Archive for the ‘poultry farming’ Tag

Poultry Farming in Nigeria: The Better Period to Sell Your Old Layers   1 comment

In the layers chicken business, you sell the chickens at the end of egg production. At the end of egg production, they are known as expired/spent layers or old layers as they are called in Nigeria. End of egg production occurs usually after about 12 -15 months of consistent egg production; when the overall egg production has fallen by less than 50%; when the income from egg production is inadequate to pay their feed bill, all things being equal. In these scenario, the old layers can be sold.

In Nigeria, the old layers chicken business is big business any day but has its peak period. During Christmas 2013, an old layers chicken sold for N900.00 to N1000.00 in Lagos markets. The Christmas season is the best period to earn the best prices from the sale of old layers. Besides this festive season, old layers are not in demand and are sold at lower prices if your chickens’ end of egg production falls in an off Christmas season.

How do you set the timing to sell your old layers to get the best prices? Start with day old layers chickens around April to June in the year. Rear them for about 6 months to attain maturity to commence egg production. Produce eggs for about 12 -15 months, then sell during the Christmas season following the end of egg production. The revenue from the sales of the old layers can be used to start another chicken cycle for continuity.

For broilers chickens, start with day old chickens from around mid September to first week October. Rear for 12-14  weeks and start selling a few days to Christmas/New Year day. The heavier the weight, the more attractive the price.
John Ayodele


Chicken Farming in Nigeria: Important, indispensable facts to success   1 comment

1)The poultry business is one of the most viable businesses in Nigeria. The market for poultry products especially eggs is large and it is a guaranteed market. The products are always in demand from day to day, and the market for poultry products is far from saturation. This is unlike many of those businesses that Nigerians admire and run after even when their market is densely over saturated.

2)This business has been misunderstood by many Nigerians who dread it, largely based on their own ignorance, misinformation and false myths being peddled about the business. The difference between success and failure in the business is not money but knowledge. More of your knowledge base than money! People say they need money for the business and when they get it, they mess up and begin to wonder what went wrong.Knowledge comes first, so strive to have it. Else, your money goes down the drain and you think that the witches in your village are after you.

3) To do the business successfully, without tears and with minimum upset, you must be conversant about the basic processes. You must be detail oriented and have the time for it and attention.You can do this business, so do not allow negative minds to discourage you.Please do not gamble in the business. it is too risky and unwise to do that.

4) The processes of the business are simple but require diligence and meticulous application. That is where the problem is with many Nigerians who want overnight riches without any sweat and are ready to jump into any business idea without sound analytical reasoning.

5) If you are the lazy type, please find another business that accommodates laziness. Poultry is hard work but you get good returns for your labor. Sure!If you are determined and have a dream,pursue that dream regardless of the risks involved and the experiences of others.If someone has failed in a venture, is that an indication that you will also fail?

6) In chicken farming, you will make money but to make the money, you must pay close attention to details, be highly observant and observe strict hygiene among other practices.If you cannot pay the price to do what is required in chicken farming, PLEASE and PLEASE, do not do the business.Find another business to invest your time,money and energy in. As good as the chicken business is, it is not for everyone who thinks he has the money and can just dabble into it. Dabbling into it is a high risk foolishness.
John Ayodele

Small Scale Poultry Farming: More Testimonies From Satisfied Users!   4 comments

Testimonies have been coming in from some readers who courageously set up small poultry farms based on the resources on this blog.One of them,Mr Jide Makinde, based in Ibadan was published in one of the posts below.Another is Mr Musa Usman in Kano who set up with 514 layers and several others.Mr Usman’s comment in the Comments section of this blog is as follows:

<Happy birthday Mr John. I would never forget your valuable advise and educative materials that really helped us in setting up our farm. For your information, at exactly sixth months today, our birds are still doing well with mortality rate at just 2.1% and producing the golden eggs. We would always be grateful to you.

Another blog reader,Mr Lekan ( who got the reports sent the following mail to me recently:
'I saw one of your mail where you asked if i had started my poultry farm. Thanks for the concern i started long ago August 2012 with 1000 birds and today we have 3500 birds.

John Ayodele

Poultry (Chicken) Farming: The Consumption Pattern of Eggs in Nigeria   2 comments

Statistics from the Federal Office of Statistics and Food & Agricultural Organization indicate that 2Kg of beef and 4kg of eggs are available to the average Nigerian yearly. That is about 11 grams of egg supply per day when compared with the global accepted recommendation that one person take an egg per day.

To address this protein problem, there is urgent need for massive production of protein based foods in Nigeria at prices that the average Nigerian can afford in view of the economic realities.

One of the avenues to achieve the goal is through poultry farming which constitutes chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, guinea fowls etc. The chickens constitute about 70% of the poultry population in Nigeria therefore the term ‘poultry farming’ is used generally to refer to chicken farming in Nigeria. The major poultry products are eggs and meat.

Consumption Pattern
There is a high demand for poultry products in Nigeria during festivals such as Christmas, New Year, Easter, Id El Fitri, Id El Kabir and others.Fast foods operators, hotels, caterers, restaurants, supermarkets are also major outlets.

Eggs have a variety of uses apart from the household consumption.It is used in the preparation of chicken burger, scotch eggs, salad, baked foods, hair shampoo,ice creams, custard, beverages, snacks and cakes etc. Other outlets include hawkers, retail stores,roadside breakfast canteens,boarding hostels and individuals and many other channels.

Supply Pattern
The bulk supply of eggs comes from small farmers who operate largely home backyard farms containing small holdings of about 100 to 1000 chickens.However, there are big players such as Animal Care Konsult,Obasanjo Farms,CHI Farms, Amo Sanders, Choice Farms,Sambawa Farms, Arewa Farms, UAC Foods and Zartech Limited and others that cannot be listed here.Nevertheless, supply is still lower than demand. Therefore, the egg market is essentially a seller’s market in Nigeria.
John Ayodele

Chicken Farming in Nigeria: Good Business Opportunities For Everyone   3 comments

The opportunities and potentials to make money in poultry farming are many.Some of the opportunities are as follows:

1) Selling livestock feeds: Livestock feeds are in high demand in the market. It sells very well. Register with the major producers and you can set up as a retailer, wholesaler or distributor depending on their terms. Major ones include Top feed, Boar Feeds, Sanders Feeds, Cornerstone Feeds and Livestock Feeds. There are many other brands in the market.

2)Producing livestock feed:You can set up a feed mill in your backyard and produce chicken feed for farmers. You need to know the correct nutritional proportions that make up the feed for the different stages of development of the chickens. For instance, the feed composition ratios for layers (1 day to 8 weeks) is different from the feed composition from 9 weeks to 20 weeks.

3) Sell Poultry vaccines and drugs to farmers.

4) Sell Battery Cages (new and fairly used.The battery cage business is good business in Nigeria. If you have the resources to import them, do it. It costs about $120.00 to $150.00 abroad to buy a unit and sold here for N70,000.00 to N100,000.00 per unit.You pay no custom duties on them.
You can look for farmers who have used or old battery cages to sell, buy them and resell.You can get old cages for less than N20,000.00 and sell for N35,000.00 per unit.If you have storage space, you are in business.You can also be a broker linking buyers and sellers and get a commission on sales.

5)Sell other poultry equipment such as steel feeders,drinkers, egg crates etc.

6) Rear day old chickens up to 6 weeks and sell them to farmers. Many newbies are scared of rearing day old. It is a little difficult to rear day old because the brooding stage (1 day to 6 weeks) is the most critical stage in the life of a chicken requiring experienced handling and management.

You can acquire the experience, know how to rear day old chickens and sell them to others. 5-6 week old layer chickens are always  in high demand .

7)You can rear the chickens and sell them at age 15-18 weeks as point-of-lay birds.There is high demand for point-of-lay birds by farmers who do not want to go through the stress of rearing chickens from day old to egg laying maturity. Many starters go for point-of-lay chickens.

8) Set up as an egg supplier.There are companies who need eggs in large quantities usually hundreds or thousands of crates.Get the supply contract and source the eggs from farmers who have them.Do a market analysis first.Know the farm price, the minimum order, the cost of transportation and the price to sell to the client and your profit.

9) Sell Chicken waste. Collect chicken waste from farmers, dry them and bag them for resale to crop farmers. Chicken waste is the richest quality in animal manure. Selling chicken waste is an upcoming market in Nigeria.

John Ayodele