Poultry Farming for Nigerians: The Goldmine in Layers Chicken Farming   Leave a comment

A 500 layers chicken farm is a micro-farm which can be set up in a home backyard. Chicken farming especially layers chickens for egg production is a lucrative business where the chickens can lay eggs for 12-18 months.But you have to understand their laying pattern based on consistency in egg production and the diminishing stages in egg production to make reasonable and realistic estimates.

Some over enthusiastic persons jump into the business based on wrong figures and wrong assumptions. Some say that a chicken lays an egg per day and can lay eggs for 24 months. That is a false assumption. The rule is one egg per day but there are about 6 exceptions to this rule. Allowances must be made for the exceptions else you end up with misleading production and figures.

To get the revenue figures right, first make an allowance for mortality. The normal accepted mortality rate is 8% of the stock per year. Where you have 500 chickens, the maximum loss should not exceed 40 chickens in one year.

Secondly, estimate the cost of feeding the chickens in the brooding stage 0-8 weeks; the grower stage 9-20 weeks, and the egg production phase 20 weeks and above. Work the feeding cost for 500 chickens based on using factory finished feeds or self-milled feeds.

Estimate the revenue from egg sales based on the laying pattern of the chickens and calculate for one year egg sales for 460 chickens. In addition, estimate for the sales of the 460 layers at the end of egg production.

Thirdly, make estimates for the other farm overheads to be incurred such as wages, water, electricity, vaccines and the rest.

At the end of egg production, you sell the birds as spent layers. It sold for N1400.00 per bird during Christmas 2017. Selling the 500 spent layers fetches N700, 000.00. The market for old layers during Christmas is a large business in Nigeria.

You make money only if you run the business well in the right manner and have healthy chickens to produce eggs and can sustain them alive to the end of egg production. If you can understand the income and expenses arithmetic, next time you see a chicken walking on the street, you are seeing a potential goldmine.

To make the income arithmetic easier for starters to understand, i have done the profit analysis for 500 chickens based on market prices as at March 8, 2018.
John Ayodele


Poultry Farming: How to Avoid Common Errors That Kills The Business   Leave a comment

If you are a starter viewing intending to invest in a small chicken farm, there are many errors to avoid which many make out of ignorance or negligence which causes losses. Chickens require good handling and that makes it a sensitive business.

There is a general misconception in Nigeria that poultry farming is failure-prone and a ‘no-go area”. This is very far from the truth. The main reason why the business is dreaded by many starters is the fact that some who failed in it dabbled into it without adequate knowledge about how it operates.
Some are knowledgeable but not willing or able to do what is necessary to ensure smooth operations.

Therefore, they often make serious, avoidable errors based on their ignorance and/or negligence and come out with regrets and a tale of woe which is spread to discourage others.
There are 3 stages in the life of a layer chicken-the brooding stage, the rearing stage and the laying stage.

The brooding stage is where the day old chickens are kept in a brooders house for a maximum of 8 weeks. At this stage they need experienced handling and adequate care; else many may die within this period. It takes experience and good handling to rear the chickens with minimum loss at this stage.
Some starters avoid day old chicks and start with point-of-lay chickens but you must buy healthy point-of -lay from reputable sources.

The brooding stage is the most critical period in the life of a chicken and it is at this point that many starters make the errors which can lead to total loss of investment. There is an array of errors often made by inexperienced starters and some are as follows:

-Locating the brooders house too close to the rearing house for older birds
-Using same attendant to attend to chickens in the brooders house as well as older birds
-Housing chickens of different ages together in the same chicken pen
-Mixing chickens from different hatcheries together in the same chicken pen
-Overcrowding (not observing the minimum floor space requirements per chicken)
-Bad litter management
-Not knowing when the chickens are uncomfortable and how to attend to it.
John Ayodele

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: Encouraging Poultry News for Starter Farmers   Leave a comment

According to a statement attributed to a research organization, Nigeria has been losing about N400 billion annually to smuggling of poultry products into Nigeria. It was also stated based on research reports that:

Local production of chickens is falling short of the demand which has created an avenue for smuggling. The local demand for frozen chicken is 2 million metric tons annually but the local farmers can only produce 300,000 metric tons leaving a shortfall of 1.7 million metric tons bridged by smugglers to the tune of about 1.2 million metric tons

The smuggled frozen chicken are unhealthy for consumption being preserved with formalin which is a dangerous chemical used to preserve corpses. The smuggled frozen chicken is sold at far lower prices than the local produced Nigerian frozen chicken thereby capable of killing local chicken industry

The smuggled frozen chicken contain high levels of bacteria that is responsible for digestive and intestinal health issues among consumers of frozen chicken.Smuggled frozen chicken is contaminated and therefore is linked to kidney and liver diseases and life threatening food borne diseases.

How does this news affect you and me? We should invest in poultry farming business especially egg production and frozen chicken. There is a high demand for these products and a huge shortfall in the supply pattern requiring more investors.
John Ayodele

Posted March 19, 2018 by johnayodele in Uncategorized

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Poultry Farming for Nigerians: Major Challenges for Small Farmers   Leave a comment

One of the major challenges in the business besides the high cost of feeding is the chicken waste management and evacuation. The layers chickens during the egg production phase generate a lot of chicken droppings which can become a nightmare for a farmer who is not prepared for the challenge.

For those who have their small farms in residential areas, this can cause a headache and an inconvenience to the neighbors. The chicken droppings if not properly managed can cause the neighborhood to be hostile towards the farm. The odour from the chicken droppings is a health hazard.

Setting up a small farm in a residential area, the farmer must know how to dispose the chicken droppings. It is advised that the chicken droppings be evacuated every 3 days either the farms operates the deep litter system to avoid serious health dangers to the chickens which are within reach of their droppings.

The health risk is worse in the deep litter system because the chicken waste contains ammonia which constitutes a grave health risk. But if the farms operates a battery cage system that has a gutter or pit beneath the battery cages where the chicken droppings accumulate, the health risks are reduced as the chickens are further away from their droppings.
John Ayodele

Poultry Farming for Nigerians: Is it Still a Profitable Business?   Leave a comment

An over enthusiastic Nigerian who rushes headlong into poultry business in which he has little or no information or experience will surely burn his fingers. Many starters in the business are dreamers who invest first based on overrated ideas without first evaluating and analyzing their plans.
When i went into chicken farming many years ago, i was a victim of over enthusiasm which burned my fingers badly. My first investment was a disaster that cost me a loss of a million naira within months. I learned the hard way.

Poultry business especially the layers chicken aspect for egg production is generally viewed as a high risk business by many Nigerians who seem to be scared of it. One Nigerian said that it is a business that can lift one up and can also smash him flat on the ground.

It is a good business that has a large market demand for its products especially eggs. A layers chicken farmer will definitely sell his eggs within a few days…that is sure. He will have customers seeking for more eggs than he can supply to them.

However, many chicken farmers are complaining about the high cost of chicken feeds which adversely affects the business bottom line. Some have been frustrated and have closed down their farms. Some see the business as a bad business not worth investing in. One woman said that there is too much work than money in the business which makes it a bad business.

Is it still a profitable business worth investing in?

That is the question an intending investor must find concrete answers to before throwing in his money. The usual unfortunate problem is that many Nigerians blindly jump into a business simply because someone is doing it, without first analyzing its viability. They jump in based on what someone said without seeing the figures to be sure.

The major overhead in the business is the chicken feeds. There are factory finished feeds which many farmers complain about being too costly which impacts negatively on their bottom line. These feeds are top range quality produced by multinational companies or conglomerates such as Top Feeds, Boar Feeds, Livestock Feeds and others. Another feeding option is where the farmer assembles various feed ingredients and does self-milling using a prescribed formulation ratio.

How would a small farmer do his analysis to assess the profitability of the business before spending his money to set up structures? First, it is necessary to do a comparison of feeding costs by comparing factory finished feeds with self-milling feed option to know if there are any significant cost savings. Secondly, it is essential to assess the overall profitability by comparing projected egg revenues to the projected expenses to see if there are any profits and how significant the profit margins can be.

For small farmers,i have done a short report based on comparing using both factory finished feeds self-milling option based on market prices as at March 8, 2018. This report indicates the costs of feeding 500 layers chickens from day old age through the brooding phase, the grower phase and the egg production phase, using factory finished feeds and the self-milled feeding option showing the potential cost savings between the two options.

The second part of the report assesses the overall profitability of a 500 layers chicken farm taking note of the projected egg revenues and the projected expenses. The report indicates how the egg production is estimated to give realistic egg production figures as well as the projected expenses. Then the farmer must know how to manage certain expenses to keep them to the barest minimum.
The conclusion is that the business is still profitable and worth investing in, in present day Nigeria.
John Ayodele

Posted March 17, 2018 by johnayodele in Uncategorized

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Poultry Farming in Nigeria: How to Know a Good Farm Site For Poultry   1 comment

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: How to Know a Good Farm Site For Your Poultry Business

This post is a follow up to an earlier post at http://wp.me/p11ziB-10m

The neighbours on the site must be friendly. That means you must never set up a poultry farm in a hostile environment.

The right or the desired quality of workers must be available at a reasonable cost and resident near the site.

The farm site should be as close as possible to the center of demand for the poultry products
Proximity to a main road for easier and faster movement to the market

Availability of land in the area for possible future expansion

Communication facilities are necessary

Availability of consultants and animal doctors are crucial and must be accessible to the site and also to be available on demand at the fastest possible time.

Posted May 29, 2017 by johnayodele in Uncategorized

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Poultry Farming in Nigeria: The Hazards in Overcrowding the Chicken Pen   Leave a comment

Many Nigerians do deep litter system because the poultry battery system is more capital intensive and the battery cages too costly to acquire. But the common mistake many make in setting up a deep litter system is overcrowding which causes serious problems.

Overcrowding chickens is a serious hazard that can cause poor egg production in layers chicken farming. From inception, the farmer should know how many chickens his chicken pen can safely accommodate at various ages of development of the chickens.

For example, if the intended poultry chicken pen size is 40 feet by 40 feet, he should know how many chickens the pen can accommodate by the time the chickens enter the egg laying phase. If he is starting with day old chickens, how many chickens can a brooders house of a certain size accommodate?

The solution is to know the amount of square feet of space that a poultry chicken requires at various ages of development from brooder status to egg laying ages. Not to know this is to plan for avoidable stress and failure.

if the farmer can calculate from inception how many chickens his intended chicken pen size can reasonably accommodate in the egg laying phase that the chickens are fully matured, he will know how many chickens to buy as starting stock. Many buy more than necessary and find out too late that they have overstocked and cannot quickly expand their facilities

John Ayodele