resource Page:

John Ayodele
Phone: +2348127920417

Poultry Farming: How to tackle egg pilferages and other losses   Leave a comment

One of the problems many small farmers in Nigeria have is egg pilferage by dishonest farm attendants. Where the farmer is an absentee who does not have the time to be in the farm but leaves the farm in the care of the attendants who are dishonest and who steal the eggs, the farm may collapse where small drops soon become an ocean and where the thefts are not checked.

There is no control system that can be 100% effective to stop egg pilferage where the farmer is an absentee and has dishonest farm attendants in charge who steal the eggs. Though it may not be possible to rule out pilferage and thefts completely, it can be reduced to the barest minimum.

There are several ways dishonest farm attendants steal and one of the main avenues is egg pilfering.  One method to tackle egg pilferage is as follows:

When the chickens have commenced egg production and have reached the peak of production and laying consistently, the farmer will be on the farm with the attendants collecting and recording the eggs for one to two weeks.

Then he will calculate what the average collection per day or per week is and this is the figure the attendants must deliver daily henceforth. If the chickens produce above the stated average, they can take the excess but the daily delivery must not fall below the stated average. If it falls, they will have to pay for the shortfall. Make that the rule and condition of their service on the farm.

When the chickens’ egg production enters into the diminishing phase, the farmer has to be there again for a week to calculate a new average collection per day and per week for the attendants to work with. Ensure that the chickens are adequately fed and vaccinated to ensure they are in top range health to produce the eggs.

The above is a suggested effective control for small and micro scale farms to minimize losses from egg pilfering to the barest minimum. This is desirable where the farm may not be able to afford to deploy and maintain technologies like CCTV to monitor the activities of the staff.

Poultry resources: click
Testimonials: click

John Ayodele
Phone: +2348127920417

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: How to Manage Your Chicken Stock Effectively   Leave a comment

Another reason why many small poultry farmers run into problems is their inability to manage their stock of chickens effectively from inception of the farm. A poor chicken management strategy leads to high mortality rates which are the major scare in Nigeria.

Mortality is inevitable but the normal acceptable rate is 8% of the stock per year. Where you have 500 chickens, your maximum acceptable mortality should not exceed 40 chickens if you have good management strategies in place.

To ensure that the mortality does not exceed 8% of the stock per year, there are several issues to take note of. One of them is:

 Start the farm with disease free chicken stock. To start the farm with diseased or sick chickens is a sure and fast lane to disaster in the business. You must buy the chickens from reliable and credible sources.

There are several good sources in Nigeria with good reputation where healthy and disease free chickens can be purchased. Two of the highly recommended sources are Animal Care Konzult and CHI Farms.
You can start the farm with day old chicks or point of lay chickens as a first timer. Starting with day old chicks for a first timer could be a nightmare if the first timer farmer has no experience in handling day old chicks.

The first six weeks in the life of the chicken (the brooder phase) is sensitive which requires good handling else many of the chickens could be lost and which can dampen morale and discourage the farmer.
It could be wiser for a first timer to start with point of lay chickens about 15 weeks old and above which have outgrown the brooder phase and have matured considerably. However, the chickens must be in top range health at the time of purchase.

The vendor should tell you what they have been vaccinated against and what needs to be done in the weeks ahead and  give you their vaccination schedule for you to follow up. Where the vendor cannot give these sensitive details of the health status of the chickens, do not buy.

In addition, you have to inspect the birds to ensure that they are really healthy and there are several things about the birds to take note of during the inspection. A vendor can be dishonest who gives a false report of their vaccination. The physical inspection of the chickens adds value.

Where a farmer starts with diseased chickens, he would have gone far with them and expended much resource in terms of time invested, energy invested, money, feeds and other expenditure before the symptoms begin to manifest and the results could be disastrous.

Testimonies: click

Poultry resources:  click

John Ayodele
Phone: + 2348127920471