Archive for the ‘poultry farming’ Tag
In the layers chicken business, you sell the chickens at the end of egg production. At the end of egg production, they are known as expired/spent layers or old layers as they are called in Nigeria. End of egg production occurs usually after about 12 -15 months of consistent egg production; when the overall egg production has fallen by less than 50%; when the income from egg production is inadequate to pay their feed bill, all things being equal. In these scenario, the old layers can be sold.
In Nigeria, the old layers chicken business is big business any day but has its peak period. During Christmas 2013, an old layers chicken sold for N900.00 to N1000.00 in Lagos markets. The Christmas season is the best period to earn the best prices from the sale of old layers. Besides this festive season, old layers are not in demand and are sold at lower prices if your chickens’ end of egg production falls in an off Christmas season.
How do you set the timing to sell your old layers to get the best prices?
Start with day old layers chickens around April to June in the year. Rear them for about 6 months to attain maturity to commence egg production. Produce eggs for about 12 -15 months, then sell during the Christmas season following the end of egg production. The revenue from the sales of the old layers can be used to start another chicken cycle for continuity.
For broilers chickens, start with day old chickens from around mid September to first week October. Rear for 12-14 weeks and start selling a few days to Christmas/New Year day. The heavier the weight, the more attractive the price.If you get the feeding techniques right(street knowledge), you can produce each for less than N1500.00 and sell for N2500.00
To view the details of our 9 unique poultry reports + 6 bonuses, click the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-TS
In the income/ profit analysis in Report 4 & 7, i was highly conservative. The selling price of spent layers for 2009 was used in the calculations. The mortality rate used is 15% which is too high. The purchase price of finished feeds was used to calculate the feeding cost. Profits will be much higher if the selling price of spent layers in 2013/14 was used; if a lower, more reasonable mortality rate, say 5% was used; if the feeding was based on self-milling rather than purchasing finished feeds.
The Report Number 4 has the cost/income/profit analysis in MS Word while the Report 7 has them in MS Excel Format which is more detailed than Report 4. Attached to Report 7 is a Report 8 that explains all the calculations for income & expenses figures in either Report 4 or 7. The Report 9 shows you how much per bag that can be saved if you do self-milling than buying finished feeds.
No stories this year, you must take action now to avoid telling stories and blaming the economy and the Federal Government by end of 2014.Nigerians like blaming their governments instead of looking inwards to see what they can do. The action starts with reading all the posts on this blog to know whether the chicken business is the business to do.
This is the 1st post on this blog in Year 2014 and the 32nd since November 2010. It is one of the most informative poultry blogs targeting Nigerians who are interested in the business. If you are here for the first time, I want you to take note of some crucial facts as follows:
1)The poultry business is one of the most viable businesses in Nigeria. The market for poultry products especially eggs is large and it is a guaranteed market. The products are always in demand from day to day, and the market for poultry products is far from saturation. This is unlike many of those businesses that Nigerians admire and run after even when their market is densely over saturated.
2)This business has been misunderstood by many Nigerians who dread it, largely based on their own ignorance, misinformation and false myths being peddled about the business. The difference between success and failure in the business is not money but knowledge. More of your knowledge base than money! People say they need money for the business and when they get it, they mess up and begin to wonder what went wrong.Knowledge comes first, so strive to have it. Else, your money goes down the drain and you think that the witches in your village are after you.
3) To do the business successfully, without tears and with minimum upset, you must be conversant about the basic processes. You must be detail oriented and have the time for it and attention. Not everyone can do this business. If you want to know whether you have what it takes to do this business, you are strongly advised to read virtually all the posts on this blog.
It contains the basic details to doing the business well with good results to show.You can also get detailed knowledge elsewhere outside this blog, but make sure you are properly informed. Please do not gamble in the business. it is too risky and unwise to do that.
4) The processes of the business are simple but require diligence and meticulous application. That is where the problem is with many Nigerians who want overnight riches without any sweat and are ready to jump into any business idea without sound analytical reasoning. Come into poultry business with that mindset, you will have yourself to blame. That is sure!
5) If you are the lazy type, please find another business that accommodates laziness. Poultry is hard work oh, but you get good returns for your labor. Sure!If you are determined and have a dream,pursue that dream regardless of the risks involved and the experiences of others.If someone has failed in a venture, is that an indication that you will also fail?
6) In chicken farming, you will make money but to make the money, you must pay close attention to details, be highly observant and observe strict hygiene among other practices.If you cannot pay the price to do what is required in chicken farming, PLEASE and PLEASE, do not do the business.Find another business to invest your time,money and energy in. As good as the chicken business is, it is not for everyone who thinks he has the money and can just dabble into it. Dabbling into it is a high risk foolishness.
There are 8 informative poultry reports on this blog addressing different aspects in the business for persons starting small. One of the reports is Report 4 ‘Cost Analysis for Setup of a 1000 Layers Chicken Farm’ in MS Word Format. This report was updated again in January 2014 and now contains the profit and loss account from one month’s operation in a 1000 layers chicken farm.
Please note that there are no exaggerations or hypes in the report. The profit expectation is the worst case scenario in a well-managed layers chicken farm. To further explain the figures in the report, another report, Working Notes (Report 8) has been written to teach you how to do the calculations by yourself. This blog teaches do-it-yourself.
Another version is Report 7 ‘Profit Analysis for Set Up of a 1000 layers Chicken farm’ in MS Excel Format. The figures in Report 4 and 7 are the same but the presentation is different. The Report 8 (Working Notes) explains the calculations in both. To access any of these reports if you want them, click the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-RO
To see the breakdown of the contents in Report 7, click the link the link: http://wp.me/p11ziB-r1
You do not need to have both reports 4 and 7. Any of them, along with the Working Notes (Report 8) will get the message across clearly. But if you are curious, you may have both the Report 4 and 7 along with other reports in one order. Visit the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-RO
The Broiler Chicken Report (Number 2) has been updated with some costing analysis. I have offloaded too many details on this blog already.Create time to digest all the blog posts to get informed about the business and know whether it is the business for you . Every detail that you need to start is covered.
This is the 25th post on this poultry blog for the benefit of people especially Nigerians who wish to set up a poultry farming business which is one of the most viable businesses in Nigeria with a large and guaranteed market.
If you are a first timer on this blog,please read all the loaded free posts below that will make a big positive difference when you set up a poultry farm.On this informative blog you get the details required for free and cannot miss your way in the business if you can add diligence to the equation.
Testimonies have been coming in from some readers who courageously set up small poultry farms based on the resources on this blog.One of them,Mr Jide Makinde, based in Ibadan was published in one of the posts below.Another is Mr Musa Usman in Kano who set up with 514 layers and several others.Mr Usman’s comment in the Comments section of this blog is as follows:
Happy birthday Mr John. I would never forget your valuable advise and educative materials that really helped us in setting up our farm. For your information, at exactly sixth months today, our birds are still doing well with mortality rate at just 2.1% and producing the golden eggs. We would always be grateful to you.
Another blog reader,Mr Lekan (firstname.lastname@example.org) who got the reports sent the following mail to me recently:
‘I saw one of your mail where you asked if i had started my poultry farm. Thanks for the concern i started long ago August 2012 with 1000 birds and today we have 3500 birds.
I have the opinion that our oil wealth came much too early when Nigerians were yet to imbibe the spirit of accountability and hard work.As a result, agriculture was abandoned and today, what do we have to show for our 40+ years of oil resources? Massive corruption,massive unemployment and a get-rich quick mentality! Agriculture alone can swallow our unemployment in this country.Countries like Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia that concentrated on agriculture have overtaken us economically.
It is time we go back to agriculture and stop roaming the streets looking for non-existing or elusive white collar jobs. One of the problems we have in this clime is that Nigerians do not want to start small even when there are no funds to start big. Secondly,their reading culture is poor. The knowledge that will improve your life is buried in books.
Weeks ago,a farmer in the Eastern part of Nigeria called to say that his chickens were dying in large numbers at about 4 weeks old.The cause was coccidiosis, a dreaded chicken disease, better prevented than cured.He, the owner was the problem. How? They were not changing the litter and in fact they did not change it for weeks!
He said that his farm adviser(consultant) did not tell him about litter management,so i learned from the discussion.He expected the farm attendants to know.If he, the farm owner did not know, how would the farm attendant know? Who gives instructions to the farm attendant?
If it was true,then the farm adviser erred by not letting them know about effective litter management to prevent coccidiosis.This farmer reads this blog where litter management has been discussed in one or two posts below. Diligence was missing and is a strong factor to success in this business.
It is one of the central messages of this blog that the farm owner should know much about the business before starting the farm.If you know,the better for you because it means that your staff or consultant cannot take you for a ride.I keep saying it that the farm owner should go the extra mile to get properly informed in the business.
There are about 40 detailed posts on this blog that teaches you what you should know in the business.I assure you that in these posts, you have what it takes to do the business well.The 8 poultry reports on this blog are straight to the point,made as simple as 123, not those voluminous reports that often contain abstracts you cannot understand.
You may not set up a farm now, maybe have an intention to do so in future, but may get any of poultry reports. Report 7 is a profit & cost analysis for set up of 1000 layers chicken farm prepared on MS Excel Workbook.You may visit Post 18 below titled ‘Profitability Analysis for Starters’ for the contents of Report 7.It is the Excel Version of Report 4(Cost Analysis Report) but much more detailed.
This blog contains 30+ posts for the benefit of starters in Nigeria interested in small chicken farming setup for egg production and who need solid information about the business. If you are one, you are advised to patiently read all the posts on this blog from November 2010 to date. Doing so,you will have a full grasp of the business,what it takes to do it before spending a penny on it.
In this post, i am discussing the market for poultry products.Nigeria has a population of 150 million and is grossly under provided in terms of proteins which is an essential food component for healthy living.
Statistics from the Federal Office of Statistics and Food & Agricultural Organization indicate that 2Kg of beef and 4kg of eggs are available to the average Nigerian yearly. That is about 11 grams of egg supply per day when compared with the global accepted recommendation that one person take an egg per day.
To address this protein problem, there is urgent need for massive production of protein based foods in Nigeria at prices that the average Nigerian can afford in view of the economic realities.
One of the avenues to achieve the goal is through poultry farming which constitutes chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, guinea fowls etc. The chickens constitute about 70% of the poultry population in Nigeria therefore the term ‘poultry farming’ is used generally to refer to chicken farming in Nigeria. The major poultry products are eggs and meat.
There is a high demand for poultry products in Nigeria during festivals such as Christmas, New Year, Easter, Id El Fitri, Id El Kabir and others.Fast foods operators, hotels, caterers, restaurants, supermarkets are also major outlets.
Eggs have a variety of uses apart from the household consumption.It is used in the preparation of chicken burger, scotch eggs, salad, baked foods, hair shampoo,ice creams, custard, beverages, snacks and cakes etc. Other outlets include hawkers, retail stores,roadside breakfast canteens,boarding hostels and individuals and many other channels.
The bulk supply of eggs comes from small farmers who operate largely home backyard farms containing small holdings of about 100 to 1000 chickens.However, there are big players such as Animal Care Konsult,Obasanjo Farms,CHI Farms, Amo Sanders, Choice Farms,Sambawa Farms, Arewa Farms, UAC Foods and Zartech Limited and others that cannot be listed here.Nevertheless, supply is still lower than demand. Therefore, the egg market is essentially a seller’s market in Nigeria.
This is the 8th post of this blog.
Are you a Nigerian going into poultry farming business for the first time?For you to do poultry farming successfully, certain essentials must be noted about the business.The factors are many and very important.There are successes in the business just as there are failures too in it as in any other business.
The major difference between a success and a failure in poultry farming is information and determination! The quality of information at the disposal of the farmer and the will to follow through matters much and makes much difference.
I will discuss some of the essentials on this blog for the benefit of starters IN nIGERIAfor whom this blog was set up.The full detail is in the poultry reports. Before i go into the essentials, i want to discuss a bit about broiler farming as all the previous posts focused on layer farming business.
The fastest way to make money or to recoup your investment in poultry farming is through broiler chicken farming. Broilers are for meat production and can reared for 5-7-12 weeks.At 5-7 weeks, you can sell them to fast food companies.
The chicken business that will provide you with steady cash flow, daily income over a longer period of time and the more lucrative is layer farming for egg production.However, layer farming is more stressful and more capital intensive than broiler farming. You will rear layers for up to 18- 20-22 weeks before egg production starts and you will maintain them for another 15-18 months on the farm.
If you are supplying broilers to a fast food company, then you must have the financial resources to produce in thousands and regularly too.If you have a small budget, you can rear about 50-100 broilers in your backyard at home and sell at 12 weeks.You can rear them to target a festive period such as Christmas.
If you are rearing a small flock for Christmas, you should start by mid September to first week October and by mid-December, they are ready for sale. Then start selling from December 23 to January 1st.This is the period you can get the best possible prices.Endeavor to sell all by January 1 because,by the following day,January 2nd the prices may crash when demand falls.
If price crashes below your cost of production and you continue to feed the birds,that means you are making a loss.This means that you should produce what you can sell and have to put in extra effort to locate your own market.With good farm management, feeding techniques and marketing strategy,100% profit is assured.
In the layer farming business,once your chickens have commenced egg production,look for 5 egg retailers to tell within or outside your neighborhood..Within few days or weeks, you will see a stream of customers whom you did not tell knocking on your door asking for eggs.The market for eggs is very large.
The third type, the cockerel chicken reared for meat production goes through the same rearing processes as the layers and broilers.The three types have different vaccination schedules.The cockerel is a more rugged bird than the layers and broilers and can survive many odds much better than the others if properly vaccinated from inception. But many do not rear cockerels because they take too long to mature and if you sell in an off season you may make a loss, selling below cost of production.
If you are rearing a few broilers and cockerel as a backyard farmer,it is advised that you target a festival period where demand will be high and you can get good prices that will fetch you a clean profit.
The chicken farming business is real good business.Then, it is not as easy as it seems.It is a sensitive business but the risk is manageable.It requires hard work and prompt attention to details.For example,to do well in broiler farming, there are about four main challenges you must solve to have smooth farming operations.Get the details from the Broiler Chicken Farming Report on this blog. Visit the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-MD for details
The opportunities and potentials in poultry farming are many.Some of the opportunities are as follows:
1) Selling livestock feeds: Livestock feeds are in high demand in the market. It sells very well. Register with the major producers and you can set up as a retailer, wholesaler or distributor depending on their terms.Major ones include Top feed, Boar Feeds, Sanders Feeds, Cornerstone Feeds and Livestock Feeds. There are many other brands in the market.
2)Producing livestock feed:You can set up a feed mill in your backyard and produce chicken feed for farmers. You need to know the correct nutritional proportions that make up the feed for the different stages of development of the chickens. For instance, the feed composition ratios for layers (1 day to 8 weeks) is different from the feed composition from 9 weeks to 20 weeks. The report on how to compound the feed for layers and broilers and the feed mill set up is available on this blog. Click the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-MD for Poultry Report Number 3 for details.
3) Sell Poultry vaccines and drugs to farmers.
4) Sell Battery Cages (new and fairly used.The battery cage business is good business in Nigeria. If you have the resources to import them, do it. It costs about $120.00 to $150.00 abroad to buy a unit and sold here for N70,000.00 to N100,000.00 per unit.You pay no custom duties on them.
You can look for farmers who have used or old battery cages to sell, buy them and resell.You can get old cages for less than N20,000.00 and sell for N35,000.00 per unit.If you have storage space, you are in business.You can also be a broker linking buyers and sellers and get a commission on sales.
5)Sell other poultry equipment such as steel feeders,drinkers, egg crates etc.
6) Rear day old chickens up to 6 weeks and sell them to farmers. Many newbies are scared of rearing day old. It is a little difficult to rear day old because the brooding stage (1 day to 6 weeks) is the most critical stage in the life of a chicken requiring experienced handling and management.
You can acquire the experience , know how to rear day old chickens and sell them to others. 5-6 week old layer chickens are always in high demand .You need to a cost analysis of this venture to determine the profitability before you do it. The Cost Analysis Report Number 4 on this blog guides you into that.
7)You can rear the chickens and sell them at age 15-18 weeks as point-of-lay birds.There is high demand for point-of-lay birds by farmers who do not want to go through the stress of rearing chickens from day old to egg laying maturity. Many starters go for point-of-lay chickens.Do a cost analysis of this venture before you set up.
8) Set up as an egg supplier.There are companies who need eggs in large quantities usually hundreds or thousands of crates.Get the supply contract and source the eggs from farmers who have them.Do a market analysis first.Know the farm price, the minimum order, the cost of transportation and the price to sell to the client and your profit.
9) Sell Chicken waste. Collect chicken waste from farmers, dry them and bag them for resale to crop farmers. Chicken waste is the richest quality in animal manure. Selling chicken waste is an upcoming market in Nigeria. It is a smelly, dirty business but the money will not smell in your pocket!
This post is the second on this blog.
In poultry farming,feed costs is the major overhead. For a beginner,it is wise to count the cost before starting out.You should know how much it will cost you to feed a certain number of chickens for a given period for instance,how much to feed day old chickens from day one to about 18-22 weeks that egg production is expected to commence.
It is either you use ready made feeds to feed your chickens or you formulate your own feed which could be cheaper for you but the cost effectiveness of feed formulation plan depends on your scale of operations.
If you are a newbie and want to have knowledge(an informed opinion) of what it takes to do this business, you may get our recommended poultry reports on layer and broiler chicken farming. As an intending investor,you need set-up estimates to have an idea of the financial outlay especially the feeding cost of a layers chicken from day one to 22 weeks and beyond.
You should know how to make a realistic income forecast taking into account the general rule in egg production and its exceptions to arrive at a reasonable estimate. Our poultry Report Number 4 teaches you how to do the costing. For details, click the link http://wp.me/p11ziB-MD
Many farmers venture into poultry business rearing chicken without knowing the feeding cost upfront..Along the way, they became strapped. Some panic by changing the feed without proper guidance which compounds the problem. Before changing their feed, get proper counsel from an animal nutritionist and better still make adequate financial provision to feed the birds for at least 22 weeks.To formulate your own feed on your own farm, please consult a nutritionist for advice.