Archive for the ‘poultry farming in nigeria’ Tag

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: How to Boost Egg Production   Leave a comment

How to increase egg production in layers chickens

You are welcome to my poultry blog that teaches you how to set up and manage a small and profitable poultry farm with the barest minimum upset, smiling to the bank.

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I have received calls from some farmers who complained about poor egg production from their layers chickens.

There are various factors that can be responsible for poor egg production in layers chickens and include the following:
• Parasites
• Sudden changes in light
• Diseases
• Excessive medication
• Vaccination stress reactions
• Cannibalism
• Infections
• Sanitation and hygiene related issues
• Inadequate floor spacing and ventilation challenges
• Poor feeding and poor watering

 Parasites
Poultry parasites are either internal or external and pose serious discomfort to the chickens and can cause failing health for them.
The internal parasites are the worms that hinder the growth and development and also cause a drop in egg production by feeding on the chickens.

The external parasites are lice and mites. The lice live under their wings while the mites live in cracks and openings during the day but come out at night to feast on the chickens by sucking their blood and causing great discomfort.

The solution to parasites is to deworm the chickens regularly and use appropriate medication to treat them against the external parasites.

 Sudden change in lightning
The lighting should be steady and sudden flashes of light and frequent interruption of light should be avoided as these adversely affect egg production.
Also, sudden loud noises around the farm can frighten the chickens and can hinder egg production.

 Diseases
Diseases are the major cause of drop in egg production in layers chickens. The health administration should be handled meticulously by trained personnel. Chicken health is sensitive. Sick chickens are to be isolated in a sick bay for treatment and recuperation. The vaccine plan must be strictly adhered to.

 Vaccine stress reaction
Some of the vaccines administered to the chickens can create negative reactions in the chickens such as stress. Therefore anti-stress drugs should be administered before and after the administration of certain types of vaccines.

 Excessive medication
Excessive medication should also be avoided because the chickens may become drug dependent. Excessive medication can affect egg turnover. Therefore, drugs should be given when necessary and over medication in volume and frequency must be avoided.

 Cannibalism
Cannibalism occurs when chickens confined in the same pen peck on each others toes, back and feathers causing serious injuries.
Suggested solutions are as follows:
Ensure adequate floor spacing based on the recommended floor spacing
Ensure the chicken pen is adequately ventilated
Ensure the feed contains enough salt
Ensure balanced feeding and watering
Ensure uniform light spacing
De-beak the birds at the appropriate times
Isolate injured birds as quickly as possible not to infect the rest

 Infections
Ensure that you purchase healthy stock of chickens with proven health status free from any infections when starting the farm

 Sanitation
Ensure high hygienic standards as chickens do not perform well in unclean environs

 Inadequate floor spacing
Adequate floor spacing prevents overcrowding and poor ventilation is a serious health hazard. Therefore, the pens must be properly ventilated without blocking the sources of air and light.

 Poor feeding and poor watering
Ensure balanced feeding
Avoid sudden changes in feeding formula
Avoid over feeding the chickens
Avoid water starvation as it will surely lead to drop in egg production

John Ayodele
http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com
http://www.poultryaffairsng.simplesite.com
Phone: +2348035978352

Chicken Farming in Nigeria: A Street Knowledge Secrets You Must Know!   1 comment

Post 39

Chicken farming is a profitable but sensitive business. Many Nigerians are scared to venture into this business despite the facts that it can be lucrative if well managed; has a stable demand pattern; has no cultural or religious taboos affecting it and has a large guaranteed market. The common fear is high mortality rates. That is now a fear based largely on ignorance. The business has much developed that starters are now doing it with very low mortality rates and smiling to the bank.

No one will tell you that one of the sensitives and secrets to success in chicken farming in Nigeria is that you must limit the influx of persons into your chicken farm to the very barest minimum. Those going in there must be strictly limited to persons who have business doing in it.Your chicken farm is not an excursion site or tourist center for visitors to come visiting like a zoo.

Allowing every Tom, Dick and Harry access into the farm especially the chicken pen sections can have a negative impact on the fortunes of the farm. Apart from being a disease control violation, there are other dangers that can impact negatively which i cannot state here.That is street knowledge not available in any book.  Just get it clear that a chicken farm is not a zoo where all manner of visitors come for fun.

If you have a layers chicken farm, you must take this warning very seriously. As much as possible, do not allow even the customers for eggs to come into the chicken pen area.  Make it strictly ‘Out of Bounds to Non-Staff’. You can set up a farm office elsewhere where you take the eggs to, for the customers to buy. It could be a rented store in another location.

A word is enough for the wise! Wisdom is the principal thing, apply it with tact.

For some of the testimonials, click on the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS. For the highly rated and unique poultry reports,please visit the poultry reports section at http://www.poultryaffairsng.simplesite.com

John Ayodele
Email:ayodeleade2002@yahoo.com
Phone:+2348035978352

 

 

Poultry Farming: The Outcome of My Visit to Mr.Michael’s Farm   2 comments

Post 36

This is the 36th post on this informative poultry blog for set up to encourage Nigerians to venture into poultry farming business and to do it with the barest minimum upset. If you are looking for a viable business, which products are in high demand in Nigeria, recession-proof and guaranteed with a large in-exhaustible market, please go for layers chicken farming and you will not regret it…Guaranteed!

The guarantee is largely based on knowing what to do and doing it rightly, diligently and meticulously.

One of the posts below, the 34th post is the story of Mr. Michael, a UK based Nigerian who came across this blog in 2013. On the strength of what he read here, he set up a 2000 bird layers chicken farm in the Ikorodu axis in Lagos State and the farm is thriving today. Yet he is still resident in the UK.

In November 2014, i visited the farm on his invitation and was highly impressed with what i saw. There are close to 2000 layers chickens in battery cages in a flushing system chicken pen that are recommended on this blog. The farm is in a rural part which is a perfect setting for the business.There is a farm house on site and a borehole. There are experienced farm attendants who have passion and interest in chickens. And he has a trusted and capable farm manager in charge of the farm in his absence. The eggs produced are attractive good sized eggs. The farm operations runs well and the chickens in top rate health.

An error that i observed and notified the farm for immediate correction was the absence of a disinfected foot bath at the entrance of the chicken pen. This is a disease control measure, very important that should not be neglected!

He did very little marketing and the farm was flooded by egg vendors looking for eggs to buy. He was surprised how they knew he had a farm in that locale. That is the nature of the layers chicken farming business.The customers come looking for you to buy eggs from you, not you looking for them to buy from you. They will find you out wherever your farm is hidden!

If Mr Michael based in the UK has not regretted; if Mr Muyiwa also in Ikorodu has not regretted;If Mr Usman in Kano has not regretted;if Madam Ngozi in Kebbi has not regretted; if Ifiok and Christopher in Akwa Ibom have not regretted setting up their chicken farms based on this blog information, how can you regret if you do what they did the right way?

Warning: If you cannot give the chickens the level of attention required, or cannot put in place the personnel who can give the level of attention required, please do not do the business. Rather, go open a business like a book store, car shop or cement store where you can fold your arms.

APPLY YOURSELF.GET ALL THE EDUCATION YOU CAN, BUT THEN, BY GOD DO SOMETHING.DON’T JUST STAND THERE. MAKE IT HAPPEN (LEE IACCOCA).

For unique poultry reports,visit http://www.poultryaffairsng.simplesite.com

John Ayodele
http://www.poultryaffairs.simplesite.com
http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com
Phone:+2348035978352

Poultry Business in Nigeria: Frozen Poultry Meat Business Opportunity   Leave a comment

Post 35
In this post, I am presenting one of the related viable money making opportunities in the poultry industry. Frozen poultry is massively imported into Nigeria via smuggling routes. This item is contraband in the Import Prohibition List which you can confirm from the Nigerian Customs Service Website.

The fact that it is smuggled and massively consumed indicates that there is a wide gap in the local market that needs to be bridged. But the product is considered poisonous because a chemical known as formalin, normally used to preserve corpses is used to preserve the imported frozen poultry to keep it fresh till it gets to the Nigerian consumer. Formalin is a cancer causing chemical capable of causing liver and kidney diseases. Therefore, it is a dangerous chemical unsafe for human consumption.

Nigerians prefer frozen poultry for a number of reasons that border on convenience:

  • It saves them the stress of slaughtering live chickens and processing them for consumption. Some are really scared of slaughtering an animal.
  • Frozen poultry is easily accessible as frozen food stores exist in every residential area in Nigeria.
  • Imported frozen chicken is cheaper than local frozen poultry, but more unsafe for consumption where dangerous chemicals have been used to preserve it. The local frozen poultry is more nutritious and safer but costlier. Imported frozen poultry is costlier in the long run if we consider the likely medical bills treating cancer, liver and kidney ailments that may result from consuming formalin used to preserve the product.

There is nothing bad with frozen poultry if it is properly preserved without dangerous chemicals and if it spends not longer than 6 months in the store. As a potential investor, where do you come in? You have 2 options as follows:

1) Set up a poultry farm to breed your own chickens, process them into locally produced frozen poultry and market to the consumers OR

2) Buy live chickens from farmers and process into frozen poultry for the consumers.

To invest in local frozen poultry business, you need to invest in slaughtering and De-feathering machinery, packaging and storage facilities as well as marketing strategies to convince the ignorant Nigerian to patronize your costlier, but safer and more nutritious local frozen chicken. The imported but dangerous frozen poultry costs about N700.00/kilo while the safer to consume local frozen poultry costs about N1600.00. When more investors come in,the price will come down as it was in the mobile phone business.

This is a viable money making idea for Nigerians especially the foreign based ones seeking for viable businesses to set up in Nigeria. Home based Nigerians looking for what to do in retirement can also consider this business. The unemployed Nigerian graduate, who can put on his thinking cap, can also set up in this business, starting small.

Some facts are sure: Nigeria has no business importing frozen poultry which can easily be produced at home to provide employment and create wealth for her citizens. Nigeria has no business importing poisonous poultry meat that increase the numbers of cancer, liver and kidney patients in the long run.

The market is shifting to local frozen meat processing as there is a huge gap to bridge in the market.Do your research to confirm what i am saying here and set up if you can.The local frozen meat production is the business of the future for foresighted investors who can key into it now.

For unique poultry reports,visit the poultry reports section @ http://www.poultryaffairsng.simplesite.com

John Ayodele
http://www.poultryaffairs.simplesite.com
http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com
Phone:+2348035978352

Chicken Farming in Nigeria: UK Based Mr. Micheal’s Unique Testimonial   Leave a comment

Post 33

I received the mail below from Mr Micheal,a UK based Nigerian who used this blog resources to set up a 2200 layers chicken farm in the Ikorodu axis in Lagos State in Nigeria.He wrote:

Good day Mr Ayodele,
How are you today and hope all is well with you and the family?
I just want to inform you about the good news with regards to my poultry which started operation in November 2013. Also to thank you for all the advice you gave before I started the poultry. May God continue to bless you and increase your wisdom, in the poultry industry.
I started with 2244 day old chicks and till date , we only have 23 mortality which I’m so happy about. The chickens will be put in the cage next week and hope fully will soon start laying the golden eggs. Although its cash intensive but it is worth it, if it’s done properly because it needs somebody that is very hard working and ready to put in the effort.
Once again a big thank you for your advice and also the poultry reports were very useful for a new comer like me. I will send some pictures to show the development from day old chicks to now.
Kind regards
Michael(UK)
mikocha@hotmail.com

For unique poultry reports,visit http://www.poultryaffairsng.simplesite.com

John Ayodele
http://www.poultryaffairs.simplesite.com
http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com
Phone:+2348035978352

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: How to Get Low Interest Loans For Set Up   5 comments

Post 28
A Nigerian bank known as the Bank of Agriculture,owned by the Federal Government of Nigeria is giving out loans to genuine farmers who can prove their genuineness.The F.G.N has provisioned N200 Billion as loans to farmers and the steps to access the loan are straight forward if you are a genuine person with genuine intentions.If you are an unemployed Nigerian graduate looking for paid employment,pay attention to this post and take a step of faith to key into it.

The steps to obtain the loan are as follows:
1) Locate the office of the Bank of Agriculture that covers the area or local government area where your farm is situated and open an account with the bank with a minimum deposit of N3000.00

2) For the ‘Know Your Customer’ (KYC) requirements, you must present your NEPA Bill which confirms your place of residence + any of the approved means of identification such as International Passport, Drivers License, National Identity Card or Voters Registration Card.

3) Other requirements are:
Complete and signed account form
Complete and signed mandate card
Present 4 passport photographs of yourself

4) You must run and operate the account for at least 3 -6months before applying for the loan. Do not think that you can just open the account, abandon it and show up after 6 months for the loan. The loan is not the usual national cake and the bank, newly repositioned, is not fooled. If you play that old game, the bank will doubt your integrity and commitment to repay the loan if granted and that means you may not get it.

Running and operating the loan means that you make it an active account. This means making sure that you save money and withdraw from the account on a regular basis. The bank wants to see that there are transactions going on in the account. Therefore, you should make regular deposits and withdrawals on the account during the 6 month period to create an active relationship that makes the bank have confidence in you.

5) You must have an existing farm, at a fixed location and the farm must have its record of operations and activities on a daily basis neatly kept. The era of armchair farmers/political farmers/farms of no fixed address/classroom farmers are over. The bank will visit your farm for inspection when you apply for the loan.

6) The bank will check what you have on ground; see how far you have gone; what the loan is required for, and ensure that the loan is appropriate for what it is required. The bank wants to know whether you have an adequate knowledge of your area of farming business. You must be able to demonstrate the practical hands-on experience in your area of farming. The bank wants to know whether you have a project you are working on and the fund requirements. And within a month of the inspection, the loan will be approved if the bank is satisfied.

You can obtain a loan of N250,000.00 from the Bank of Agriculture without any collateral.With this amount,you can set up a small backyard chicken business that will pay more than the elusive salary job you are seeking. Some graduates earn N15,000.00 monthly in the name of earning a salary.What a pity!I will show you how to go about setting up a small chicken business with as low as N250,000.00.

One Mr Christopher,a graduate based in Akwa Ibom State,following this blog, started with 87 day old broilers and with a budget of N70,000.00. He lost only 3 of them and sold the remaining 84 at 7 weeks old for N1000.00 each. He made a neat profit.He is now looking for land to buy to do it on a larger scale.

What are you waiting for?
Get the location ready and put it into preparation before inviting the bank for inspection.
Then, go open an account with the Bank of Agriculture and operate it as required for at least 6 months.Make an estimate of the farm’s fund requirements and get it ready before applying for the loan.

For unique poultry reports,visit the poultry reports section @ http://www.poultryaffairsng.simplesite.com

John Ayodele
http://www.poultryaffairs.simplesite.com
http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com
Phone:+2348035978352

”Poultry Farming: How to Cull Your Chickens   1 comment

Post 27
Here, i am discussing culling and a tested formulation that greatly reduces mortality in chickens. Culling is the removal of underdeveloped and unproductive chickens from the flock. You see, a few chickens may not develop and you keep feeding them.Some may not produce eggs and you keep feeding them.What is the use? Are you not losing money? Culling enables you to identify them, remove them and keep them elsewhere in order to give them a chance to develop; or to sell them.Culling is an essential activity in the business.

There is a simple test you can conduct that enables you to identify a layers chicken the flock among that will not lay any eggs with a 90% accuracy.If a medical doctor can carry out tests that show that a woman is infertile and may not carry a baby in the womb,you can carry out a simple test that tells you a layers chicken will not lay any eggs.

The formula is to measure the distance between the lay-bones of the chicken. If it falls within a certain range of figures,it is certain with a 90 percent accuracy that the chicken will not lay any eggs.You can also measure the distance between the breast bone and the lay bones. If the figure falls within a specific range, it is also certain that the chicken will not lay any eggs. This exercise is rather too academic and not realistic to carry out where you have many chickens. Do not bother about it.It is not recommended as it is unnecessary.

For unique poultry reports,visit the poultry reports section @ http://www.poultryaffairsng.simplesite.com

John Ayodele
http://www.poultryaffairs.simplesite.com
http://www.johnayodele.wordpress.com
Phone:+2348035978352